Aquatic genet. Osbornictis piscivora. Chestnut-colored, bushy-tailed genet found only in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. At 3 feet long, it rivals the giant genet in size. Unrecorded until 1913, it was first described by Joel Asaph Allen in 1919.
Colombian weasel. Mustela felipei. Weasel with webbed toes that was first discovered in 1951 by Philip Hershkovitz at Santa Marta, Colombia, but was not described until 1978 by Robert J. Izor and Luis de la Torre. Only five specimens have been found.
Crete wildcat. Felis silvestris cretensis. Subspecies of the European wildcat, described by Theodor Haltenorth in 1953 based on two skins found in a bazaar in Khaniá, Crete, in 1906. A live specimen was captured by two university students on the island in April 1996.
Flat-headed cusimanse. Crossarchus platy-cephalus. This shaggy forest mongoose from southern Nigeria and Cameroon was first described in 1984 by C. A. Goldman. May be a subspecies of the Long-nosed cusimanse (C. obscurus).
Galápagos fur seal. Arctocephalus galapagoensis. The smallest fur seal, discovered in 1904, is often considered conspecific with the South American fur seal (A. australis). Recorded only in the Galápagos Islands.
Giant genet. Genetta victoriae. The largest genet (at 3 feet 6 inches long), it was discovered by Sir Harry Johnston in 1901 in the Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Giant-striped mongoose. Galidictis grandi-dieri. Discovered in 1986 by W. Chris Wozencraft while examining mislabeled museum specimens, this little-known species is restricted to the area around Lake Tsimanampetsotsa, Madagascar.
Hawaiian monk seal. Monachus schauinslandi. Already depleted by sealers by the time it was reported by H. H. Schauinsland in 1905 in the northwest Hawaiian Islands, from Nihoa to Kure. Sometimes strays to eastern Hawaii.
Iriomote cat. Prionailurus iriomotensis. Wild feline 2 feet in length, with a dark-brown coat marked with dark spots that tend to merge into bands. Confined to the island of Iriomote-Jima in the Ryukyu Islands off Japan, the cat was discovered by Yukio Togawa in 1965 and placed in a new genus, Mayailurus. Some authorities consider it a distinct subspecies of the Leopard cat (P. ben-galensis), while others believe it to be closer to ancestral felines than any other living cat. Fossil remains discovered on a nearby island suggest the Iriomote cat has existed as a separate form for 2 million years. Its claws are not entirely sheathed and do not fully retract, while its toes are partially webbed. Less than 100 survive.
Liberian mongoose. Liberiictis kuhni. Very few specimens have been observed since this long-snouted, small-toothed mongoose was discovered in 1957 by Hans Himmelheber. The first dead specimens were given to scientists by a Liberian hunter in 1974, the first live one in 1989. This animal occurs in Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Guinea.
Owston's palm civet. Chrotogale owstoni. Only a few specimens have been found in Laos, Vietnam, and southern China since its discovery in 1911 by Alan Owston. The Cuc Phuong National Park in Vietnam manages a conservation program for this species.
Peruvian mountain coati. Nasuella sp. nov. Discovered in 1998 by Peter Hocking in Apuri-mac Department, Peru. Its nearest relative, N. olivacea, lives in Ecuador and has different coloration.
Sea mink. Mustela macrodon. Large species of mink formerly found along the coast of Maine and New Brunswick. Its pale, reddish pelt was said to be twice the size of a common mink's. It was officially recognized in 1903, based on remains found in Indian middens more than a decade after it had become extinct. The last one may have been a specimen killed in Maine in 1880.
Sulawesi palm civet. Macrogalidia musschen-broekii. Brown civet, over 3 feet long with a tail nearly 2 feet long, rediscovered in Indonesia in 1978 by John MacKinnon after being considered extinct since World War II.
Tainguen civet. Viverra tainguensis. A small civet discovered in 1996 in the Tainguen Plateau in central Vietnam and subsequently found in other tropical forests from Tonkin to Annam.
ura. Subspecies of leopard cat found in 1988 on Tsushima Island between Korea and Japan. Slightly smaller and darker than the leopard cat found on mainland Korea, with black spots on yellowish fur.
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