Freshwater Monster of New Brunswick, Canada.

Physical description: Serpentine. Length, 10-30 feet. Dark red. Head like an alligator's or a horse's. one pair of fins.

Behavior: Likes to sun itself. Said to migrate down rivers in August.

Tracks: Leaves furrows in the sand. Distribution: Utopia Lake, New Brunswick. Significant sightings: First reported around 1856 by lumbermen from St. George. In 1868, an animal was brought to the surface when 25 pounds of dynamite were set off under the water. Four shots were fired at it, but it apparently survived. A 28-foot animal allegedly killed in a field of grass 200 feet from the shore of Pas-samaquoddy Bay, New Brunswick, on August 3, 1868, was shown in a traveling exhibit. The exhibition flyer claimed it was 13 feet in girth, with legs 5 feet 4 inches long and a mouth 5 feet 6 inches wide.

On July 9, 1982, Sherman Hart and three others watched an animal surface about half a mile away. Its back was about 10—15 feet long and 1—2 feet above the water. Possible explanations:

(1) Floating logs.

(2) The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) grows to 4 feet 6 inches and has black spots on its head and body. Breeding adults in freshwater are greenish- or reddish-brown mottled with red or orange.

(3) The Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrhynchus) grows to 14 feet in length. It has a long, sharply V-shaped snout and is covered with oval, bony scutes.

(4) The American eel (Anguilla rostrata) was once very common in the lake and attains a length of 5 feet.

(5) A swimming deer could appear to be a lake monster.

(6) The Northern river otter (Lontra canadensis) reaches a length of 3—4 feet, including the tail.

Sources: St. John (N.B.) Globe, August 9, 1867; Harper's Weekly, October 24, 1868; S. O. Wheeler, "The Great Utopia Lake and Sea Monster, Captured near Passamaquoddy Bay, Will Be on Exhibition in This Town" (flyer, ca. 1869); E. J. Russel, "The Monster of Lake Eutopia," Canadian Illustrated News, November 30, 1872; Andrew Leith Adams, Field and Forest Rambles (London: Henry S. King, 1873); Wilson D. Wallis and Ruth Sawtell Wallis, The


Micmac Indians ofEastern Canada (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1955), pp. 114, 345-347; Stuart Trueman, An Intimate History ofNew Brunswick (Toronto, Canada: McClelland and Stewart, 1970), pp. 27-28; Rod C. Mackay, Discoveries and Recoveries of Eastern North America, accessed in 2000, http://www.oldcelticbooks.com/ Fundy/george5.html; Joe Nickell, Real-Life X-Files (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2001), pp. 133-136.

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