Moolgewanke

Alternate name for the Bunyip of Australia. Etymology Australian word. Physical description Half man and half fish. Has a matted crop of reeds instead of hair. Behavior Call is a booming sound. Distribution Lake Alexandrina, South Australia. (1) The booming calls might be the cry of the Brown bittern (Botaurus poiciloptilus). (2) Episodic explosions like guns firing have been heard in at least three seismically active parts of Australia near Kooroocheang, Victoria in Western Australia and along...

Nandi Bear

A ferocious mystery animal of East Africa, variously described as a PRIMATE, a HYENA, or a Bear. Etymology Named after the Nandi people, a Kalenjin-speaking group who live in the area around Kapsabet in Kenya's Rift Valley, where the animal has been widely reported. One of the first sightings by a European was made by Geoffrey Williams, who compared the creature he saw to a bear. The animals reported in subsequent descriptions were much less bearlike. Variant names Booaa, Chemisit, Duba...

Lophenteropneust

Unknown Invertebrate of the South Pacific Ocean. Etymology Greek, ridged enteropneust. Scientific name Lophenteropneusta, given by Henning Lemche. Physical description Length, 2-4 inches. Cylindrical, translucent body. A ring of tentacles surrounds the mouth. Terminal anus. Tracks Spirals and loops of fecal strings. Significant sightings In 1962, the Scripps Institute of Oceanography's Proa Expedition in the research vessel Spencer F. Baird took some 4,000 photos of the sea bottom in five...

Cetaceans Unknown

Whales, dolphins, and porpoises belong to the Order Cetacea, a group of mammals that have completely adopted an aquatic existence. They have streamlined, hairless bodies with two front flippers, no hind legs, a muscular tail for propulsion, and a blowhole at the top of the head for breathing. There are two main types The Toothed whales (Odontocetes) include dolphins, porpoises, sperm whales, the beluga, the narwhal, and beaked whales the toothless Baleen whales (Mysticetes) include the...

Venezuelan Monitor

Physical description Large monitor lizard. Distribution Galeras de El Pao, in Guarico and Cojedes States, Venezuela near Angel Falls, Bolivar State, Venezuela the Cerro Santa Ana, Peninsula de Paraguana, Falcon State, Venezuela. Significant sightings A prospector from Caracas told ecologist L on Croizat in 1972 that a large lizard resembling a Komodo dragon lived in the Galeras de El Pao. Herpetologist J. B. Graham saw a large, unknown lizard near the base of...

Thai Mammoth

Physical description Elephant with long hair on its back and around the tusks. Distribution Northwestern Thailand. Significant sighting Thai princess Rangsrino-padorn Yukol took some blurry aerial photographs of a herd of twenty-eight elephants in the Omkoi District of northwestern Thailand during a forestry survey by helicopter in 1984. She characterized the animals as surviving mammoths. Present status An expedition announced by the princess in December 2000 was called off at the request of...

Five Lined Constellation Fish

One of Beebe's Abyssal Fishes of the North Atlantic Ocean. Scientific name Bathysidus pentagrammus, given by William Beebe. Physical description Roundish body. Five lines of purple and yellow photophores on the sides. Large eyes. Small pectoral fins. Distribution North Atlantic Ocean. Significant sighting Observed only once at 1,900 feet by William Beebe in a bathysphere off Bermuda in the early 1930s. Possible explanation Carl Hubbs thought Beebe had seen a mass of jellyfish distorted by the...

Neo Giant

Sanderson for GIANT Hominids, including the Dzu-Teh, Bigfoot, Sisemite, and Mapinguari. Neo-giant is also the name used by Mark A. Hall to distinguish Bigfoot from the Shorter Hominid, the Taller Hominid, and the True Giant. Physical description Average height, 7 feet. Tracks Length, 10-20 inches. Width, 3-9 inches. Has an hourglass shape. Toes are roughly the same size. The ball behind the big toe is split. The toes are positioned obliquely on the foot, slanting from big...

Irkuiem

Etymology Koryak or Chukot (Chukotko-Kamchatkan), trousers pulled down. Variant names Irquiem, Kainyn-kutkho (god-bear). Physical description General shape of a polar bear. Shoul der height, 4 feet 7 inches. Weight, more than 2,000 pounds. White coat. Narrow body. Small head. Long forelegs. A bulge of fat hangs down between the short hind legs. Behavior Does not run but is said to move by throwing down its front l egs and heaving the hind legs forward to meet them. Said to cross the Chukchi Sea...

How to Use This Book

My first brush with cryptozoology was in 1960 when I read On the Track of Unknown Animals by Belgian zoologist Bernard Heuvelmans. It was a life-changing experience. Heuvelmans's masterful scientific, historical, and literary sleuthing in quest of elusive fauna was both exciting and scholarly he seemed a combination of Sherlock Holmes and The Lost World's Professor Challenger. His volume prodded my ten-year-old brain to take a keen interest in not only science and history but also different...

Oil Pit Squid

Length, 6-8 inches. Diameter, 1 inch. Grayish-red color. Tentacles. Habitat Oil-emulsion pits containing antifreeze, stripper, oil, and chemicals used in manufacturing plastic automobile bumpers. Distribution Anderson, indiana. Significant sighting On November 15, 1996, workers cleaning out a sludge pit at the GMC Delphi Interior and Lighting plant in Anderson, Indiana, found many squidlike animals swimming in the toxic liquid. One of the animals was caught and...

Gopogo

Freshwater Monster of British Columbia, Canada. Etymology From a British music hall hit The Ogo-Pogo, written in 1924 by Cumberland Clark with music by Mark Strong and made famous by Davy Burnaby. At a luncheon on August 23, 1926, W. H. Brimblecombe of Vernon, British Columbia, sang a parody written by H. F. Beattie that was modified to incorporate some characteristics of the Okanagan Lake monster. Ronald Kenvyn of the Vancouver Daily Province declared Ogopogo its official name on August 24,...

Genaprugwirion

Etymology From Welsh genau (mouth) + pryf (insect) + gwirion (silly) silly insect-eater ( ). Variant name Cenaprugwirion. Physical description Length, 12 inches. Muddy-brown color. Head is the size of an orange. Pronounced dewlap. Long tongue. Behavior Rolls its eyes continually. Lives in a burrow, poking its head out to catch flies or insects. Distribution Aber Soch, Lleyn Peninsula, Gwynedd, Wales. Present status Now rare but said to be common long ago. (1) Naturalized population of a...

