M

Malthus system, 582 Mass spectrometry (MS), 284

Mathematical predictive modeling and MAP

systems, 455 Media for routine microbiological analysis,

546-548 Melons efficacy of conventional washing of, 237-239

Escherichia coli in, 58, 232, 233-234,

237-239, 240, 242, 245 factors contributing to contamination of postharvest condition, 235-236 preharvest and harvest condition, 234-235

hot water treatment of, 240-241, 465-466 human pathogens found in, 232, 233-234 hydrogen peroxide treatment of, 239-240 issues with fresh-cut, 242-244 laboratory-scale washing studies of, 237-239 Listeria monocytogenes in, 58, 232,

233-234, 242-244 methodology for microbiological evaluation of, 244-246 microflora of, 232-234 mode of microbial attachment to, 236-237 novel disinfection treatments of, 239-242 outgrowth of flesh on, 243-244 popularity of, 231-232 research on, 246-247

salmonella in, 232, 233-234, 243-244, 549 spoilage organisms in, 233 steam treatment of, 241-242 transfer of bacteria from rind to flesh of, 243 washing in the packinghouse, 237 Membrane integrity, 606-607 Methyl jasmonate, 425 Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC), 285 Microbiological Data Program (MDP),

USDA, 10-12 Microorganisms attachment of human enteric pathogen, 52-59

attachment by plant nitrogen fixing, epiphytic, and pathogenic bacterial, 38-48

cell-cell interactions in, 602-604 of concern with produce foodborne illnesses,

7-8, 34-35 fungal and viral, 48 interactions between plant tissues and,

259-262 internalized location in plants, 77-78

Microorganisms (continued) overview of, 75-77 plant structure and, 80-82 process, 80

structures that enable, 78-80 types of, 82-86 media for analysis of, 546-548 plant-microbe biofilms and, 59 on plant surfaces, 37-38 potential attachment factors of enterial bacterial, 48-52 retrieval efficiency, 557-558 structures that enable, 78-79 on vegetable products, 314-318 Micropores, 81 Microscopy and bacterial gene expression in situ on plants, 608-612 cell-cell interactions, 602-604 discovery of, 596

dyes and fluorescent conjugates used in, 598-600

emerging technologies in, 614-615 fluorescence stereo-, 613 fluorescent proteins used in, 596-597 immunoelecton, 613-614 Kogure assay for cell viability, 605-606 measurement of biological parameters,

604-605 membrane integrity, 606-607 multiphoton excitation fluorescence, 612 spatial distribution, 600-602 visualization of bacteria on plants using, 596-600 MicroStar system, 572 Miniaturization and diagnostic kits, 572-575 Minimal processing, 106, 316-318, 448-450 Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP), 18-19, 437-438 antimicrobial activity of MAP gases in, 439-440

biopreservation and protective cultures in, 445-447

characteristics of minimally processed produce in, 448-450 definitions in, 438-439 equilibrated internal atmosphere (EMA) and, 438-439

films edible and biodegradable, 443-444 packaging and, 441-444 synthetic polymer, 442-443 food safety risk of produce in, 451-452

mathematical predictive modeling and, 455 microbial ecology of systems of, 454-455 microbiology of fruits and vegetables in,

448-455 multiple barriers and, 445-448 O2/CO2 absorbers and generators, 447 pretreatments and miscellaneous strategies in, 447-448 psychotrophic pathogens and, 452-453 spoilage organisms and commodity shelf life in, 450-451 superatmospheric O2 and, 440-441 Molecular Beacon Technology, 585-586 Molecularly imprinted polymers (MlPs),

285-286 Moraxella, 439 mRNA, 611 Mucor, 450

Multiphoton excitation fluorescence microscopy, 612 Multiple barriers and MAP, 445-448 Mushrooms characteristics of, 135-136

commercial growing practices, 136-137

general composition of, 137-138

irradiation of, 150-151

microbiology of, 138

packaging of, 148-149

pulsed ultraviolet (UV) light treatment of,

151-152 quality of, 139-142, 152-153 spoilage of cultural (growing) practices favoring, 142 cultural practices to suppress spoilage of, 142-146

postharvest conditions favoring, 146-147 postharvest practices to suppress, 147-152 quality and, 139-142 sources of microorganisms causing, 142 washing treatments for, 149-150 Mycotoxins. See Patulin

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