Paranormal winged entity found in many traditions worldwide.
Variant names: Alan, batsquatch, Chick-Charney, Ch'uan-t'ou (in China), Garuda, Gwrach-Y-Rhibyn, Harpy Houston bat man, Jersey Devil Mothman, Orang Bati, Owl-man, Popobawa, Sasabonsam, Springheel Jack, Tengu, Vietnamese flying lady.
PP'hysical description: A human being, either naked or clothed, flying through the air by means of wings most often described as batlike. Tracks: Human.
Distribution: United States; Bahamas; Brazil; Cornwall, Wales, and London, England; Tur
176 five-lined constellation fish key; Tanzania; India; Philippines; Indonesia; Vietnam; China; Japan; Siberia.
Significant sightings: William H. Smith saw a winged human form moving over Brooklyn, New York, on September 18, 1877.
In September 1880, a black man with bat's wings was seen flying 1,000 feet over Coney Island toward New Jersey. The figure had a "cruel and determined expression."
On April 14, 1897, B. C. Wells, the mayor of Mount Vernon, Illinois, and other citizens saw something that resembled the "body of a huge man swimming through the air with an electric light on his back." The incident occurred during a wave of unidentified flying object (UFO) sightings throughout the midwestern United States.
On July 11, 1908, writer Vladimir K. Ar-sen'ev encountered what he thought was a flying man in the Sikhote Alin Mountains, Siberia. Local hunters had apparently seen it on other occasions.
On January 6, 1948, Bernice Zaikowski and a group of children in Chehalis, Washington, claimed to have seen a man flying by means of long, mechanical wings that he manipulated with instruments on his chest.
In 1952, U.S. Air Force private Sinclair Taylor saw what he thought was an enormous bird while on guard duty at Camp Okubo near Kyoto, Japan. As it hovered not far away, he saw it had the body of a man about 7 feet tall and a 7-foot wingspan. He emptied his carbine into it as it landed but couldn't find a trace of it.
Hilda Walker and two other residents of Houston, Texas, on June 18, 1953, watched a bat-winged figure wearing a cape and bathed in a dim, gray light glide into a pecan tree at 118 East Third Street. The light faded, and the figure disappeared as a torpedo-shaped object swooped overhead.
U.S. Marine Earl Morrison was on guard duty near Da Nang, Vietnam, in the summer of 1969 when he and two other soldiers saw a naked woman with black, furry skin fly about 6-7 feet over their heads just after 1:00 am. It was about 5 feet high; flew by flapping black wings attached to its arms, hands, and fingers; and gave off an eerie greenish glow.
(1) Test flights of personal aeronautical devices.
(2) UFO phenomena or paranormal apparitions.
(3) Misidentifications of various birds or bats.
Sources: New York Times, September 12, 1880, p. 6; "Sees Man Fishing from Air Ship," Chicago Tribune, April 16, 1897, p. 4; Vladimir K. Arsen'ev, V gorakh Sikhote-Alinia (Moscow, 1937); E. D. Edwards, The Dragon Book (London: William Hodge, 1938); William C. Thompson, "Houston Bat Man," Fate 6 (October 1953): 26-27; Sinclair Taylor, "The Bird Thing," Fate 13 (December 1960): 53-54; Samuel Kamakau, Ka Po'e Kahiko: The People of Old (Honolulu, Hawaii: Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 1964), pp. 47-53; Joseph Mitchell Johnson, The Story of a County Pastor (New York: Vantage, 1967), pp. 245-247; Beulah M. D'Olive Price, "Angels over Milan, Tennessee: A Legend?" Mississippi Folklore Register 5 (1971): 122-123; Jerome Clark and Loren Coleman, "Winged Weirdies," Fate 25 (March 1972): 80-89; Don Worley, "The Winged Lady in Black," Flying Saucer Review Case Histories, no. 10 (June 1972): 14-16; Yuri B. Petrenko, "Forerunner of the Flying 'Lady' of Vietnam?" Flying Saucer Review 19, no. 2 (March-April 1973): 29-30; "Homens alados em Pelotas," SBEDV Boletin, no. 112-115 (September 1976-April 1977).
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