Canadian Alligator

Variant name Pitt Lake Lizard. Physical description Length, usually 5-10 feet, wit h a maximum of 20 feet. Relat ively smooth, dark skin. Horns or ears are sometimes report ed. Long snout. Jaws 12 inches long. Four legs, 10 inches long. Behavior Aquatic but seen on land occasionally. Distribution Pit t Lake, Koot enay Lake, Chill-iwack Lake, Cult us Lake, Nitinat Lake, and the Fraser River, in British Columbia. Significant sightings On October 10, 1900,...

Beast of Gvaudan

An enigmatic Dog, wolf, or Hyena of south-central France. Etymology G vaudan was the old name for an area that roughly corresponds to the modern department of Loz re, France. Physical description Bigger than a wolf. Reddish color. Large head. Small, pointed, upright ears. Muzzle like a greyhound dog's. Wide, gray chest. Black streaks on the back. Hind legs are longer than forelegs. Cropped tail. Behavior Active in the daytime. Said to be able to leap a distance of 28 feet and stand on its hind...

Shamanu

Scientific name Canis lupus hodophilax, given by C. J. Temminck in 1839. Variant names Hondo wolf, Honshu wolf, Japanese wolf, Nihon okami. Physical description Like the gray wolf but smaller. Length, 2 feet 9 inches. Ash-gray or beige color. Short ears. Shoulder height, 14 inches. Short legs. Black tail tip. Distribution Nara Prefecture and the Chichibu-Tama National Park in Saitama Prefecture, Honshu, Japan. Significant sightings On October 14, 1996, Hiroshi Yagi took nineteen photographs of...

Stellers Sea

A large SIRENIAN of the North Pacific Ocean, presumed extinct since 1768. Scientific name Hydrodamalis gigas, given by Eberhard Zimmerman in 1780. Variant name Kapustnik (Russian, cabbage-eater). Physical description Length, 20-26 feet. Weight, up to 10 metric tons. Tough, dark-brown skin. Rotund body. Small head. No functional teeth. Bilobate tail. Behavior Average submergence time, four to five minutes. Strictly a seaweed-eater. Distribution Gulf of Anadyr, Siberia Commander Islands in the...

Super Otter

A category of SEA MONSTER identified by Bernard Heuvelmans. Scientific names Hyperhydra egedei, given by Heuvelmans in 1965 modified to Hyperhydra norvegica by Lars Thomas in 1996. Physical description Elongated, otterlike shape but may show six to seven bends. Length, 65-100 feet. Uniform light or grayish-brown. Skin appears rough or wrinkled. Long head, flat on top and tapering toward the snout. Small eyes. Teeth often seen. Slender neck of medium length. Two pairs of webbed feet with...

Jungli Admi

Multipurpose name for the Yeti , Hindu ascetics, or any group of people living in the mountains of Central Asia. Etymology From the Urdu (Indo-Aryan) jan-gli (wild) + admi (man). Behavior Said to use a bow and arrow. Distribution Nepal Bhutan Sikkim Province, northern India. Significant sighting In May 1940, C. Reginald Cooke and his wife, Margaret, were on the Sikkim-Nepal border at an altitude of 14,000 feet when they found and took photographs of tracks in the ground made by a heavy creature...

Double Banded Argus

Scientific name Argusianus bipunctatus, proposed by T. W. Wood in 1871. Placed in the same genus as the Great argus of Indonesia. Physical description Has two reddish-brown bands with white dots on its primary feather, instead of one band. Distribution Java in Indonesia or Tioman Island, Johor State, Malaysia. Significant sighting Pheasant of uncertain origin, known from a single feather in the British Museum of Natural History. Possible explanations (1) Surviving fossil pheasant of some type....

Windigo

Originally, a Native American name for a Cannibal Giant in northern North America. Now more commonly known as a supposed psychological compulsion to eat human flesh, said to occur among the Algonquian peoples of Canada and called Windigo psychosis. The craving is said to be brought on by desperate cannibalism during a famine. The reality of this syndrome has been challenged, though the condition may in fact have been used in the past as an excuse to expel or execute an outcast. In recent...

Phoenix Chinese

One of the four sacred animals of Chinese mythology. Variant names Feng-huang (Chinese Sino-Tibetan), U-feng. Physical description The plumage consists of the five fundamental colors of black, white, red, green, and yellow. The head is like a pheasant's or rooster's. Large beak like a parrot's. Back like a tortoise's. Body like a mandarin duck's. The male is said to have three legs. Long tufts of display feathers are like a peacock's. In more recent accounts, the...

Wudewasa

WlLDMAN of Europe, often depicted in medieval art, sculpture, heraldry, drama, pageantry, and allegorical fiction. Etymology Old English, wood man, from wold (forest) + wasan (being). An alternative suggestion is that wasa derives from vu'assar (from Asia). The English surnames Wood-house and Wodehouse are said to originate from this word. Variant names Callicantzari (Greek), Fangge (in the Alps), Fanke, Green man, Grendel, Gru-agach (Irish), Hazessa (Saxon), Holzmoia (German), Holzwib, Homine...

Madagascan Hawk Moth Giant

Undiscovered insect (Invertebrate) of Madagascar. Scientific name Xanthopan sp. Physical description Hawk moth with a 16-inch proboscis. Distribution Lake It asy, Madagascar. Possible explanation The epiphyt ic Madagascan orchid Angraecum longicalcar has a rostrel-lum about 16 inches deep that leads to its nec-t ar -pr oducing or gans. No known local mot h has a proboscis that long. However, entomologist Gene Krit sky pr edict s t hat one must exist, since t he plant manages to pr opagat e it...

Nessie

Freshwater Monster of Loch Ness, Scotland. Etymology From the Gaelic an Niseag, a feminine diminutive derived from the name of the loch. It probably originated with the 1933 sightings. The term Loch Ness monster may first have been used by Evan Barron, editor of the Inverness Courier, in a May 2, 1933, story. Scientific name Nessiteras rhombopteryx, given by Peter Scott and Robert Rines in 1975 and based on the underwater photographs of 1972 and 1975. The name means the Ness wonder with the...

Werewolf

Canine or vulpine Entity of Europe and North America. Although only of tangential relevance, the Werewolf nonetheless crops up with some frequency in cryptozoological literature, as a folk explanation for Alien Big Dogs or the Beast OF Gevaudan or as a source of confusion with sightings of paranormal-looking Hairy Bipeds. Etymology From the Old English wer (man) + wulf (wolf'), derived from the Greek lycanthropos (wolf-man). Adam Douglas argues, however, that the were- prefix comes from the Old...

