Pygmy Gorilla

Scientific names Gorilla may ma, given by Edmond Alix and Aim Bouvier in 1877 re-described as Pseudogorilla may ma in 1913 by Daniel G. Elliot renamed Gorilla (Pseudogorilla) ellioti by Serge Frechkop in 1943. Physical description Smaller than a gorilla but larger than a chimpanzee. Small head. No sagittal crest. Prominent forehead. Long hair on the back. Shorter shoulder bone. Slender and less muscular forearm, hand, lower leg, and foot. Distribution Cabinda and Gabon specimens were not found...

Chuchunaa

Etymology Related to Yakut (Turkic) word for fugitive or outcast. Variant names Abas, Abasy, Chuchuna, Kuchena, Kuchuna, Mulen (Evenki Altaic, bandit), Mulena, Siberian snowman. Physical description Heavily built. Height, usually 6 feet 6 inches-7 feet, though smaller sizes are reported. Long, matted head-hair. Lively expression. Big, black face. Protruding browridge. Small forehead, nose, and eyes. Broad chin. Heavy beard. Wide shoulders on relatively narrow body. Long arms. Behavior Travels...

Hantu Sakai

Etymology Malay (Austronesian), demon Sakai Sakai is a generic derogatory term for the Senoi, nomadic hunters and gatherers of Malaysia. Variant names Hantu raya, Mawas. Physical description Height, 5 feet 10 inches. Thick body-hair. White or pinkish skin. Long, black head-hair. Sad-looking face. Receding forehead. Projecting brow. Bushy eyebrows. Red eyes. Long mustache. Long canine teeth. The back of the forearm is said to have a sharp bone. Behavior At ease in water. Moves easily through the...

Nyamala

Dinosaur-like animal of Central Africa, similar to the MOKELE-MBEMBE. Etymology From the Fang (Bantu) nya mala, mother of canoes, or animal that resembles a large canoe. Physical description Said to resemble a sauro-pod dinosaur. Length, at least 30 feet. Weighs as much as an elephant. Threadlike filaments at the back of the head and neck. Long neck. A pair of pouches near the front legs. Long tail. Behavior Nocturnal. Comes ashore after midnight to feed. Eats a local vegetable called jungle...

Muhuru

Muhuru is the name of a bay in Lake Victoria as well as a dialect of Suba (Bantu), spoken by about 15,000 people in Kenya. Physical description Length, 9-12 feet. Dark gray. Sail-like structure on its back. Distribution Eastern Rift Valley, Kenya. Significant sighting Cal Bombay and his wife were driving through the Rift Valley in 1963 when their path was blocked by a gray, sail-backed reptile lying across the road. Possible explanation A surviving pelycosaur reptile, such as...

Brentford Griffin

Physical description The size of a dog. Dark color. Long muzzle. Wings. Four legs. Habitat Said to live on an island in the Thames River. Distribution Brentford, Greater London, England. Significant sightings In June or July 1984, Kevin Chippendale was walking down Braemar Road, close to the Griffin Pub, in Brentford when he glimpsed what looked like a dog with wings flying across the street ahead of him. He saw the same thing at the same spot in late February 1985. Other alleged witnesses came...

Fatherof AlltheTurtles

A giant Turtle, one category of Sea Monster identified by Bernard Heuvelmans. Etymology From a Sumatran legend. Variant name Aspidochelone (Greek, snake-turtle). Physical description Tortoiselike head. Large, prominent eyes. Wide mouth. No teeth. Medium-length, slender neck. Rounded cara pace with a saw-toothed ridge. Large scales on the back. Two pairs of flippers. Behavior Breathes through its mouth, making a whistling noise. Distribution North Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea....

Kraken

Giant Cephaopod of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Accepted by science after remains that washed up near Alb k, Denmark, in 1853 were examined, the Giant squid (Architeuthis) was described officially by Danish naturalist Japetus Steenstrup in 1857. The largest known specimens of giant squid have a total length, including their two long arms, of about 55 feet. The evidence for even larger animals is considered here as the legacy of the Kraken. Etymology The plural form of the Norwegian krake,...

Blood Sweating Horse

Unknown horse (a HOOFED Mammai) of East Asia. Behavior Bleeds from the shoulder when running at full speed. Said to be able to travel an incredible distance in one day. Distribution Tian Shan Range, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China formerly ranged in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Significant sightings An emperor of the Han Dynasty (206 B.C-A.D. 200) sent armies to catch this horse along the Silk Road trade route. In August 2000, Japanese horse researcher Hayato Shimizu took a photo of a...

Centaur

Semlmythlcalbeastof Southern Europe and the Middle East. Etymology Greek k ntauros, derived from those who round up bulls. PP'hysical description Head, arms, and trunk of a human. Legs and body of a horse. Behavior One group was fierce, sensuous, rude, and barbarous they were destroyed by Herakles and the Lapithae in a symbolic fight When great Attempts are undergone loyne Strength and Wiftdomc, both in one. F (Reader) thoudefirous be to know What by the cmture, feemeth here Intended What,...

Tinicum

Etymology After the township where one was killed in 1922. Variant names Indian devil, Nockamixon cat, Timber cat, Woods cat. Physical description Bobcatlike felid. Total length, 30 inches. Shoulder height, 13 inches. Weight, 8.5 pounds. Sandy-gray coat, with some yellow or buff color mixed in. A dark streak extends from the shoulders along the spine to the end of the tail. Tigerlike stripes on the body, legs, and tail. Fluffy winter coat. Said to be noticeably different from a feral domestic...

Fatingho

Variant name Kudeni. Physical description Large head. Long head-hair. Red eyes. Shaggy, black body-hair. Behavior Walks upright. Grunts. Habitat Dense forests. Distribution Senegal northern Guinea. Significant sightings Long ago, a hunter from around Diaroume, Senegal, captured a female Fating'ho and succeeded in taming it and having children by it. A daughter, named Na Fan-cani, was said to be of great beauty, and her descendants still lived in the area in...

Selma

Etymology Coined by Jan-Ove Sundberg. Physical description Length, 13-160 feet. Black. Head like a horse's or crocodile's. Long, thin neck. Mane sometimes reported. A pair of front flippers. One to five humps. Behavior Turns its head from side to side. Swims swiftly. Makes a snorting or growling sound under water. Tracks Leaves a furrow in the snow 15 inches wide and 12 inches deep when it ventures on land. Distribution Seljordsvatnet, Telemark County, Norway. Significant sightings Gunleik...

