This is a perennial herb native to Europe, Western Asia, North Africa, Madeira, and Azores and introduced to North America and Australia. Aerial parts including fresh buds and flowers have been traditionally used for their sedative, anti-inflammatory, anxiolitic, and astringent qualities to treat burns, insomnia, shock, hysteria, gastritis, hemorrhoids, kidney disorders, etc. Chemical compounds identified include phloro-glucinols (hyperforin and adhyperforin), naphthodianthrones (hypericin, pseudohy-pericin, and isohypericin), flavonoids (kaempferol, luteolin, myricetin, quercetin, hyperoside, and quercetin), essential oils (a- and P-pinene, limonene, myrcene, and caryophyllene), as well as proanthocyanidins, phytosterols, coumarins, xanthones, carotenoids, and phenolic acids. The components of this herb inhibit the reuptake of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. Hyperforin has antibiotic properties inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus. The flavonoids act as free radical scavengers and metal chelators showing potent anti-inflammatory activity. Monoterpenes show antitumoral activity, whereas proanthocyanidins exhibit antimicrobial, antiviral, and
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Everything you wanted to know about. How To Cure Tennis Elbow. Are you an athlete who suffers from tennis elbow? Contrary to popular opinion, most people who suffer from tennis elbow do not even play tennis. They get this condition, which is a torn tendon in the elbow, from the strain of using the same motions with the arm, repeatedly. If you have tennis elbow, you understand how the pain can disrupt your day.