M

Macromolecules, as uncolored molecules, 27-28

Macula lutea, 11 Magenta, 70 Magnesium chloride, 63 Magnesium hydroxide, 63 Malachite green, 70 Malvidin, 57

Malvidin 3-glucoside, 183 Marigold (T erecta), 35, 127, 140, 147, 153 as a source of feed and food colorant, carotenoids, 147 Marine products, 4, 5 Melanins, 2, 30, 31, 100-102, 108-109 distribution, 30-31, 100-102 functions, 2, 108-109 Metabolomics, 296-297 Metalloproteins, and color, 29 2C-Methyl-D-erythriol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase, 118

Methyl violet, 70 Mevalonate, 118 Middle oil, 74 Mint, 263, 272 Mirabilis jalapa, 192 Miraxanthin, 192 Monascorubrin, 290 Monascus, 5, 37, 248-249, 289-290 applications, 249 as nutraceutical agents, 5 commercial production, 248-249 fermentative process, 248-249 legislation as food colorant, 5, 61 M. anka, 289-290 M. purpureus, 289-290 pigment production by fermentation, 5 sources and composition, 248 toxicology, 59 Monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, volatile defensive signals, 118 Munsell Books of Color, 14 8-Mutant, 123-127 Myoglobin, 93-94 Myrcene, 269 Myricetin, 269 Myristica fragrans, 263 Myrosinases, 266

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