Mjossie

Variant name Mjoes orm. Physical description Length, 75 feet. Horselike head. Black mane. Large eyes. Behavior Most active in the summer months. Eats livestock. Distribution Mj0sa, Hedmark County, Norway. Significant sightings In 1522, the monster was stranded on a rock, where it was killed by a daring youth who shot a volley of arrows into its eye. It washed up on land, and villagers burned it. The skeleton lay undisturbed on the beach for years until some German...

Nittaewo

SMALL HOMINID of the Indian subcontinent. Etymology Veddah (Indo-Aryan) word, possibly coined from niya-atha (one who possesses nails). Also possibly derived from Nishtida, the name given by Indo-Aryan speakers to the earlier inhabitants of India the Sinhala form was Nigadiwa or Nishadiwa, which the aboriginal Veddah people of Sri Lanka turned into Nit-taewo. Variant names Nittavo, Nittawo, Vanara (Sinhala Indo-Aryan, man of the woods). Physical description Height, 3-4 feet. Females are smaller...

Warrigal

Etymology From the Dharuk (Australian) warigal, now generally used for large dogs, dingos, or anything wild. Variant names Blue Mountain lion, Erskine Gap monster, Lithgow panther, Megalong monster, Rock lion, Waregal. Physical description Muscular body. Length, 6 7 feet. Shoulder height, 3 feet. Large, catlike head. Large, protruding teeth. Long, shaggy mane. Light- to dark-brown fur. Tracks Large and catlike. Length, 5 6 inches. Width, 5 inches. Set 9.5 inches apart. Distribution Blue...

Devil Bird

Myst ery Bird of t he Indian subcont inent. Physical description Pigeon-sized bird t hat is rarely seen but oft en heard. Long t ail. Behavior Noct urnal. Cry is a hideous, st ran-gling sound, said t o be heard in cemet eries. Distribution Sri Lanka. Significant sighting Mit ford of t he Ceylon Civil Service saw a big black bird by moonlight at Kurunegala in t he ninet eent h cent ury. It s cry was like a boy being t ort ured and st rangled. He thought it was a nightjar of some type. Possible...

Nefilim

Etymology From the Hebrew (Semitic) root nfl (to fall), so it could mean those who fell or were cast down. Traditionally translated as giants because the adjacent text mentions men of great stature. Significant sighting According to the Bible, the Nefilim were on Earth when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. Possible explanations Despite much speculation, no one really knows what the name Ne filim refers to. Among the guesses are the aboriginal inhabitants of...

Sirrush

Semimythical Beast of the Middle East. Etymology Akkadian (Semitic) word, translated as dragon. Plural, sirrushu. The proper decipherment is now considered to be Mushush or Musrush (plural, mushushu or musrushu), glamorous snake. Physical description Covered with scales. Head like a snake's, with folds of skin. Single vertical horn on its head. Forked tongue. Long, maned neck. Front legs of a lion. Back legs of an eagle. Slender tail. Significant sightings This DRAGONlike animal appears on...

Set

Etymology Transliterated sts, from the Egyptian hieroglyphs. Set may have given rise to the Hebrew satan (adversary), the original derivation of the word Satan. Variant names Seth, Sutekh, Typhon (Greek). Physical description Doglike quadruped. Larger than a jackal. Reddish-brown color. Black face. Long, erect, squared-off ears. Curved, elongated snout. Forked, upraised tail. Behavior Nocturnal. Powerful and dangerous. Hunts in packs. Makes a loud noise. Has a foul odor. Eats meat and carrion....

Gambo

Etymology Coined by Karl Shuker after the name of the country, The Gambia. Variant name Kunthum belein (Mandinka word for dolphin, literally cutting jaws). Physical description Smooth, scaleless skin. Length, 15 feet. Width, 5 feet. Dark brown on top, white below. Dolphinlike head. Small, brown eyes. Jaws, 18 inches in length, with eighty sharp, conical, uniform teeth. No blowhole. Nostrils are at the tip of the jaws. Short neck. No dorsal fin. Four paddle-shaped flippers, each 18 inches long....

Beast of Bodalog

Unknown Snake or other mystery animal of Wales. Etymology After the Bodalog farm where the beast was seen. Behavior Nocturnal. Aquatic. Kills sheep by biting them just below the neck close to the sternum. Distribution River near Rhayader, Powys, Wales. Significant sighting By mid-October 1988, a mystery animal had killed thirty-five sheep on the Bodalog farm near Rhayader. It emerged from a nearby river at night, attacked the sheep, then returned to the river each time. Present status Only one...

Dingonek

Etymology Masai and Okiek (Nilo-Saharan) word. Variant names Ndamathia (Kikuyu Bantu), Ol-maima, Ol-umaina (Masai Nilo-Saharan). Physical description Length, 14-18 feet. Spotted like a leopard. Covered with scales. Head like an otter's or a lioness's. Small ears. Two straight, white tusks in the upper jaw. Short neck. Back is as broad as a hippo's. Short legs. Claws. Long, broad tail. Behavior Basks on logs or on riverbanks. Slips in the water when disturbed. Swims with only its head above the...

Goatman

Physical description Height, 6 feet. Covered with hair. Blazing red eyes. Lower body resembles a goat's. Behavior Bipedal. Makes a high-pitched squeal. Said to be responsible for mutilated pets. Habitat Country roads and forests. Distribution Prince George's and Calvert Counties, Maryland. Significant sightings Reverty Garner and his wife ran into a hairy wildman as they pulled into their driveway in Upper Marlboro, Maryland, on August 1, 1957. On November 3,...

Mokenbe

Dinosaur-like animal of West Africa, similar to the MoKEL-MbEMBE. Etymology Waci-Gbe (Kwa) word. Perhaps a contraction of Mokele-mbembe. Physical description Size of an elephant. Gray. Small head. Long neck. Long tail. Behavior Aquatic. Distribution Swampy western tributaries of the Oueme or Mekrou Rivers, Benin. Significant sighting Animal collector W. T. Roth heard stories about this animal in 1959 after his Waci guides refused to cross a swamp where it lived. Sources He Have Head for Trunk,...

Primorye Giant Snake

Unknown Snake of far eastern Siberia. Physical description Length, 15 30 feet. Dark color. some reports mention short legs. Distribution Vicinity of Samarga and Angu Rivers, northern Primor'ye Territory, Siberia, Russia. Significant sighting On their way to work at the Nikolayevskiy mines in 1984, workers saw a 30-foot serpent crossing a road. Source Paul Stonehill, Giant Serpents of the Russian Far East, Strange Magazine, no. 13 (Spring 1994) 29.