Yowie

Etymology From the Yuwaalaraay (Australian) yuwi (dream spirit). Listed in old Aboriginal glossaries as ghost or dream spirit. Variations of the term have been used along the New South Wales coast since the 1930s. The Mulgoa and Burragorang peoples referred to the hairy giants as Yowies in the 1960s. Variant names Australian bush ape, Bugaloo (in Tasmania), Dulugal, Gooligah (in New South Wales), Hairy man, JlNGARA, Koy-orowen, Makoron koro (in Tasmania), Moolu-wonk (in South Australia),...

Storsjoodjuret

Physical description Serpentine. Length, 10-45 feet. Width, 3-4 feet. Shiny skin, greenish to grayish. Round head like a cat's or a dog's, 3 feet wide. Reports from the nineteenth century describe a horselike head with a long, white mane. Large, dark eyes. Long, sail-like ears (or dorsal crest) that it presses back against its neck. Long, flickering tongue. Neck, 8-10 feet long. Multiple humps. Two pairs of stumpy legs or fins. Powerful tail. Behavior Most...

Giant Hominids

In this category are humanlike, hairy creatures that are described as 6 feet 6 inches tall or greater. Their bipedal gait, appearance, and behavior indicate a closer relationship to humans (hcminids) than to the apes (primates). The only known fossil that comes close to giant status is Gigantopithecus, a huge ape first recognized by Dutch anthropologist G. H. R. von Koenigswald from a single molar he purchased in a Hong Kong pharmacy in 1935. Since then, more than 1,000 other teeth and a few...

Gigantic Octopus

A huge Cephalopod of the North Atlantic Ocean. Scientific names Octopus giganteus, given by Addison E. Verrill in 1897 Otoctopus giganteus, proposed by Michel Raynal in 1986. Distribution From the east coast of Florida to Bermuda, Belize, and south Texas. Significant sightings On November 30, 1896, a huge carcass was found washed up on Anastasia Beach, near St. Augustine, Florida. DeWitt Webb, a local medical doctor, examined and took several photographs of it. The specimen was 20 feet long, 4...

Mediterranean Giant Snake

Physical description Length, 6 33 feet. Green. Distribution Southern Spain southern France northern and central Italy Greece Serbia. Significant sightings On July 22, 1969, a 7-foot, green snake caused a traffic accident when it crossed a road near Chinchilla de Monte Arag n, Albicete Province, Spain. A 6-foot snake with a huge head was seen several times on a farm in Orihuela, Alicante Province, Spain, in June 1970. A monstrous serpent with a mane and a head like a baby's was seen in July 1973...

Hungarian Reedwolf

Scientific names Canis lupus minor, given by M. Mojsisovics in 1887 Canis aureus hungari-cus, renamed by Gyula fihik in 1938. Variant name Rohrwolf (German). Physical description Like a small wolf. Distribution Hungary eastern Austria. Present status Apparently became extinct in the early twentieth century. Some museum specimens exist. (1) A diminutive subspecies of Gray wolf (Canis lupus), first suggested by M. Mojsisovics and now the generally accepted identification. (2) A large Golden...

Beast of Exmoor

British Big Cat of southwestern England. Physical description Large, black cat or dog. Length, 3 feet 4 feet 6 inches. Shoulder height, 2 feet 6 inches. White markings on the head and neck. Squat head. Short neck. Powerful, muscular body. Short legs. Behavior Nocturnal. Moves rapidly from cover to cover. Kills sheep by breaking the neck at the second vertebra or crushing the skull. Tracks Large, doglike prints, 4 inches across. Smaller tracks may be a female's. Distribution Exmoor, in the...

Ivory Billed Woodpecker

Large Bird of the Woodpecker family (Picidae) in the southern United States and Cuba, presumed extinct. Scientific names Campephilus principalis principalis (in United States), given by Carl von Linn in 1758 C. p. bairdii (in Cuba), given by John Cassin in 1863. PP'hysical description Length, 20 inches. Tall, scarl et crest (mal es) bl ack crest (femal es). White bill. White stripes on either side of the neck. Large patches of white on the wings. Behavior Feeds on wood-boring beetle larvae that...

Dragon British

Snakelike monster of the British Isles see Semi-mythical Beasts. Variant names Amphiptere, Knucker (from Old English Nicor), Nykur Weish Winged Snake, Worm, Wyvern. Physical description Serpentine. Slimy body. Black, red, yellow, or white. Red eyes. Forked tongue. Sharp teeth. Sometimes winged. Sometimes with two or four legs, other times limbless. Behavior Basks in the sun. Can fly. Spits venom. Can rejoin or regenerate severed body parts. Breathes fire. Drinks large quantities of milk. Eats...

Saharan Crested Snake

Physical description Length, 30-120 feet. Dark brown with black diamonds on back. Whitish below with dark-gray stripes. Pointed snout. Black crest about 4 inches long on head. Large, chestnut eyes. Thicker body segment about 13 feet long behind a thin neck. Rest of tail tapers to a point. Significant sightings In 255 B.C. during the First Punic War, after a lengthy struggle in which catapults and siege engines were put to use, the legions of Roman consul Marius Atilius Regulus killed an...

Ngiioi Rtfng

Etymology Vietnamese (Austroasiatic), forest man. Variant names Briaou (in Laos), Khi trau (buffalo monkey or big monkey). Physical description Height, less than 5 feet. Covered in reddish, gray, brown, or black hair. The back of the forearm is said to have a sharp bone. Allegedly has a tail. Behavior Bipedal. Climbs trees easily. Uses its forearm to cut through jungle undergrowth. Food consists of roots, plants, and the sap of banana trees. Shakes trees for insects. Sleeps in rocky areas. Said...

Grotte Cosquer Animal

Paleolithic cave art depicting a Sea MONSTERin France. Physical description Fat, bulky body. Small head on a relatively long neck. Two flexible front flippers and two pointed rear flippers. Distribution Grotte Cosquer, Cap Morgiou, near Marseille, France. Present status This underwater cave was discovered in 1985 by Henri Cosquer, who also found the artwork six years later. The entrance, 120 feet below water level, would have been above water during the Ice Age. The charcoal drawings of animals...

