Bats

Arnhem sheathtail bat. Taphozous kapalgensis. This brownish-orange bat with two white stripes on its flanks was discovered in 1979 in Australia's Northern Territory.

Banana bat. Musonycteris harrisoni. Small bat with a long muzzle discovered in 1958. Found only in Colima, Michoacan, and Guerrero States, Mexico.

Bulmer's fruit bat. Aproteles bulmerae. Name given in 1977 to numerous 12,000-year-old fossil bats found at the Kiowa Rock Shelter in the Chimbu Province of Papua New Guinea. Live specimens were also reported in a cave in the Hin-denburg Wall area of Western Province shortly afterward. Though the colony was decimated in the following years, the species was formally rediscovered in 1992 and is known to exist in caves in Eastern Highlands and Chimbu Provinces.

Kitti's hog-nosed bat. Craseonycteris thong-longyai. The world's smallest mammal, this bat is the size of a large bumblebee. Its body is less than 1.25 inches long. It was discovered in 1973 by Kitti Thonglongya in the Kwai River drainage, Thailand.

Lamington free-eared bat. Lamingtona lophorhina. A little-known bat described in 1968 from Mount Lamington, Papua New Guinea. Now considered to be a subspecies of the New Guinea long-eared bat (Nyctophilus microtis).

Luzon fruit bat. Otopteropus cartilagonodus. Large-eyed bat first discovered in northern Luzon, Philippines, in 1969. Known from only seven specimens.

Marshall's horseshoe bat. Rhinolophus mar-shalli. A little-known species first described in 1973 from Chanthaburi Province, Thailand.

Mt. Elgon serotine bat. Eptesicus loveni. Described in 1924 by Hugo Granvik from a specimen collected on the eastern slope of Mount Elgon, Kenya. However, it was shown in 1986 to be a Cape hairy bat (Myotis tricolor).

Nathalina bat. Myotis nathalinae. Small European bat recognized as a separate species in 1977. It is often found in old mines and old masonry.

However, since 1984, it has been considered a variation of Daubenton's bat (M. daubentoni).

New Guinea big-eared bat. Pharotis imogene. Dark-brown bat that has not been recorded since a single female specimen was found in Papua New Guinea and described in 1914.

Philippine pygmy fruit bat. Haplonycteris fis-cheri. Brown bat with a silverish tinge on its belly, first discovered on Mount Halcon, Mindoro, Philippines, in 1937.

Pipistrelles. Insectivorous brown bats. The Arabian pipistrelle (Pipistrellus arabicus) was described in 1979 and is found in Oman. Boden-heimer's pipistrelle (P. bodenheimeri) was first found in Israel in 1960. The Dar-es-Salaam pipistrelle (P. permixtus) is a little-known species found in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, in 1957.

Ridley's roundleaf bat. Hipposideros ridleyi. Small bat with dark-gray wing membranes, nose, and ears. Rediscovered in 1975 in Malaysia after a lapse of sixty-five years.

Sakhalin myotis. Myotis abei. Known since 1944 from Sakhalin Island, Siberia.

Salim Ali's fruit bat. Latidens salimalii. Medium-sized, tailless bat caught in southern India in 1948 but not described until 1972. A second specimen was recorded in 1993.

Small-toothed fruit bat. Neopteryx frosti. Reddish-brown bat collected in Sulawesi, Indonesia, in the 1930s and described in 1946.

Vietnam leaf-nosed bat. Paracoelops megalotis. Long-eared bat known from only one specimen collected at Vinh, Vietnam, in 1945.

Yellow-lipped cave bat. Vespadelus douglaso-rum. Cave-roosting bat first captured in 1958 and described in 1976 by D. J. Kitchener. It is known only from the Kimberley region of Western Australia.

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