Water Tiger

Aquatic saber-toothed CAT of South America. Variant names Aypa, Entzaeia-yawa (Shuar Jivaroan), Maipolina, Mutant jaguar, Yaquaru. Physical description Size of a jaguar or slightly larger. Two large, protruding teeth. Fawn, yellowish, black, white, brown, or reddish unmarked coat. Bushy tail. Behavior Nocturnal. Attacks humans. Distribution French Guiana Colombia Morona-Santiago Province, Ecuador Amapa State, Brazil Paraguay southern Argentina. Significant sightings In the nineteenth century,...

Wildmen

In this category are included seventy-two types of human-sized (5 feet-6 feet 6 inches tall), hairy, bipedal humans that may represent the survival of hominid species other than modern Homo sapiens. A widespread tradition of such creatures exists on five continents, especially in Asia, which is home to more than half of the named varieties. North America is conspicuously absent, although it has GIANT HOMINIDS, Hairy Bipeds, and North American Apes in abundance. A surviving group of Neanderthals...

Ucumar

Etymology After its ululating call. Variant names Sachayoj, Ucu, Ukumar-zupai (in Tolar Grande). In Bolivia and Peru, the spectacled bear is known as Ucamari or Jucamari. Physical description Half man, half bear. Covered in long, black hair. Bearded. Small eyes. Large hands and feet. Opposed toes. Behavior Bipedal. Makes eerie, ululating calls (uhu, uhu) at night. Eats wild fruit and honey. Said to abduct women for breeding. Tracks Humanlike. Length, 17 inches....

Flying Humanoid

Paranormal winged entity found in many traditions worldwide. Variant names Alan, batsquatch, Chick-Charney, Ch'uan-t'ou (in China), Garuda, Gwrach-Y-Rhibyn, Harpy Houston bat man, Jersey Devil Mothman, Orang Bati, Owl-man, Popobawa, Sasabonsam, Springheel Jack, Tengu, Vietnamese flying lady. PP'hysical description A human being, either naked or clothed, flying through the air by means of wings most often described as batlike. Tracks Human. Distribution United States Bahamas Brazil Cornwall,...

Primates Unknown

Primates are an order of mammals (Order Primates) to which human beings and about 200 other living species belong. In general, they have round skulls containing brains that are large relative to body weight, high foreheads, eyes with stereoscopic vision, hands that can grasp and manipulate, fingers and toes with sensitive pads and nails instead of claws, mobile arms and ankles, and two mammary glands. Rocks in North America, Europe, and Asia from the Paleocene, 65-54 million years ago, are the...

Irizima

Dinosaur-like animal of Central Africa, similar to the MoKELE-MbEMBE. Etymology Unknown, the thing that may not be spoken of. Physical description Larger than a hippopotamus. Black. Long neck. Said to have rhinolike horns. Behavior Produces 3-foot-high waves in the water with its breathing. Distribution Lake Edward, in both the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda. Possible explanation A waterspout, suggested by E. A. Tempi e-Perkins. Sources Fulahn William Hichens , On the Trail of the...

Getqun

Etymology Na-Den word. GIANT ANACONDA reportedly killed by the Brazilian Boundary Commission in 1932. (William M. Rebsamen Fortean Picture Library) GIANT ANACONDA reportedly killed by the Brazilian Boundary Commission in 1932. (William M. Rebsamen Fortean Picture Library) Distribution Lake Iliamna, Alaska. Source Kyle Mizokami, Bigfoot-Like Figures in North American Folklore and Tradition, bigfoot-folklore.html.

Waracabra Tiger

Etymology After Waracabra, the Guyanese name for the Gray-winged trumpeter (Psophia crepitans), because of this bird's loud cry. Variant names Warracaba jaguar, Y'agamish-eri (Akawaio Carib). P hysical description Like the common jaguar but variable in size and color. Behavior Hunts in large packs of up to 100, unlike normal jaguars, which are solitary hunters. Howls loudly. Heard but rarely seen. Not afraid of fire. Hates water and dogs. Frightened by the barking of dogs. Significant sighting...

Bis Cobra

Behavior Its bite is said to be as venomous as twenty cobras. Unlike other lizards, it spits its venom. Distribution Northern India. Possible explanations (1) A harmless gecko (Eublepharis hardwickii) of east India and Bangladesh. The related Leopard gecko (E. macularius) also has a reputation in Pakistan as a venomous reptile. (2) A composite animal, a hybrid of poisonous snakes and harmless lizards. Source Sherman A. Minton Jr. and Madge Rutherford Minton, Venomous Reptiles (New York...

Australian Camel

A native population of camel, a Hoofed MamMAL, said to exist in Australia prior to 1840. Variant name Big one bullocky. Distribution Northern Territory, Australia. Significant sighting A solitary camel was occasionally seen by Aborigines in the north, perhaps as early as the 1830s. It was rumored to have been brought by an early white settler. Possible explanation It is possible that a few camels were brought to Australia prior to the beginning of official and typically strict importation...

Hoan Kiem Turtle

Giant freshwater turtle of Southeast Asia. Etymology Vietnamese (Austroasiatic), returned sword, after the legend by which the lake got its name. Scientific name Rafetus hoankiemensis, given by Ha Dinh Duc. Physical description Possibly the world's largest freshwater turtle. Length, 5 feet-6 feet 6 inches. Width, 3 feet. Weight, 440 pounds. Gray, mottled upper shell. Pinkish belly. Distribution Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam. Significant sightings The turtle's first appearance was around...

Isiququmadevu

Dinosaur-like animal of Central Africa, similar to the MOKELE-MBEMBE Etymology Lozi (Bantu) word. Variant names Ing'ondotuya, Lengol engol e, Lingongol e. Physical description Length, 20-40 feet. Larger than an elephant. Head is like a snake's. Long neck. Lizardl ike l egs. Behavior Amphibious. Tracks Makes wide furrows in the reeds and mud. Habitat Swamps, rivers. Distribution Zambezi River from the Barotse Floodplain to Victoria Falls, Zambia. Significant sightings Lewanika, king of...

