Prim ate of Southeast Asia.
Etymology: From the Latin homo ("man") + the Greek troglodytaï ("cave"). See also Trogiodyte .
Present status: Homo troglodytes was the Swedish taxonomist Carl von Linné's reclassification of the Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) in the tenth edition of his Systema naturae in 1759. The type description was also loosely based on stories of an albino tribe on the island of Ter-nate in the Moluccas in Indonesia and a white tribe in Central Africa whose members had membranes over their eyes. The specific name troglodytes has been perpetuated in the scientific name for the Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
Sources: Carl von Linné, Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, 10th ed. (Stockholm: Laurentii Salvii, 1758-1759), p. 24; Carl von Linné, Dissertatio academica, in qua Anthropomorpha, respondent C. E. Hoppius
(Uppsala, Sweden: Carl von Linné, 1760); Charles Wardell Stiles and Mabelle B. Orleman, The Nomenclature for Man, the Chimpanzee, the Orang-utan, and the Barbary Ape (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927), p. 9; Bernard Heuvelmans, Les bêtes humaines d'Afrique (Paris: Plon, 1980), pp. 36-44.
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