Diabetes Cancer

FIGURE 10.1 Major health problems in the United States. (Adapted from Sloan.9) slightly more than 50 thinks foods can replace some drugs. This tendency has also been observed around the world nutrition is now perceived as a tool for disease prevention and for self-treatment of specific health conditions.7 The notion of diet and health is not new and dates to Hippocrates (400 b.c.) 8 this idea was enforced by the publicity surrounding the claims made by Nobel-laureate Linus Pauling in the 1970s,...

Info

Coloring of candies (Egyptians, 1500 B.C.). Natural colorants are used to pigment man-made products. Saffron and other plant species are employed in the pigmentation of butter. Use of inorganic pigments (e.g., lead chromate, copper sulfate) in the production of candies and sauerkraut. W.H. Perkin synthesizes mauve or aniline purple from coal tar distillates (1856). Diazonium coupling reaction by Peter Giess (1860). Para red, lithal red, and hansa yellow pigments are synthesized (1895). Use of...

C Soybean

Arising in ancient China not later than the 11th century B.C., soybean has a current global production of around 150 million metric tons the United States, Brazil, China, and Argentina are the main producers. Soybean consumption is very important because of their nutraceutical properties (Table 10.4).24 Soy protein benefits relate to the lowering of cholesterol levels and menopause symptoms and to the reduction of the risk for several chronic diseases (e.g., cancer, heart disease,...

References

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Components. Tech-nomic, Chicago, IL. 2. Ryan-Stoneham, T. and C.H. Tong. 2000. Degradation kinetics of chlorophyll in peas as a function of pH. Journal of Food Science 65 1296-1301. 3. Schneeman, B.O. 2000. Relationship of food, nutrition, and health, in Essentials of Functional Foods. M.K. Schmidt and T.P. Labuza, Eds. Aspen, Gaithersburg, MD, pp. 3-11. 4. Camire, M.E. 2001. Diet and health research needs. Food Technology 55...

EFruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are readily available in developed countries and are a natural source of nutrients, fiber, and potent antioxidants. During an intervention assay the amount of DNA damage in the peripheral lymphocytes of test subjects was substantially reduced. Thus, the number of mutations can be reduced, as well as the possibility of developing tumors.29 Fruits and vegetables may be up to 20 d.w. of the diet of vegetarians, which includes high levels of phenolics. Some phenolics have been...

Table 103

Spices and Herbs Used for Their Beneficial Health Effects Stimulate digestion, induce perspiration, improve memory, as an aphrodisiac agent Decrease cholesterol levels and high blood pressure Inhibit tumor formation and heal wounds Relieve chronic fatigue, coughs, and cold symptoms Treat indigestion and inflammation of gums Sources Adapted from Petesch and Sumiyoshi (1999),21 Uhl,20 and O'Donnell (2001).22 Sources Adapted from Petesch and Sumiyoshi (1999),21 Uhl,20 and O'Donnell (2001).22 with...

Turmeric Presentation and Its Uses as a Food Additive

Powder Mustard pastes and curry powder Turmeric is important by virtue of its contribution to Oleoresin Brine pickles, mayonnaise, and relish formulations nonalcoholic beverages such as orangeades and lemonades gelatins in breading of fish and potato croquets, among others Curcumin In some products such as beverages, gelatins, cheese, butter, and ice cream where Source Adapted from Govindarajan (1980).43 and 42 24 34. However, it is necessary to develop further work to elucidate if composition...

Iii

5 ng ml of caramel IV 50, 150 or 500 mg kg bw day 109 wk following in utero exposure 50, 150, or 500 mg kg bw day three generation 0, 250, 500, and 1000 mg kg bw day 90 days 320, 800, 2000, 5000 mg kg bw day, oral or intraperitoneally, evaluations up to the seventh day Neither mutagenic nor chromosomal damage observed thus, it is concluded that caramelization procedures do not produce detectable levels of mutagens No clastogenic effect No carcinogenic activity No toxicity exhibited but only...

Phytochemicals As Nutraceuticals

Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are geometrical and positional isomers of linoleic acid. The effects include inhibition of tumor growth, reduction of atherosclerotic risk, and reduction of body fat. y-Linolenic acid (GLA) is used for suppression of inflammation and in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy, atopic eczema, and certain cancers, such as malignant human brain glioma. a-Linolenic acid (ALA) has a broad range of health benefits it inhibits the production of eicosanoids, alters the...