Gargouille

Etymology French, gargler. Variant name Gargoyle. Physical description Serpentine. Scaly head. Slender snout. Eyes that gleam like moonstones. Long neck. Four membranous flippers. Behavior Shoots jets of water from its mouth. Lives in a cave on the riverbank. Capsizes boats. Eats people. Distribution Seine River in Normandy, France. Significant sighting A scaly monster emerged from the Seine River near Rouen, France, in the early seventh century and caused flooding...

Nguma Monene

Etymology Lingala (Bantu), large boa. Variant names Ngonde monene, Nyama monene, Yoli (Baka Ubangi). PP'hysical description Huge, serpentine lizard. Length, 30-50 feet. Body is 2-3 feet in diameter. Grayish-brown. Head and neck are snakelike. Forked tongue. Serrated ridge along the spine. Short legs. Behavior Amphibious. Moves rapidly through swamps. Eats birds and monkeys. Distribution Eastern Cameroon Motaba River, Republic of the Congo. Significant sightings...

Carolina Parakeet

Small Bird of the Parrot family (Psittacidae) in the southeastern United States, presumed extinct since 1918. Scientific name Conuropsis carolinensis, given by Tommaso Salvadori in 1891. Physical description Bright green plumage. Yellow head. Orange forehead and cheeks. Distribution Santee River, South Carolina Okefenokee Swamp, Georgia Okeechobee County, Florida. Significant sightings Henry Redding reported a flock of thirty parakeets near Fort Drum Creek, Florida, in 1920. In 1926, Charles E....

Bornean Tiger

Unrecognized big CAT of Southeast Asia. Significant sightings In the late 1990s, Erik Meijaard collected scattered evidence from the north, east, and interior of Borneo that tigers existed there in recent times. Tiger skins, skulls, and teeth are in the possession of some of the indigenous peoples, and sightings have occurred as recently as 1995. Possible explanations Either a remnant population of Tigers (Panthera tigris) has existed on the island since the Pleistocene or, at some point in the...

Rakshi Bompo

Alternate name for the Yeti of Central Asia. Etymology Tibetan Indo-Aryan hybrid word meaning powerful demon, according to Gordon Creighton. Rakshasa are Hindu demons from the Ramayana in some old epics, they were the pre-Aryan inhabitants of India. Ratkshi is a Nepali alcoholic drink made from rice or millet. Rag tse is Tibetan for stone. Bonpo was a priest of the religion of Tibet prior to Buddhism, often in charge of exorcisms. Variant name Ragshi. Physical description Height, 4-6 feet....

Horned Hare

Legendary Rabbit of West Asia, Europe, and the United States. Variant names Jackalope (in the United States, jackrabbit + antelope), Raurackl (Old German), Wolpertinger (in Bavaria). Physical description Rabbit with antlers or horns. Distribution Western and midwestern United States southern Germany West Asia. Significant sightings The horned Raurackl was generally known to Bavarian hunters of the sixteenth century and appeared in a contemporary print by Joris Hoefnagel. German naturalist Peter...

Caribbean Monk Seal

Nondescript Seal of the West Indies, presumed extinct since 1952. Scientific name Monachus tropicalis, given by Gray in 1850. Physical description Length, 7-8 feet. Brown on the back with a gray tinge. Behavior Approachable and unaggressive. Distribution Caribbean Sea, off Haiti and Jamaica. It formerly extended throughout the northern and western Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. Significant sightings Sixteen out of ninety-three Haitian and Jamaican fishermen interviewed in 1997 claimed to...

Three Starred Anglerfish

One of Beebe's Abyssal Fishes of the North Atlantic Ocean. Scientific name Bathyceratias trilynchus, given by William Beebe. Physical description Oval anglerfish. Length, 6 inches. Black. Three fishing rod antennae (illicia) on the head tipped with a pale-yellow light organ. Small eyes. Significant sighting Observed only once at 2,470 feet by William Beebe in a bathysphere off Bermuda in the early 1930s. Possible explanation Unknown species allied to the Angler fishes (Family Ceratiidae)....

Manipogo

Freshwater Monster of Manitoba, Canada. Etymology Named by Tom Locke in 1960, in imitation of Ogopogo. Variant name Manny. Physical description Serpentine. Length, 10-40 feet. Brownish-black upper body. At least one hump. Flat, diamond-shaped head. Behavior Bellows like a train whistle. Distribution Lake Manitoba, Manitoba. The animal's name is also used as a synonym for WinniPOGO in other Manitoban lakes. Significant sightings Louis Betecher and Eddie Nipanik saw a serpentine animal in the...

Wyoming Mummy

SMALL Hominid of western North America. Variant name Pedro. Physical description Height, 6.5 inches sitting 14 inches estimated total. Weight, 0.75 pound. Dark-brown, wrinkled skin. Gray head-hair. Flat head. Flat nose. Wide mouth with full lips. Pointed teeth. Thick arm-hair. Spatular fingernails. Distribution Pedro Mountains, Wyoming. Significant sighting In October 1932, two prospectors, C. Main and F. Carr, came across a small cave in the Pedro Mountains, Carbon County, Wyoming, in which a...

Horses Head

Physical description Length, 6-30 feet. Head is like a horse's. Behavior Swims swiftly. Travels on land between lakes. Tourists used to put cartons of cream in the water for the monster to drink. Distribution Baskatong Lake, Lac Bitobi, Lac Blue Sea, Lac-des-C dres, Lac Creux, Lac D sert, Gatineau River, Lac Pocknock, and Lac Trente-et-un-Milles, all in Qu bec. Significant sighting Around 1910, Olivier Garneau was fishing in Lac Blue Sea when he saw a...

Gassingram

Etymology Yulu (Nilo-Saharan) word, possibly incorrectly transcribed. Variant name Vassoko. Physical description Larger than a lion. Reddish-brown. Eyes glow at night like headlights. Small ears like a dog's. Long fangs that extend beyond its lips. Behavior Primarily nocturnal. Bellows like an elephant. Carnivorous. Carries off its prey to the mountains. Tracks Larger than a lion's. Habitat Caves in the mountains. Distribution Massif des Bongos, near Ouanda Djalle, Central African Republic....

Yeti

German Sheppard Coloring Pages

Etymology Sherpa or Newari (Sino-Tibetan) word. Said to be pronounced yeh-tay. Meaning and origin not established, though one derivation is rock animal yeh (snowy mountain or rocky area) + teh (animal). Another is that teh is the same as dred (bear). (Interestingly, in modern Tibetan, dred pa means contempt or disgust, as in Abominable SNOWMAN.) Te can be a particle attached to a verb and means when, after, thus, although, or forms a gerund (-ing) ye has the meaning of primordial or first. Yi...

