Wildman of South America. Etymology: Kalihna (Carib) word. Variant names: Ewaipahoma, Rayas (Spanish, "sting rays").

PP'hysical description: Headless human or a human with either a doglike head or a head that sags below the shoulders. Eyes in shoulders. Mouth in chest. Long hair down the shoulders. Behavior: Uses bow and arrows. Distribution: Río Orinoco delta, Venezuela.

chiparemai 101

Present status: Sometimes erroneously cited in support of Mono Grande reports. Possible explanations:

(1) The West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) looks superficially human and has sparse facial hair.

(2) An Indian tribe that wears elaborate head coverings that make them look headless and uses body art in the form of a face to decorate the torso, as suggested by Victor Von Hagen.

(3) A deformed Indian, possibly a hunchback.

Sources: Walter Raleigh, Discovery ofthe Large, Rich, and Beautiful Empire of Guiana [1596], and Lawrence Kemys, A Relation ofthe Second Voyage to Guiana [1596], in Richard Hakluyt, ed., The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques & Discoveries ofthe English Nation [1598] (New York: Macmillan, 1910), vol. 10, pp. 406-407, 437-438, 465; Alexander von Humboldt, Personal Narrative of a Journey to the Equinoctial Regions ofthe New Continent, during the Years 1799—1804 [1825] (New York: Penguin, 1995), pp. 203-204, 216; Victor Wolfgang Von Hagen, South America Called Them (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1945), p. 119.

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