labrum is begun, revealing extensive exposed subchondral bone (asterisk) with full-thickness articular loss. (D) Debridement of unstable articular fragments is performed with a basket. (E) Now viewing from the anterior portal, a stable articular edge has been achieved (arrows), and microfracture is begun through the subchondral surface (asterisk) that still has a thin covering of fibrous tissue. (F) With suction through the shaver, bleeding confirms vascular access through the areas of perforation.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.