Nakani

Cannibal Giant of northwestern North America. Etymology Chipewyan, Gwich'in, and Slavey (Na-Dene), bush man or bad Indian. Variant names Arulataq (Central Yupik Eskimo-Aleut, bellowing man), Brush man (Western Canada Gwich'in Na-Dene), Bushman, Enemy (Dogrib Na-Dene), Hairy man, Mahoni (in Peel River area, Yukon), Na'in, Nakentlia (Koyukon Na-Dene, sneaker), Nant'ina (Tanaina Na-Dene), Neginla-eh (Pacific Gulf Yupik Eskimo-Aleut, wood man), Nik'inla'eena, Nuk-luk, Tinjih-rui (black man),...

Bergmans Bear

Distinct variety or subspecies of brown Bear of East Asia. Physical description Black. Short fur. Exceedingly large. Weight, 1,100-2,500 pounds. Large skull. Tracks Size, 14.5 inches by 10 inches. Distribution Southern Kamchatka Peninsula, Siberia. Present status This giant variety is likely extinct. The last known specimen, a pelt from Ust'-Kamchatsk, was examined by Swedish zoologist Sten Bergman in 1920. Possible explanation Brown bears (Ursus arctos) vary considerably in appearance this may...

Mbielu MbieluMbielu

Unknown DlNOSAUR-like animal of Central Africa. Etymology Possibly Lingala (Bantu). P hysical description Has large planks growing out of its back, which is covered with green, algal growth. Behavior Almost always seen in water with its back protruding. Active in the late afternoon. Distribution Likouala River, Republic of the Congo. Significant sightings A Mbielu-mbielu-mbielu was seen near Epena at a place called Ikekesse. Green vegetable growth was visible on its back as it came out of the...

Wobo

Mystery tigerlike Cat of East Africa. Etymology Amharic (Semitic) word. Variant names Abu sotan (in Sudan), Beast of Bungoma (in Kenya), Mendelit (Tigrinya Semitic). PP'hysical description Larger than a lion. Yellow-brown or gray-brown color. Black blotches or stripes. Habitat Rocky mountains. Distribution Ethiopia and Sudan possibly western Kenya. Significant sightings Theodor von Heuglin was told in 1862 that a skin of this cat had hung for many years in the cathedral of Eifag. A mystery cat...

Mermaid

Fish-tailed MERBEING of the Atlantic Ocean. Etymology Middle English, mere (sea) + maide (maid). Variant names Merfolk (plural), Merman (for the male). Also Ben-varrey (Manx), Bocto-gai (Irish), Ceasg (Gaelic), Dinny-mara (Manx), Doinney varrey (Manx, for the male), Hav-MAND, Homen marinho (Portuguese), Liban, Maighdean mhara (Irish), Merrow (Irish), Mer-rymaid (in Cornwall, England), Mhaidan mhare (Scots Gaelic), Morgan (Breton, sea woman), Morverch (Breton, sea daughter), Muirgheilt (Irish),...

Giant Hyrax of Shaanxi

P hysical description A stocky quadruped with a head like a hyrax's, single hooves, and a short, hippopotamus-like tail. Distribution Shaanxi Province, China. Significant sighting Chinese bronze statuettes, at least one of which is from Shaanxi Province and dates from the Period of Warring States (403-221 b.c.), depict this animal. P ossible explanation P liohyrax, a hyrax about the size of a large pig that lived in China 2 million years ago, in the Late Pliocene. It is only known from fossil...

Kakundakari

Etymology Konjo, Nyanga, and Kanu (Bantu) word. Scientific name Congopithecus, proposed by Charles Cordier in July 1960 amended to Congopithecus cordieri by Heini Hediger in October 1960. Variant names Amajungi (Komo Bantu), KiKCMBA (possibly the male or adult of the species), Lisisingo (Poke Bantu), Mbatcha (Tembo Bantu), Niaka-ambuguza (Lega-Mwenga Bantu). Physical description Height, 2 3 feet. Gray skin. Covered with thin hair except for the face. Long, black head-hair shaped in pageboy...

Minhocao

Mystery Amphibian of Central and South America. Etymology Portuguese, giant earthworm. Variant names Mi ocao, Sierpe (snake, in Nicaragua). Physical description Serpentine. Length, up to 150 feet. Width, 15 feet. Black. Covered in thick, bony armored skin or scales. Two horns on its head. Piglike snout. Behavior Amphibious and subterranean. Knocks over trees, collapses roads, and creates new river channels with its burrowing in the ground. Most active after rainy weather. Overturns boats....

Ksy Gyik

Scientific name Primihomo asiaticus, proposed by V. A. Khakhlov in 1914. Etymology From the Kyrgyz (Turkic) kishi (man) + giik (wild or powerful). Variant names Kiik-adam, Kiik-kish, Kish-kiik, Kishi-kiyik. Physical description Height, 5 feet. Covered with dark-brown or yellowish, shaggy hair. Sloping forehead. Arched browridges. Small nose with large nostrils. Ears are large, lobeless, and backward-pointing. Massive lower jaw. No chin. A hump on the back of the neck. Long arms....

Giant Mediterranean Octopus

Large Cephaopod of the Mediterranean Sea. Physical description Octopus with arms longer than 10 feet. Distribution Mediterranean Sea off France and Greece. Significant sightings A large octopus might have inspired the Greek myths of the six-necked, twelve-footed, cave-dwelling sea creature Scylla that attacked Odysseus's crew in the Strait of Messina, Italy, or the nine-headed, serpentine Hydra that Herakles killed in the marshes of Lerna south of Argos in the Peloponnesus, Greece. An octopus...

Ground Shark

Physical description Larger than a great white shark, which has an average length of 14 feet. No prominent dorsal fin. Behavior Lies in wait for other fishes on the ocean floor. Said to be a man-eater. Distribution Timor Sea. Possible explanation A giant form of Wobbe-gong shark (Family Orectolobidae), suggested by Karl Shuker. The Spotted wobbegong (Orec-tolobus maculatus) inhabits Australasian waters and grows to 10 feet 6 inches. It feeds on the bottom but attacks waders and fishers in tidal...

