Contents

Introduction 1

Part I The Young Naturalist in Germany

1 Childhood and Youth 8

The Family 8

Birdwatching 15

The Duck with a Red Bill 22

University Student in Greifswald and Berlin 23

Friendships at School and University 33

2 The Budding Scientist 35

PhD Thesis and Examination 35

The Influence of Teachers 37

Erwin Stresemann—Teacher and Friend 39

Assistant Curator at the Museum of Natural History in Berlin 42

Expeditions to New Guinea and the Solomon Islands 48

Part II Ornithologist and Evolutionist in New York

3 The New York Years (1931-1953) 95

Emigration to the United States and Life in New York City 95

Curator of Ornithology at the American Museum of Natural History 113

4 Ornithologist and Zoogeographer 140

Birds of Oceania 140

Birds of Australia, the Malay Archipelago and Southeastern Asia 157

Descriptions of New Species and Subspecies of Birds 161

Zoogeography 163

5 Biological Species and Speciation—Mayr's First Synthesis 183

A Modern Unified Theory of Evolution 183

Community Architect 232

6 Life in North America during World War II 242

New York and Tenafly, New Jersey 242

Cold Spring Harbor (1943-1952) 243

Citizenship 250

Part III Professor of Zoology at Harvard University

7 The Harvard Years (1953-2005) 255

Teaching and PhD Students 259

Director of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 263

8 Evolutionary Biology—Mayr's Second Synthesis 266

Overviews of Evolutionary Biology 266

Integrated Gene Complexes versus Beanbag Genetics 273

Animal Species and Evolution 275

Behavior and Evolution 277

Particular Topics of Evolutionary Biology 278

9 Ernst Mayr—the Man 283

Personality and General Views 283

Health 301

The Farm near Wilton, New Hampshire 306

Residence in Cambridge, Massachusetts 310

Adviser to the National Academy of Sciences and the NSF 311

National and International Recognition 313

10 Systematics and Classification 320

Diversity 320

Classification 321

Zoological Nomenclature 332

11 History and Philosophy of Biology—Mayr's Third Synthesis 338

History of Biology 340

Philosophy of Biology 360

12 Summary: Appreciation of Ernst Mayr's Science 375 Acknowledgments 382 List of Abbreviations 384 References 385

Part IV Appendices

1 Curriculum Vitae (Including Honorary Degrees,

Honorary Memberships, Medals, and other Special Awards) 401

2 Bibliography of Ernst Mayr 406

List of Books by Ernst Mayr 453

Coauthorship 455

3 Subject Analysis of Ernst Mayr's Publications 456 Index 459

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