Gung

Etymology Unknown, although the Australian jingy or chingah were terms used in Western Australia during the nineteenth century for devils or evil spirits. Variant names Barmi birgoo, Illankanpanka (in central Queensland), Jimbra (in Western Australia), Jingra, Jinka (in Western Australia), Kraitbull (in South Australia), Lo-an (in Yarra Flats, Victoria), Pankalanka (in Northern Territory), Tjangara (in South Australia), Wolumbin. In Victoria, Lowan (Lo-an) is used for the Mallee fowl (Leipoa...

Ri

Variant names Ilkai (Sursurunga Austrone-sian), Pishmeri (Pidgin, fish-woman). Physical description Dark or light-brown body. Length, 5-7 feet. Human head, arms, torso, and genitalia. Long head-hair. Eyes in the front of the head. Protruding mouth. Females have breasts. Arms are fused to the side of the body. Palms are ridged and calloused, and the fingernails are long and sharp. The lower trunk terminates in a pair of flippers. Internal body fat is said to...

Multifinned Sea Monster

A category of Sea MONSTER identified by Bernard Heuvelmans. Scientific name Cetioscolopendra aeliani, given by Heuvelmans in 1965. Variant names Elian's sea centipede, Cetacean centipede, Con Ri'T Many-finned sea monster, Tompondrano. P hysical description Elongated body with peculiar lateral projections that look like forward-pointing fins, only four to twelve of which are usually seen above water. Length, 30-100 feet, with a probable average of 60-70 feet. Skin is smooth like tanned leather....

Lizards Unknown

Lizards make up the Suborder Lacertilia of the large reptilian Order Squamata, which also includes Snakes and Amphisbaenians (Worm lizards). In general, lizards are small- to medium-sized scaly reptiles with four clawed feet, elongated bodies, and tapering tails. Some are highly arboreal, others specialize in burrowing, and still others are occasionally bipedal. There are four lizard infraorders Gekkota, Igua-nia, Scincomorpha, and Anguimorpha. Infraorder Gekkota includes Geckos (Gekkonidae and...

Merhorse

A category of Sea Monster identified by Bernard Heuvelmans. Scientific name Halshippus olaimagni, given by Heuvelmans in 1965. Physical description Elongated, with smooth, shiny skin. Length, 15-100 feet, though rarely exceeding 60 feet. Dark-brown or steel-gray to black in northern regions mahogany in warmer regions. Skin is smooth and shiny, possibly with short fur. Wide, flat, diamond-shaped head, described as similar to that of a horse, camel, snake, or hog. Head, 3 feet long. Wide mouth,...

Devils Hoofmarks

Tracks made by a myst ery mammal, possibly a Rodent in England and elsewhere. Etymology Newspapers in 1855 report ed t hat some people at t ribut ed t he marks t o Sat an. Tracks Vaguely donkeylike some appear t o have been made by hooves, while ot hers do not . Length, 3.5-4 inches. Width, 1.5-2.75 inches. Depth, 0.5-4 inches. The prints are 8-16 inches apart and direct ly in front of each ot her, rat her t han alt ernat ing left and right . Significant sightings On t he night of February 8-9,...

Queensland Tiger

Variant names Native tiger, Queensland tiger-cat, Yaddi, Yarri (Herbert River area), Yedna tiger. In the Warlpiri (Australian) language of the Northern Territory, yarri is a verb meaning to threaten or to attack. In Queensland, the term is also used for the Spotted-tailed quoll or Tiger-cat (Dasyurus macula- tus). In the south part of Western Australia, it refers to the Blackbutt eucalyptus tree (Eucalyptus patens). Physical description Heavier build than a domestic cat. Length, 4-5 feet,...

Nalusa Falaya

Etymology Choctaw (Muskogean), long black being. Variant names Bohpoli (thrower), Devil Monkey, Hattak chito (big man), Kasheho-TAPALO, Kowi anakasha (forest dweller), Kwanokasha. Physical description Humanlike. Gray or brown hair. Small eyes. Long, pointed ears. Long arms. Behavior Slides on its stomach to approach humans. Stooped but speedy walk. Throws sticks and stones. Assists in the preparation of Native American medicines and takes children into the woods to teach them about herbs and...

Yoshi

Etymology Ona (Chon) word plural, Yoshil. Scientific name Fuegopithecus pakensis, given by Manuel Palacios. Variant names Cushpij, Hanush (Yamara), Yose. Physical description Height, 2 feet 6 inches. Yellowish-green hair. Bald on the back of the head. Large penis. Behavior Bipedal. Rubs the back of its head against trees. Eats fruits, mushrooms, and grubs. Carries a stone or a club as a weapon. Warms itself by the fires of hunters at night. Sometimes wears foxskin clothes. Tracks Leaves a trail...

Kapre

Etymology Bikol and Tagalog (Austronesian) word derived from the Spanish kafre (Moor). Physical description Height, 8 feet or more. Covered with hair. Dark, rough skin. Large eyes some accounts say there is only one. Big ears. Flat nose. Big mouth. Thick lips. Humanlike face, hands, and feet. Behavior Nocturnal. Active during new moons or after rainfall. Upright gait. Has a pungent odor. Omnivorous but fond of mangoes, pineapples, tamarind fruit, coconuts, papayas, radishes, fishes, land crabs,...

Multihumped Sea Monster

A category of Sea Monster identified by Bernard Heuvelmans. Scientific names Misnamed Scoliophis atlanti-cus in 1817, based on confusion with a deformed black snake Plurigibbosus novaeangliae, given by Heuvelmans in 1965. Variant names American sea serpent, Caddy Cassie, Dorsal Finner, Multcoiled Sea Monster Many-humped sea monster. Physical description Elongated body, with many regularly placed humps that form a conspicuous ridge along the spine. Length, 60-115 feet. Diameter, 9-15 feet. Dull...

Gally Trot

Etymology Possibly from the French gardez le tresor (guard the treasure) from gally (frighten) + the German Trotsch (spirit) or fromthe Frisian glay or gley (shining) + Trotsch. Variant names Galley trot, Hound of the hill, White hound of Cator. Physical description Size of a bullock. White, shaggy coat. Red ears. Behavior Chases people who try to run away from it. Distribution Norfolk and Suffolk Leek Brook, Staffordshire Pluckley, Kent Wellington, Somerset Bunbury, Cheshire Dartmoor, Devon....