Coromandel

Variant names Forest taniwah, Hairy moehau, Matau, Moehau monster, Toangina, Tu-uhourangi. Physical description Covered with red or silver hair. Distribution Coromandel Range, Waikato River, and Tongariro National Park, North Island, New Zealand Cameron Mountains, Mil-ford Wilderness, and Lake Wakatipu, South Island, New Zealand. Significant sightings In 1878, gold prospectors on Martha Hill in Waihi reported large, long-haired man-beasts carrying stone...

Challenger Deep Flatfish

A flat abyssal Fish of the North Pacific Ocean. Etymology Named after the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench. Physical description Solelike. Two distinct eyes. Habitat Visits or inhabits abyssal oceanic depths where no light penetrates. Distribution The Mariana Trench, east of Guam. Significant sighting On January 23, 1960, the bathyscaph Trieste, piloted by Jacques Piccard and Donald Walsh, reached a record depth of 35,800 feet (7 miles) in the Challenger Deep. As they touched down on the...

Mac Farlanes Bear

Unknown variety of Bear of northern Canada. Scientific name Vetularctos inopinatus, proposed by C. Hart Merriam in 1918. P hysical description Whit ish buff t o pale yellowish buff, dar kening t o pale r eddish br own on the underside. Broad head. Ears set like a dog's. Square, long muzzle. Teeth are unlike the brown bear's, presenting a combination of long canines and well-developed cusps with broadly flattened surfaces the cusps of the upper first and second molars are reduced, while the...

Chagljevi

The size of a puppy. Behavior Nocturnal. Afraid of humans. Distribution Montenegro Republic, Yugoslavia. Possible explanation The Golden jackal (Canis aureus) is still found in southeastern Eu rope, as far west as Italy and as far north as Austria. It stands 15-20 inches at the shoulder. Source Marcus Scibanicus, Strange Creatures from Slavic Folklore, North American BioFortean Review 3, no. 2 (October 2001) 56-63, http www.strangeark.com nabr NABR7.pdf.

Oldeani Monster

Scientific name Chamaeleo oldeanii, proposed by Peter Scott. Physical description Chameleon-like. Brown, with small red spots and a horizontal stripe across each flank. Small horn at the tip of its snout. Long tail. Distribution Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania. Significant sighting On February 25, 1962, Peter Scott and John and Jane Hunter saw a large chameleon in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area near Oldeani Peak, Tanzania. They captured it, and Scott took it back to England, where it...

Tsy AombyAomby

Etymology Malagasy (Austronesian), not cow cow perhaps from the Swahili (Bantu) si n'gombe, not cow. Variant names Kilopilopitsofy (floppy ears), Lalomena, MANGARSAHOC, Omby-rano (water cow, in Mainarivo District), Railalom-ena (ancestor of the hippopotamus), Son-gomby, Tsomgomby. Physical description Looks like a water buffalo without a hump like a hippopotamus or like a cow, horse, or mule without horns or cloven hooves. Size of a cow. Dark skin. Some...

Montana Nessie

Physical description Apparently, two types of animal are involved. Large animal Eel-shaped. Length, 20-40 feet. Brown to bluish-black. Head like a snake's. Distinctive, steel-black eyes. Dorsal fin sometimes reported. Small animal Like a large fish. Length, 6-10 feet. Behavior Swims on the surface with vertical undulations. Often seen cavorting in the water, which could be either playfulness or feeding behavior. Distribution Flathead Lake, Montana. Significant sightings In 1889, Capt. James C....

Patagonian Plesiosaur

Physical description Long neck like a swan's, held high above the water. Behavior Nocturnal. Can travel on land. Distribution The lake region of Chubut Province, Argentina, including Lago Blanco the adjacent region of Chile. Significant sightings The director of the Jard n Zool gico at Buenos Aires, Clemente onelli, interviewed a farmer who lived on Lago Blanco in 1897 about strange, nocturnal noises heard along the lake's pebbly shore. A long-necked animal could sometimes be seen on moonlit...

Pygmy Elephant

Scientific names Elephas africana pumilio, given by Theodore Noack in 1906 Elephas fransseni, given by Henri Schouteden in 1914. These designations have changed to Loxodonta a. pumilio and L. fransseni with the taxonomic switch of African elephants from Elephas to Loxodonta a few years later. Variant names Abele (Kari Bantu), Esemasa, Essala (in Central African Republic), Kowuru, Lokpaka (in southern Cameroon), M'bakiri (Banda Ubangi), Messala (in Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo),...

Yunwi Tsunsdi

Little People of the southeastern United States. Variant names Tsundige'wi, Yunwee chuns dee. Physical description Height, 2 feet. Black hair reaches to the ground. Behavior Scoops out nests in sand and lines them with grass. Speaks Cherokee or an unknown dialect. Eats pigeons, tiny deer, and wild plums. Wears primitive clothes. Likes to play drums and dance. Habitat Rock slides, thickets, bluffs, and mountain balds. Distribution Northern Georgia western North Carolina. Sources James Mooney,...

Almasti

Etymology Kabardian (Circassian) word, said to mean forest man. Seemingly derivative of the Mongolian Almas possibly borrowed from the Mongolian-speaking Kalmyks to the north in Kalmykia. Variant names Almasty, Gubganana (for the female). Physical description Height, 5-6 feet. Weight, up to 500 pounds. Reddish, shaggy body-hair. Long, tangled head-hair. Slanted and reddish eyes. Flattened nose. Prominent cheekbones. Receding lower jaw. Females have breasts. Short, bowed legs. Splayed feet....

Surrey Puma

Etymology A newspaper term coined in August 1964 when a large cat was reported in the Farnham and Odiham area on the Surrey-Hampshire border. Physical description Pumalike big cat. Length, 3-6 feet. Shoulder height, 2 feet 6 inches-3 feet. Gold, beige, reddish, or black in color. Large paws. Tail, 2 feet 6 inches long. Behavior Usually nocturnal. Has a strong odor of ammonia. Makes screaming or hissing sounds. Dogs and foxes are terrified of it. Kills both...

Morgawr

Probably coined by Noel Wain of the Falmouth Packet in 1976. Physical description Length, 17-20 feet. Gray skin. Long neck. Several large humps. Long tail. Behavior Said (by Tony Shiels) to be attracted to naked women, especially young Wiccans. Distribution Cornwall, England, especially Falmouth Bay. Significant sightings On August 3, 1906, officers Spicer and Cuming of the American transatlantic liner St. Andrew saw a sea monster with a head 18 feet long and...

