Large, piglike Hocfed Mammal or Marsupial of Aust ralasia.
Variant names: Gazeka, Monckt on's gazeka. Physical description: Dark skin wit h pat t erned markings. Lengt h, 5 feet . Shoulder height , 3 feet 6 inches or great er. Long snout . Horselike t ail. Even-t oed (cloven) feet.
Distribution: Owen St anley Range, Papua New Guinea.
Significant sightings: Ancient st one carvings depict ing st range animals wit h long, t runklike snouts were first found in 1962 in the Ambun Valley.
Huge (rhinoceros-sized) excrement was found by t he crew of t he HMS Basilisk on t he northeast Papuan coast in the 1870s. Dung from feral pigs, which are t he largest Papuan un-gulat es, is less subst ant ial.
Two nat ive Papuans, Privat e Ogi and t he village const able Oina, saw t wo large, porcine animals on Mount Albert Edward, Papua New Guinea, on May 10, 1906. Ogi tried to shoot one, but his hands shook, and he misfired. Possible explanations:
(1) A feral Domest ic pig (Sus scrofa var. domesticus) is rarely larger t han 2 feet 6 inches at t he shoulder.
(2) The Malayan t apir (Tapirus indicus) is odd-t oed and not found as far east as New Guinea.
(3) The Babirussa (Babyrousa babyrussa), found in Sulawesi, Indonesia, is not a close mat ch.
(4) A Papuan occurrence of t he Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is unlikely.
(5) A Long-nosed echidna (Zaglossus bruijni), especially a newly hat ched juvenile, might account for t he Ambun sculpt ures.
(6) A surviving diprot odont marsupial, such as t he t apirlike Palorchestes or t he rhinoceros-like, nasal-horned Nototherium. Most of New Guinea's native mammals are marsupials, making t hese large animals viable possibilit ies for t he Devil pig. The snout ed Palorchestes seems part icularly akin to the animal depict ed in t he Ambun st ones. The last diprot odont s are t hought t o have died out in Australia between 18,000 and 6,000 years ago.
Sources: Alfred O. Walker, "The Rhinoceros in New Guinea," Nature 11 (1875): 248, 268; Adolf Bernhard Meyer, "The Rhinoceros in New Guinea," Nature 11 (1875): 268; Charles A. W. Monckt on, Some Experiences of a New Guinea Resident Magistrate (London: John Lane, 1920); Charles A. W. Monckt on, Last
Days in New Guinea (London: John Lane, 1922), pp. 52-56; Charles A. W. Monckt on, New Guinea Recollections (London: John Lane, 1934), pp. 214-215; W. G. Heptner, "Über das Java-Nashorn auf Neu-Guinea," Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 25 (1960): 128-129; "A Remarkable St one Figure from t he New Guinea Highlands," Journal of the Polynesian Society 74 (1965): 78-79; Laurent Forge, "Un marsupial géant survit -il en Nouvelle Guinée?" Amazone, no. 2 (January 1983): 9-11; James I. Menzies, "Reflect ions on t he Ambun St ones," Science in New Guinea 13 (1987): 170-173.
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