Chiye Tanka

Cannibal Giant of the north-central United States. Etymology Lakota (Siouan), big elder brother. Variant name Chiha tanka (Dakota Siouan). Distribution North Dakota South Dakota Montana. Sources Mary Eastman, Dacotah (New York John A. Wiley, 1849), pp. 208-211 Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Historical and Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition, and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States (Philadelphia Lippincott, Grambo, 1851-1857), vol. 3, p. 232 J. Owen Dorsey, Teton...

Dinosaurs Living

Until the 1980s, there was ongoing controversy (occasionally reflected in cryptozoological literature) over whether dinosaurs had a single ancestor or many different ones. In the current view, it appears that Richard Owen had it right in 1842 when he invented the name Dinosauria (terrible reptiles), based only on three known fossil genera that he thought had one common ancestor. The defining characteristic of the Di-nosauria is now considered to be (along with a few other minor skeletal...

Phantom Wolf

Mystery DoG-like Entity of the midwestern and eastern United States. Variant names Booger dog, Phantom dog, Witchie wolf (Ojibwa Algonquian). Physical description Large dog of varying descriptions. Behavior Held responsible for livestock depredations. Distribution Michigan Ohio Illinois Missouri Louisiana Pennsylvania Connecticut Maine. Significant sightings J. Gordon was crossing a mountain stream on horseback one night near Bunker, Missouri, when a huge dog came walking along the stream and...

YeRn

Etymology Mandarin Chinese (Sino-Tibetan), wild man. Scientific names Pongo erectus and Yeren sinensis, proposed by Grover S. Krantz in 1998. Variant names Mao-R N, SUet-j en (Cantonese Chinese, snowman), Xue-r n (Mandarin Chinese, snowman), Yeren. Physical description There seem to be two basic types one is bipedal, and the other is quadrupedal, slightly smaller, and may be equivalent to the R N-Xl NG. Height, 4-8 feet, with an average of 6 feet 6 inches. Greatest reported height is 10 feet....

Hairy Biped

A humanlike or apelike Entity of North America, possessing some of the characteristics of Giant Hominids or North American Apes. Etymology Coined by Jerome Clark as a catchall term for humanoids reported in the midwestern and eastern United States and Canada. Variant names Big hairy monster (BHM), Billiwack monster (in southern California), Booger, Buenafoot (in southern California), Cannibal Giant, Dwayyo, Eastern bigfoot, Fluorescent Freddie, GOATMAN, Goonyak (in Vermont), Grassman (in Ohio),...

Invertebrates Unknown

Most unknown animals of interest to cryptozoology are vertebrates, or animals with backbones. Invertebrates encompass more than thirty phyla, ranging from sponges and jellyfish to worms, insects, spiders, mollusks, and starfish. Animals without backbones attract our attention when they are of unusual size or found in odd environments this is especially true of the CePHALCPODS (a class of mollusks containing octopuses and squids), which have been placed in their own section. The remaining...

Coelacanth Unrecorded Populations

The Coelacanth is the only surviving member of a class of lobefin Fishes that dates back 400 million years, to the Early Devonian. No fossil Coelacanths have been found that are more recent than the Cretaceous period, 65 million years ago. Etymology Former genus name, from the Greek koilos (hollow) + akantha (spine). Scientific names Latimeria chalumnae, given by J. L. B. Smith in 1939 for the Indian Ocean species L. menadoensis, given in 1999 for the Celebes Sea species. Variant names Ikan...

Minnesota Iceman

Wildman exhibited in a U.S. carnival. Said to have come from Southeast Asia but possibly a hoax. Scientific name Homo pongoides, given by Bernard Heuvelmans in 1969. Physical description Adult male hominid. Height, 5 feet 10 inches. Covered in long brown hair (3-4 inches long) except on the face. The longer individual hairs seem to have an agouti pattern of light bands. Pinkish skin. Large eye sockets. Eyeballs are apparently missing. Pugged nose with nostrils pointing upward. Wide mouth with...

Thylacine

Jack Rabbit Behavior

Doglike MARSUPIAL of Australia, presumed extinct since 1936. Etymology From the Greek thylakos (leather pouch). Scientific name Thylacinus cynocephalus, given by C. J. Temminck in 1824. Variant names Dobsegna, Marsupial wolf, Nannup tiger (in Western Australia), Ozenkad-nook tiger (in Victoria), Tasmanian tiger, Tassie tiger, Waldagi, Wonthaggi monster (in Victoria). Physical description Large, doglike marsupial. Shoulder height, 2 feet. Length, about 3 feet 6 inches-4 feet 6 inches. Weight,...

Tigre de Montagne

Mystery Cat of West and Central Africa. Etymology French, mountain tiger. Variant names Coq-djing (Yulu Nilo-Saharan, mountain tiger), Coq-ninji, Gassin-gr m, Hadjel, Wanjilanko. PP'hysical description Larger than a lion. Red fur with white stripes, though a black variety is also known. Protruding teeth. Long hair on its paws. Tailless. Behavior Roars. Can carry away large antelopes. Tracks Long hair on the legs and paws eradicates its tracks. Distribution Ennedi and other mountainous areas of...

Giant Human Skeletons

Subfossil bones, skulls, and skeletons of humans or Giant Hominids of North America and Europe. Physical description Height, 8 feet or more. Variant name Tallegwi. Distribution Paleo-Indian mounds in the eastern United States and other sites in North America scattered sites in Europe. A partial list of places where Giant human skeletons have been reported follows Arizona Fort Crittenden, Winslow. British Columbia, Canada Neskain Island. California Cascade Mountains, Lompoc, Minarets Wilderness,...

Champy Sighting Photo In 1984

Freshwater Monster of Lake Champlain in Vermont, New York, and Qu bec. Scientific name Champtanystropheus, proposed by Dennis Hall. Etymology After the lake. Variant names Champy, Chaousarou, Sammy, Tatoskok (Abenaki Algonquian) Physical description Reports from the nineteenth century to the 1960s generally describe an enormous serpent. Fiery eyes. Possibly hooded. Glistening scales. Fishlike tail. Spouts water. Reports from the 1960s onward are more like those of the classic Loch Ness-like...

Hoofed Mammals

Muntiacus atherodes. Deer with a yellowish-orange coat and a dark-brown stripe along the spine. Described in 1982 by Colin Groves and Peter Grubb from specimens on the island of Borneo, Indonesia. Chacoan peccary. Catagonus wagneri. Large (3-feet-high), brownish-gray wild pig first described from Pleistocene fossil remains in 1930. Although this animal was well known to the local Indians and its pelt was used by New York furriers for trimming hats and coats, it was not...

