Fruits and vegetables are readily available in developed countries and are a natural source of nutrients, fiber, and potent antioxidants. During an intervention assay the amount of DNA damage in the peripheral lymphocytes of test subjects was substantially reduced. Thus, the number of mutations can be reduced, as well as the possibility of developing tumors.29 Fruits and vegetables may be up to 20% d.w. of the diet of vegetarians, which includes high levels of phenolics. Some phenolics have been considered as trapping agents of nitrates, preventing the formation of the mutagenic N-nitroso compounds, which in turn have been linked to cancers of the nasopharynx, esophagus, and stomach. Additionally, phenolics are part of the detoxification systems.30 Currently, blueberries are emerging as one of the brightest prospects among fruits. Products from blueberries and other Vaccinium sp. can be marketed as dietary supplements in the United States with a structure-function claim such as "promote normal vision" and "enhance eyesight." They have compounds with high antioxidant activity with the ability to retard LDL oxidation and with anticarcinogenic, antidiabetic, antimutagenic, and antimicrobial properties. Blueberries can reduce eye strain, improve circulation, and protect against gastric ulcers and cardiovascular disease.8 Elderberries also have importance as a source of biologically
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Acai, Maqui And Many Other Popular Berries That Will Change Your Life And Health. Berries have been demonstrated to be some of the healthiest foods on the planet. Each month or so it seems fresh research is being brought out and new berries are being exposed and analyzed for their health giving attributes.