labrum is begun, revealing extensive exposed subchondral bone (asterisk) with full-thickness articular loss. (D) Debridement of unstable articular fragments is performed with a basket. (E) Now viewing from the anterior portal, a stable articular edge has been achieved (arrows), and microfracture is begun through the subchondral surface (asterisk) that still has a thin covering of fibrous tissue. (F) With suction through the shaver, bleeding confirms vascular access through the areas of perforation.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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