Gigantic Pacific Octopus

A huge CePHAOPOD of the Pacific Ocean. Physical description Grayish-brown. Arms, 8-75 feet long. Distribution Hawaiian Islands the Philippines. Significant sightings In 1928, when stationed at Pearl Harbor, Robert Todd Aiken discovered a group of six large octopuses, 40 feet from tip to tip, off the shore of Oahu. In July 1936, he brought film director Robert Hale to the spot to film a documentary. Whether it was ever filmed or not is unknown. In 1950, Madison Rigdon saw an octopus the size of...

Stellers Sea Ape Behavior

Unknown SEAL or Merbeing of the North Pacific Ocean. Etymology George Steller said the creature resembled the picture of an animal called Simia marina danica (Danish sea monkey) in Konrad Gesner's Historia animalium (1558). But Ges-ner's animal appears to be a nonexistent, composite beast. Scientific names Siren cynodephala, given by Johann Julius Walbaum in 1792 Trichechus hy-dropithecus, suggested by George Shaw in 1800 and Manatus simia, proposed by Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger prior to 1811....

Alux

Plural, Aluxob. Variant names Ahlu't (Quiche Mayan), Aluche (Spanish), A'lus, Barux, Kat. Physical description Height, 2 feet 6 inches-4 feet. Stout and squat. Disproportionately large head. Long black beard. Powerful muscles. Females have large breasts. Behavior Said to live in small votary shrines at Mayan temples. Whistles chuii, chuii. Usually naked but sometimes wears a tunic. Some times wears a wide-brimmed palm hat. Guards treasure. Has a tiny dog. Pushes...

Kikomba

Etymology Konjo, Nyanga, and Kanu (Bantu) word. Scientific names Paranthropus congensis, pro posed by Charles Cordier in 1963 Kikomba leloupi, suggested by Bernard Heuvelmans in 1980. Variant names Abamaanji, Apamandi (Komo Bantu), Kakundakari (possibly the female or young individuals), Tshingombe (Tembo Bantu), Zaluzugu (Lega-Mwenga Bantu). Physical description Height, 5 feet 2 inches. Light skin. Covered in black hair. Long, black head-hair. Broad shoulders. Pronounced sexual dimorphism, if...

Schomburgks Deer

A surviving population of this deer (a Hoofed MAMMAL) has been reported in Laos. It has been presumed extinct in Thailand since 1932 because of hunting and habitat loss. Scientific name Cervus schomburgki, given by Blyth in 1863. Physical description Length, 6 feet. Shoulder height, 3 feet 6 inches. Chocolate-brown. Elaborately branched antlers with a large number of points (up to thirty-three). Distribution Laos. Formerly known from the Chao Phraya River valley, Thailand. Significant sighting...

Is The Pattys Creeks Monster Real

Female Bigfoot caught on film by Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin in 1967 near Bluff Creek, California. Etymology Nicknamed by Dmitri Bayanov after cameraman Roger Patterson. Scientific name Homo troglodytes pattersoni, given in 1997 by Bayanov. Physical description Height estimates range from 6 feet 2 inches (Gimlin's) to 7 feet 4 inches (Patterson's). Based on the size of the tracks found, a chest width has been estimated at 22 inches, with a depth of 16 inches. Weight estimates based on the...

Sharks and Fishes

A pencil catfish from the Rio Javaes, Tocantins State, Brazil, first described in 1994 by Wilson Costa. Feeds on other fishes by attaching itself to their gills and sucking their blood. Armored stickleback. Indostomus paradoxus. Small fish discovered in Lake Indawgyi, Myanmar, in 1926. Has the unusual ability to move its head vertically. Blind loach. Paracobitis smithi. A river loach that lives in underground pools at high altitude in the Zagros Mountains, Iran. Discovered...

Almas

Etymology Mongolian (Altaic), wild man, though possibly derived from ala (to kill) + mal (animals). The word is found in many southern Mongolian place-names. Variant names Albast, Albasty, Alboost, Almast (Kazakh Turkic), Habisun mortu (edgewise going), Khun Goruessu, Nuhni almas (burrow almas), Zagin almas (saxaul almas), Zagitmegen (old woman of the saxaul thickets). Physical description Adult height, 5 feet-6 feet 6 inches. Covered with 6-inch-long, curly, reddish-brown hair except for hands...

Everything Else

Freshwater Crustaceans France

An entirely new domain of bacteria-like organisms identified in 1977 by Carl Woese. Many of these microbes thrive under such extreme environmental conditions as deep-sea hydrothermal vents, hot springs, underground petroleum deposits, highly acidic or alkaline water, hypersaline water, or the digestive tracts of animals, though recently they have also been found with plankton in a normal marine environment. Some of them metabolize sulfur, others are major producers of methane, and...

Thunderbird Pennsylvania

Scientific names Gymnogyps pennsylvanianus, suggested by Hiram Cranmer Mythopoeia ti-tanornis, offered by Gerald Musinsky in 1997. Physical description Eaglelike bird. Length, 3-4 feet. Wingspan, 14-30 feet. Often described as the size of a Piper Cub airplane. Black or brown, becoming grayer with age. Large, black eyes. Large beak, not hooked. Short neck. Wings, about 12 inches wide. Short, thick legs. Behavior Possibly migratory, traveling south in November through the Appalachians to West...

Giant Pennsylvania Snake

Large Snake of south-central Pennsylvania and northern Maryland. Variant names Big snake, Boss snake, The Devil, Devil snake, Heap big snake, Log snake. Physical description Length, 15-20 feet. Diameter, 8-10 inches, or as thick as a stovepipe. Black with some gray, dark gray with yellow markings, or dirty tan with variegated markings. Huge mouth. Behavior Sometimes blocks rural roads. Coils its tail around a tree branch and swings its head to and fro. Said to be able to move with its head and...

Pitt Lake Lizard

Physical description Length, 5-10 feet. Smooth skin. Horns behind the head. Two rows of sharp teeth. Distribution Pitt Lake, British Columbia. Significant sighting On June 3, 1973, Warren and Sharon Scott observed a number of huge reptiles in the lake. Warren captured three smaller specimens and sent one to the biology department of Simon Fraser University, but there is no record of its receipt. Possible explanations (1) The largest lizardlike animal in British...

