M

Malthus system, 582 Mass spectrometry (MS), 284

Mathematical predictive modeling and MAP

systems, 455 Media for routine microbiological analysis,

546-548 Melons efficacy of conventional washing of, 237-239

Escherichia coli in, 58, 232, 233-234,

237-239, 240, 242, 245 factors contributing to contamination of postharvest condition, 235-236 preharvest and harvest condition, 234-235

hot water treatment of, 240-241, 465-466 human pathogens found in, 232, 233-234 hydrogen peroxide treatment of, 239-240 issues with fresh-cut, 242-244 laboratory-scale washing studies of, 237-239 Listeria monocytogenes in, 58, 232,

233-234, 242-244 methodology for microbiological evaluation of, 244-246 microflora of, 232-234 mode of microbial attachment to, 236-237 novel disinfection treatments of, 239-242 outgrowth of flesh on, 243-244 popularity of, 231-232 research on, 246-247

salmonella in, 232, 233-234, 243-244, 549 spoilage organisms in, 233 steam treatment of, 241-242 transfer of bacteria from rind to flesh of, 243 washing in the packinghouse, 237 Membrane integrity, 606-607 Methyl jasmonate, 425 Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC), 285 Microbiological Data Program (MDP),

USDA, 10-12 Microorganisms attachment of human enteric pathogen, 52-59

attachment by plant nitrogen fixing, epiphytic, and pathogenic bacterial, 38-48

cell-cell interactions in, 602-604 of concern with produce foodborne illnesses,

7-8, 34-35 fungal and viral, 48 interactions between plant tissues and,

259-262 internalized location in plants, 77-78

Microorganisms (continued) overview of, 75-77 plant structure and, 80-82 process, 80

structures that enable, 78-80 types of, 82-86 media for analysis of, 546-548 plant-microbe biofilms and, 59 on plant surfaces, 37-38 potential attachment factors of enterial bacterial, 48-52 retrieval efficiency, 557-558 structures that enable, 78-79 on vegetable products, 314-318 Micropores, 81 Microscopy and bacterial gene expression in situ on plants, 608-612 cell-cell interactions, 602-604 discovery of, 596

dyes and fluorescent conjugates used in, 598-600

emerging technologies in, 614-615 fluorescence stereo-, 613 fluorescent proteins used in, 596-597 immunoelecton, 613-614 Kogure assay for cell viability, 605-606 measurement of biological parameters,

604-605 membrane integrity, 606-607 multiphoton excitation fluorescence, 612 spatial distribution, 600-602 visualization of bacteria on plants using, 596-600 MicroStar system, 572 Miniaturization and diagnostic kits, 572-575 Minimal processing, 106, 316-318, 448-450 Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP), 18-19, 437-438 antimicrobial activity of MAP gases in, 439-440

biopreservation and protective cultures in, 445-447

characteristics of minimally processed produce in, 448-450 definitions in, 438-439 equilibrated internal atmosphere (EMA) and, 438-439

films edible and biodegradable, 443-444 packaging and, 441-444 synthetic polymer, 442-443 food safety risk of produce in, 451-452

mathematical predictive modeling and, 455 microbial ecology of systems of, 454-455 microbiology of fruits and vegetables in,

448-455 multiple barriers and, 445-448 O2/CO2 absorbers and generators, 447 pretreatments and miscellaneous strategies in, 447-448 psychotrophic pathogens and, 452-453 spoilage organisms and commodity shelf life in, 450-451 superatmospheric O2 and, 440-441 Molecular Beacon Technology, 585-586 Molecularly imprinted polymers (MlPs),

285-286 Moraxella, 439 mRNA, 611 Mucor, 450

Multiphoton excitation fluorescence microscopy, 612 Multiple barriers and MAP, 445-448 Mushrooms characteristics of, 135-136

commercial growing practices, 136-137

general composition of, 137-138

irradiation of, 150-151

microbiology of, 138

packaging of, 148-149

pulsed ultraviolet (UV) light treatment of,

151-152 quality of, 139-142, 152-153 spoilage of cultural (growing) practices favoring, 142 cultural practices to suppress spoilage of, 142-146

postharvest conditions favoring, 146-147 postharvest practices to suppress, 147-152 quality and, 139-142 sources of microorganisms causing, 142 washing treatments for, 149-150 Mycotoxins. See Patulin

Organic Gardeners Composting

Organic Gardeners Composting

Have you always wanted to grow your own vegetables but didn't know what to do? Here are the best tips on how to become a true and envied organic gardner.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment