Regulatory Aspects

At present, there are no published toxicological or epidemiological data to indicate whether consumption of patulin is harmful to humans. Products containing patulin have probably been consumed for long periods of time, yet accounts of human toxicity caused by patulin exposure from food do not exist. However, there is a desire to limit patulin levels in apple products since infants and young children are major consumers of these foods and the effects of long-term exposure to patulin are not yet known.

Based on the results of reproductive toxicity and long-term toxicity studies involving animals, the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) established a provisional maximum daily intake for patulin of 0.4 mg/kg body weight [55]. At least ten countries have established action levels of 50 mg/l for patulin in apple juice, and several have established lower limits (25 to 35 mg/l) [3,56]. The FDA has established a 50 mg/l action level for patulin in single strength and reconstituted apple juice [19].

Nutrition For Kids

Nutrition For Kids

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Get The Right Nutrition For Your Kids. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Essential Nutrients For Children All Parents Should Know. Children today are more likely to consume foods that are delicious rather than nutritious, and most foods that come under the delicious category are usually either highly sweetened or salted, either way the delicious choice is not good for the child at all.

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