Native and Western Eyewitness Testimony in Cryptozoology

On an Internet-based cryptozoology forum, this question was recently posed How should we evaluate the validity of eyewitness accounts from native peoples I shall attempt to answer that question. The issue of native eyewitness testimony is of considerable importance to crypto-zoologists, as such accounts are a major component of the body of evidence for many purportedly undiscovered animal species. Native testimony typically receives either one of two opposite and inappropriate treatments in...

Bigfoot

Giant Hominid of western North America. By extension, the term is also applied to similar Ho-MINIDS observed elsewhere. Etymology Named in 1958 when a series of huge tracks was found near Bluff Creek in northern California. Coined by newspaper columnist Andrew Genzoli, in the Humboldt (Calif.) Times, October 5, 1958. Plural is usually Bigfoot, sometimes Bigfeet. Scientific names Paranthropus eldurrelli, proposed by Gordon R. Strasenburgh Jr. in 1971 Gigantopithecus canadensis, Australopithecus...

Springheel Jack

Mysterious Flying Humanoid of Victorian England. Variant names Leaping terror, Springald, Spring-heeled Jack, Suburban ghost. Physical description Tall. Thin. Glowing red eyes. Huge, pointed ears. Blue flames emanate from its mouth. Fingers are exceptionally sharp (made of iron). Wears a long cloak (or an oilskin or sheepskin) and a shining helmet. Behavior Seems to be able to leap or glide through the air with a paranormal ability. Laughs ringingly. Attacks people and rips their clothing and...

Hoofed Mammals Unknown

Simply put, hoofed mammals have toes covered with a horny structure composed of keratin that helps them to run away from predators efficiently. Hooves, like the nails of primates, evolved from the keratinous claws of other mammals, such as cats and rodents. Like ballet dancers standing on point, these animals have their entire weight concentrated on their toes. Hoofed mammals have traditionally been called ungulates (from the Latin ungula, hoof'), a group that had a common origin sometime in...

Sea Monsters

Black Sea Monster History

Enormous, often serpentine animals reported in the ocean worldwide, both near coasts and on the high seas. It is probable that many different types of animals known and unknown are responsible for sightings, making it extremely difficult to extract a uniform description. Scientific names Halsydrus pontoppidani, given by Patrick Neill in 1809 Megophias mon-strosus, first proposed in 1817 by Constantin S. Rafinesque and modified to Megophias megophias in 1892 by A. C. Oudemans Pelamis monstrosus,...

South Bay Bessie

Etymology Named in the 1980s after the Davis-Besse Nuclear Power Station near Oak Harbor, Ohio. Variant names Bessie, Lake Erie Larry, Lemmie. Physical description Serpentine. Length, 30-50 feet. Width, 2 feet. Gray, dark-greenish-brown, or black. Long neck. Three to five humps sometimes reported. Flat tail. Behavior Seen in calm waters. Swift swimmer. Moves by vertical undulations. Distribution Lake Erie, from Toledo and Sandusky Bay east to Bay Village, Ohio. Significant sightings Capt....

Freshwater Monsters

A wide variety of unidentified animals have been reported in freshwater lakes and rivers around the world. These animals often go under the generic name of lake monsters or river monsters. Most also are known by the name of the lake or river plus the word monster, as in the Payette Lake monster. A comprehensive, country-by-country list is found in the Lake and River Monster section on pages 655-690. More specific information can be found under the following names Afanc Ai dakhar Altam aha- H A...

Giant North American Lizard

Large, unknown Lizards of North America. Variant names Canip monster lizard, Cross-wick monster, Giant pink lizard, Gowrow Mini-rex, Mountain boomer, River dino, River lizard. Physical description Various sizes and descriptions. Behavior Some are bipedal, others quadrupedal. Distribution British Columbia, Canada Colorado Texas South Dakota Ohio Kentucky Pennsylvania. Significant sightings Prior to 1820, when a drought exterminated them, pink lizards 3-8 feet long were said to inhabit Catlick...

Passerine Birds

Pseudocalyptomena graueri. Primarily green with dark streaks on the forehead and a white chin and throat. Discovered in 1908 in the Itombwe Mountains in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and later reported in western Uganda. Aldabran brush warbler. Nesillas aldabranus. This 5-inch songbird has one of the smallest ranges of any known bird species about 24 acres on the atoll of Aldabra in the Seychelles. Only five birds have been seen since the species was discovered...

Dragon Asian

One of the four sacred animals of Chinese mythology. Variant names Chen (Mandarin Chinese Sino-Tibetan), Chi lung (wingless dragon), Chi'ih, Fei-yu, Fu-ts'ang lung (treasure dragon), Jiao lung (scaly dragon), Kiao lung, Kioh lung, Kura-mitsu-ha (Japanese, dark water snake), Kura-okami (Japanese, dragon god of the valleys), Kura-yama-sumi (Japanese, lord of the dark mountains), Long, Long-ma (Vietnamese), Lung (five-clawed dragon), Lung wang (dragon king), Mang...

Namibian Flying Snake

Physical description Length, 9-25 feet. Yellow, black, or brown with light spots. Rumored to change colors like a chameleon. Large head, with a luminous or reflective spot on a caplike structure. May also have a pair of backward-curving horns. Inflated neck. Batlike wings. Wingspan, 30 feet. Behavior Hurls itself down hills, making a loud roaring sound. Said to be capable of sustained flight, not only gliding. Smells like tar or burned brass. Tracks Serpentine, showing the marks of scales....

Lord of the Deep

Lord The Deep Fish

Immense sharklike Fish of the South Pacific Ocean. A surviving Megalodon shark (Carcharodon megalodon) might explain stories of a huge Pacific shark called the LORD OF THE DEEP (William M. Rebsamen) A surviving Megalodon shark (Carcharodon megalodon) might explain stories of a huge Pacific shark called the LORD OF THE DEEP (William M. Rebsamen) Etymology Possibly from a Melanesian (Aus-tronesian) word. Physical description Gray above and white below or entirely pale white. Length, greater than...

Physical Descriptionchimpanzee

An odd lot of mystery PRIMATES reported mostly in the southeastern and midwestern United States. Etymology Term used by Loren Coleman since the 1960s to distinguish these creatures from Bigfoot or Hairy Bipeds. Abbreviated as Nape (Napes, plural). Variant names Abominable chicken man (in Oklahoma), Brush ape, Fouke monster, Knobby (in North Carolina), Little red men of the Delta, Manimal, OLD SHEFF, Skunk Ape, Traverspine Gorilla. Physical description Chimpanzee- or gorillalike. Height, 4-7...

