Badak Tanggiling

One-horned, rhinoceros-like Hoofed MamMAL of Southeast Asia.

Etymology: Malay (Austronesian) word. Variant name: Scaled rhinoceros. Physical description: Length, 10 feet; slightly larger than the Sumatran rhino. Only one horn. The female is sometimes hornless. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Significant sighting: The hunter J. C. Haze-winkel shot eight of these animals in the 1920s.

Present status: The only currently known species of rhino in Sumatra is the two-horned Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis).

Possible explanation: The single-horned Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) may have persisted in Sumatra until the 1940s.

Sources: Joseph Delmont, Catching Wild Beasts Alive (London: Hutchinson, 1931); J. C. Hazewinkel, "A One-Horned Javanese Rhinoceros Shot in Sumatra, Where It Was Not Thought to Exist," Illustrated London News 93 (December 23, 1933): 1018-1019; Willy Ley, The Lungfish and the Unicorn (New York: Viking, 1941); Karl Shuker, Extraordinary Animals Worldwide (London: Robert Hale, 1991), pp. 162-163.

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