Freshwater Monster of Ireland, as well as a mysterious South American animal.
Etymology: From the Latin carbunculus ("gem").
Physical description: Serpentine. Said to have a shining, precious stone or a pearl hanging from its head that glitters like silver in the night. Behavior: Nocturnal.
Distribution: Lough Geal, on Mount Brandon, County Kerry, Ireland; the Straits of Magellan, Argentina; Paraguay.
Sources: Gonzalo Fernando de Oviedo y Valdes, Natural History ofthe West Indies, trans. Sterling A. Stoudemire  (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1959); Martin del Barco Centenera, The Argentine and the Conquest ofthe River Plate  (Buenos Aires: Instituto Cultural Walter Owen, 1965); Charles Smith, The Antient and Present State ofthe County of Kerry (Dublin: Charles Smith, 1756), p. 124; Henry Hart, "Notes on the Plants of Some of the Mountain Ranges of Ireland," Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Science, ser. 2, 4 (1884): 211, 220; Nathaniel Colgan, "Field Notes on the Folklore of Irish Plants and Animals," Irish Naturalist 23 (March 1914): 53-64.
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