Indonesialake Tawuti

Former king Jigme Dorji Wangchuck saw a white, fast-swimming animal in a lake in this park. Desmond Doig, Bhutan, National Geographic 120 (September 1961) 384, 391-392. Lake Changhai Long Lake , Sichuan Province. A Chinese scientist saw a 10-foot miracle animal with a horse's head and a huge body on October 12, 1984. Janet and Colin Bord, Unexplained Mysteries of the 20th Century (Chicago Contemporary Books, 1989), p. 355 UNEP-WCMC, Protected Areas Programme,...

Kaptar

Etymology Avar (North East Caucasian) word. Variant names Kara-pishik, Keetar, Kheeter, Meshe-adam (Azerbaijani Turkic, forest man), Tukhli-adam, Veshshi-adam. Physical description Height, 5-7 feet. Covered in 1-inch-long hair. Color varies from reddish-brown in smaller individuals to dark brown, dark gray, black, and silvered. Head-hair reaches to shoulders. Only slightly hairy on the face. Wide shoulders. Slightly stoop-shouldered. Long arms. Palms and soles free of hair. Fingers thick and...

Mourou Ngou

Etymology Banda (Ubangi), water leopard. The name is also used for the Giant otter shrew (Potomogale velox), an aquatic insectivore nearly 2 feet long. Variant names Muru-ngu, Nze-ti-gou (Sango Creole, water leopard), Ze-ti-ngu. Physical description Shaped like a leopard. Length, about 8-12 feet. Brownish, striped, or dappled with blue and white spots. Small head. Glowing eyes. Large fangs. Tail like a leopard's, though hairier. Behavior Amphibious. Nocturnal. Roaring cry like a strong wind....

Piasa

Piasa Monster

Legendary BIRD depicted in a petroglyph on a bluff by the Mississippi River in Illinois. Etymology Illini (Algonquian) word of unknown derivation. Similar to the Cree (Algonquian) piyesiw (thunderbird) and the Ojibwa (Algonquian) binesi (large bird). In Kickapoo (Algonquian), peisa means cat to the Miami and Peoria (Algonquian), paisa means dwarf, while to the Meskawki (Algonquian), paia'shi-wuk were Little People. An alternative suggestion is from the French paillissa (palisade), meaning the...

Kooloo Kamba

Etymology Mbama (Bantu), either from n'koula (chimpanzee) or from its call kooloo + kamba (speak). Scientific name Pan troglodytes koolokamba, given by W. C. Osman-Hill in 1967. Variant names Choga, Dedieka, Ebot (Bulu Bantu), Itsena, Koolakamba, Koula-nguia (Kele Bantu, koula chimpanzee + nguia gorilla), Koulou-nguira, Kulu-kampa, Kulu-kanba, N'tchego, Sipandjee. Physical description Larger than a normal chimpanzee. Cranium is larger than a chimpanzee's, with some cresting. Ebony-black,...

Beruang Rambai

Etymology Land Dayak (Austronesian), long-haired bear, the common name for the sun bear. Variant name Bali djakai (Lawangan Aus-tronesian, demon). Physical description Robust body. Shoulder height, 4 feet. Height standing erect, 6 feet. Covered in black hair. Bullet-shaped head. Bull neck. Hair on arms and thighs is 3 inches long. Thick legs. Behavior Walks on all fours. Stands on its hind legs occasionally. Beats its chest. Tracks Both humanlike and bearlike. Distribution Central Kalimantan,...

Deep Sea Spider

Mystery Invertebrate of the South Pacific Ocean. Physical description Triangular fore body, 0.52 inches in lengt h. Hind body, 2 inches long, separat ed from t he front by a narrow waist. Five pairs of jointed appendages on the fore body. The first pair seems t o be used as feelers. The second pair is very long and carried high above t he body. The last t hree pairs are walking legs. Significant sighting During t he first Dist ur-bance and Recolonizat ion Experiment in a Manganese Nodule Area...

Nzefu Loi

Etymology Luba (Bantu), water elephant. Physical description Nearly the size of a hippopotamus. Long neck. Short and heavy ivory tusks. Hairy tail like a horse's. Behavior Amphibious. Formerly hunted by the Baluba people using special traps. Distribution Lakes near the Lualaba River between Bukama and Kaniamba, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Possible explanations (1) The aquatic variety of the PYGMY Elephant, suggested by Bernard Heuvelmans. (2) A surviving saber-toothed cat, also suggested...

Moolgewanke

Alternate name for the Bunyip of Australia. Etymology Australian word. Physical description Half man and half fish. Has a matted crop of reeds instead of hair. Behavior Call is a booming sound. Distribution Lake Alexandrina, South Australia. (1) The booming calls might be the cry of the Brown bittern (Botaurus poiciloptilus). (2) Episodic explosions like guns firing have been heard in at least three seismically active parts of Australia near Kooroocheang, Victoria in Western Australia and along...

Nandi Bear

A ferocious mystery animal of East Africa, variously described as a PRIMATE, a HYENA, or a Bear. Etymology Named after the Nandi people, a Kalenjin-speaking group who live in the area around Kapsabet in Kenya's Rift Valley, where the animal has been widely reported. One of the first sightings by a European was made by Geoffrey Williams, who compared the creature he saw to a bear. The animals reported in subsequent descriptions were much less bearlike. Variant names Booaa, Chemisit, Duba...

Lophenteropneust

Unknown Invertebrate of the South Pacific Ocean. Etymology Greek, ridged enteropneust. Scientific name Lophenteropneusta, given by Henning Lemche. Physical description Length, 2-4 inches. Cylindrical, translucent body. A ring of tentacles surrounds the mouth. Terminal anus. Tracks Spirals and loops of fecal strings. Significant sightings In 1962, the Scripps Institute of Oceanography's Proa Expedition in the research vessel Spencer F. Baird took some 4,000 photos of the sea bottom in five...

Cetaceans Unknown

Whales, dolphins, and porpoises belong to the Order Cetacea, a group of mammals that have completely adopted an aquatic existence. They have streamlined, hairless bodies with two front flippers, no hind legs, a muscular tail for propulsion, and a blowhole at the top of the head for breathing. There are two main types The Toothed whales (Odontocetes) include dolphins, porpoises, sperm whales, the beluga, the narwhal, and beaked whales the toothless Baleen whales (Mysticetes) include the...