Thunderbird

Legendary giant Bird of North America. See also Thunderbird (Pennsylvania). Etymology From the thunderous flapping of its wings or possibly from its northern migration to the Pacific Northwest in the spring or rainy season. Variant names Achiyalabopa (Pueblo), Alkun-tam (Bella Coola Salishan), Animikii (Ojibwa Algonquian), Ba'a (Comanche Uto-Aztecan), Big Bird, Binesi or Pinesi (Ojibwa Algonquian), Chequah (Potawatomi Algonquian), Cullona (Malecite Algonquian), Culloo (Micmac Algon-quian),...

Big Bird

Fly Birds Monster Black And White

Large Bird of North America, similar to the legendary Thunderbird . Etymology Descriptive, though partially inspired by the character Big Bird on the U.S. television series Sesame Street (1969- ). Variant names Giant Owl, Giasticutus (in the Ozark Mountains), MotHMAN, Piasa, Tacuache (Spanish, opossum), thunderbird, Thunderbird (Pennsylvania). Physical description Length, 3-8 feet standing upright. Black, gray, or brown plumage. Head and short neck, either feathered and eaglelike or bald and...

Unicorn

Horselike animal with a single horn see SEMI-MYTHICAL Beasts. Unicorn legends have a long and cosmopolitan history ranging throughout most of Europe, Africa, and Asia. The Unicorn of Western lore is based on a complex number of traditions and animals that can be grouped into three major trends Unicorns in classical Western literature, the Unicorn of the medieval bestiaries, and reports of one-horned animals in the Renaissance and afterward. In addition, the visual conventions of Christian art...

Peel Street Monster

Mystery RoDENT-like animal of central England. Physical description Like a rat but much larger. Behavior Aggressive. Attacks and bites children. Distribution Peel Street and Brickkiln Street, Wolverhampton, England. Significant sighting During the winter of 1933-1934, several children were attacked by a bizarre creature in Wolverhampton. It was put out of commission with a brick wielded by seventeen-year-old Georgie Goodhead on January 18, 1934, as it was about to attack a five-year-old child....

Orang Pendek

Unknown Primate or Small Hominid of Southeast Asia. Etymology Malay (Austronesian), short man. Said to be the local name around Bengkulu and Palembang, Sumatra. Variant names Atu pandek, Atu rimbo, Ijaoe, ORANG Gugu, Orang letjo (gibbering man), Orang pandek, Sedabo, Sedapa, Sindai, Uhang pandak. Physical description Height, 2 feet 6 inches-5 feet 6 inches. Covered with short, reddish-orange, dark-brown, or black hair but is less hairy on the face. Pinkish-brown skin. Its jetblack head-hair...

Eastern Puma

The puma is indeed returning to its former range in the eastern United States and Canada, though this fact has only been reluctantly accepted by naturalists in recent years. Part of the reluctance has been based on imprecise witness descriptions, which can sometimes venture into the bizarre or supernatural. (Reports from southern states technically constitute sightings of the Southern puma, which still exists in very small numbers in southern Florida.) Although a case could be made for...

Africa

V. Thierfelder was on the shore at Rumonge when he saw a large, brown, serpentine animal swimming with vertical undulations. It had six body loops, each 9 feet in diameter and 15 feet in length, and two small fins below its head. Its length was estimated as 111-168 feet. O. Strack, Auch in Tan-ganyikasee soll eine 'Nessie' leben Das Tier, no. 9 September 1963 24. Lake Barombi Mbo. In 1948 or 1949, two long-necked animals were seen in the middle of the lake by...

Stiff Legged Bear

Legendary ELEPHANT or Bear of North America. Variant names Ahamagachktiat Mohegan Algonquian, big rump bear , Amangachktiat Unami Algonquian, big rump , A'tix Kaska Na-Dene , Big buffalo, Big bull, Big quisquis Tuscarora Iroquoian, hog , Bladder-head boy, Ganiagwaihegowa Seneca Iroquoian , Great elk, Great moose, Katcheeto-huskw Naskapi Algonquian , Katcitowack Inland Cree Algonquian, stiff-legged bear , Ktciawas Abenaki Algonquian, great beast , Maughkompos, Neka-ci ckami Chitimacha Gulf,...

Animals Discovered since 1900

Many new animal species have been officially described since the turn of the twentieth century. Some are big and unusual, while others are small and unremarkable. A few were known previously only from the fossil record. When the coelacanth was discovered in 1938, it was recognized as a member of a group that had been thought extinct for at least 65 million years. However, the Comoro Islanders knew it well as the gombessa a fish with soft, oily flesh, an insipid taste, and a laxative effect....

Devil Monkey

Large, tailed Primate of North America. Etymology Name coined by Mark A. Hall. Variant names Giant monkey, Nalusa Falaya. Physical description Height, 3 8 feet. Light brown t o black hair. Point ed ears. Baboonlike or doglike muzzle. St rong chest. A blaze of whit e fur from neck t o belly. Short forelegs wit h claws. Muscular hind legs. Large feet. A long t ail is somet imes report ed, alt ernat ely described as black and bushy or hairless. Behavior Somet imes walks bipedally, at ot her t imes...

Spotted Lion

Unknown big Cat of East and Central Africa. Scientific name Panthera leo maculatus, given by Bernard Heuvelmans in 1955. Variant names Abasambo in Ethiopia , Bakanga, Bung bung in Cameroon , IKIMIZI, Marozi Gikuyu Bantu word, possibly meaning solitary lion , Ntarargo. Physical description Smaller than a lion but larger than a leopard. Body length, 5 feet 10 inches. Tawny color. Covered with grayish-brown spots or rosettes on the back, sides, and legs. Spine is free of spots. Diameter of...

Mokele Mbembe

Unknown DlNOSAUR-like animal of Central Africa. Etymology Lingala Bantu , water monster or one who stops the flow of rivers. Variant names Am AU, Badigui, IriZIMA, Isiququm adevu, JagO-Nini, Le'kela-bembe Baka Ubangi , Mbokalemuembe in Cameroon , Mbulu-em'bembe or M'kuoo-m'bem-boo Denya Bantu , M' o ke-n'be, Nwe Ewondo Bantu , N'yamala. Physical description Size of an elephant or larger. Length, up to 35 feet. Shoulder height, 5-7 feet. Smooth, reddish-brown or brownish-gray skin. The male has...