Venezuelan Monitor

Physical description Large monitor lizard. Distribution Galeras de El Pao, in Guarico and Cojedes States, Venezuela near Angel Falls, Bolivar State, Venezuela the Cerro Santa Ana, Peninsula de Paraguana, Falcon State, Venezuela. Significant sightings A prospector from Caracas told ecologist L on Croizat in 1972 that a large lizard resembling a Komodo dragon lived in the Galeras de El Pao. Herpetologist J. B. Graham saw a large, unknown lizard near the base of...

Thai Mammoth

Physical description Elephant with long hair on its back and around the tusks. Distribution Northwestern Thailand. Significant sighting Thai princess Rangsrino-padorn Yukol took some blurry aerial photographs of a herd of twenty-eight elephants in the Omkoi District of northwestern Thailand during a forestry survey by helicopter in 1984. She characterized the animals as surviving mammoths. Present status An expedition announced by the princess in December 2000 was called off at the request of...

Five Lined Constellation Fish

One of Beebe's Abyssal Fishes of the North Atlantic Ocean. Scientific name Bathysidus pentagrammus, given by William Beebe. Physical description Roundish body. Five lines of purple and yellow photophores on the sides. Large eyes. Small pectoral fins. Distribution North Atlantic Ocean. Significant sighting Observed only once at 1,900 feet by William Beebe in a bathysphere off Bermuda in the early 1930s. Possible explanation Carl Hubbs thought Beebe had seen a mass of jellyfish distorted by the...

Neo Giant

Sanderson for GIANT Hominids, including the Dzu-Teh, Bigfoot, Sisemite, and Mapinguari. Neo-giant is also the name used by Mark A. Hall to distinguish Bigfoot from the Shorter Hominid, the Taller Hominid, and the True Giant. Physical description Average height, 7 feet. Tracks Length, 10-20 inches. Width, 3-9 inches. Has an hourglass shape. Toes are roughly the same size. The ball behind the big toe is split. The toes are positioned obliquely on the foot, slanting from big...

Irkuiem

Etymology Koryak or Chukot (Chukotko-Kamchatkan), trousers pulled down. Variant names Irquiem, Kainyn-kutkho (god-bear). Physical description General shape of a polar bear. Shoul der height, 4 feet 7 inches. Weight, more than 2,000 pounds. White coat. Narrow body. Small head. Long forelegs. A bulge of fat hangs down between the short hind legs. Behavior Does not run but is said to move by throwing down its front l egs and heaving the hind legs forward to meet them. Said to cross the Chukchi Sea...

How to Use This Book

My first brush with cryptozoology was in 1960 when I read On the Track of Unknown Animals by Belgian zoologist Bernard Heuvelmans. It was a life-changing experience. Heuvelmans's masterful scientific, historical, and literary sleuthing in quest of elusive fauna was both exciting and scholarly he seemed a combination of Sherlock Holmes and The Lost World's Professor Challenger. His volume prodded my ten-year-old brain to take a keen interest in not only science and history but also different...

Oil Pit Squid

Length, 6-8 inches. Diameter, 1 inch. Grayish-red color. Tentacles. Habitat Oil-emulsion pits containing antifreeze, stripper, oil, and chemicals used in manufacturing plastic automobile bumpers. Distribution Anderson, indiana. Significant sighting On November 15, 1996, workers cleaning out a sludge pit at the GMC Delphi Interior and Lighting plant in Anderson, Indiana, found many squidlike animals swimming in the toxic liquid. One of the animals was caught and...

Gopogo

Freshwater Monster of British Columbia, Canada. Etymology From a British music hall hit The Ogo-Pogo, written in 1924 by Cumberland Clark with music by Mark Strong and made famous by Davy Burnaby. At a luncheon on August 23, 1926, W. H. Brimblecombe of Vernon, British Columbia, sang a parody written by H. F. Beattie that was modified to incorporate some characteristics of the Okanagan Lake monster. Ronald Kenvyn of the Vancouver Daily Province declared Ogopogo its official name on August 24,...

Genaprugwirion

Etymology From Welsh genau (mouth) + pryf (insect) + gwirion (silly) silly insect-eater ( ). Variant name Cenaprugwirion. Physical description Length, 12 inches. Muddy-brown color. Head is the size of an orange. Pronounced dewlap. Long tongue. Behavior Rolls its eyes continually. Lives in a burrow, poking its head out to catch flies or insects. Distribution Aber Soch, Lleyn Peninsula, Gwynedd, Wales. Present status Now rare but said to be common long ago. (1) Naturalized population of a...

Canadian Alligator

Variant name Pitt Lake Lizard. Physical description Length, usually 5-10 feet, wit h a maximum of 20 feet. Relat ively smooth, dark skin. Horns or ears are sometimes report ed. Long snout. Jaws 12 inches long. Four legs, 10 inches long. Behavior Aquatic but seen on land occasionally. Distribution Pit t Lake, Koot enay Lake, Chill-iwack Lake, Cult us Lake, Nitinat Lake, and the Fraser River, in British Columbia. Significant sightings On October 10, 1900,...

Beast of Gvaudan

An enigmatic Dog, wolf, or Hyena of south-central France. Etymology G vaudan was the old name for an area that roughly corresponds to the modern department of Loz re, France. Physical description Bigger than a wolf. Reddish color. Large head. Small, pointed, upright ears. Muzzle like a greyhound dog's. Wide, gray chest. Black streaks on the back. Hind legs are longer than forelegs. Cropped tail. Behavior Active in the daytime. Said to be able to leap a distance of 28 feet and stand on its hind...

Shamanu

Scientific name Canis lupus hodophilax, given by C. J. Temminck in 1839. Variant names Hondo wolf, Honshu wolf, Japanese wolf, Nihon okami. Physical description Like the gray wolf but smaller. Length, 2 feet 9 inches. Ash-gray or beige color. Short ears. Shoulder height, 14 inches. Short legs. Black tail tip. Distribution Nara Prefecture and the Chichibu-Tama National Park in Saitama Prefecture, Honshu, Japan. Significant sightings On October 14, 1996, Hiroshi Yagi took nineteen photographs of...

Stellers Sea

A large SIRENIAN of the North Pacific Ocean, presumed extinct since 1768. Scientific name Hydrodamalis gigas, given by Eberhard Zimmerman in 1780. Variant name Kapustnik (Russian, cabbage-eater). Physical description Length, 20-26 feet. Weight, up to 10 metric tons. Tough, dark-brown skin. Rotund body. Small head. No functional teeth. Bilobate tail. Behavior Average submergence time, four to five minutes. Strictly a seaweed-eater. Distribution Gulf of Anadyr, Siberia Commander Islands in the...