Fungi And Viruses And Plants

The invasion of plant tissues by phytopathogenic fungi is likely initiated by attachment steps [113]. There have been few reports describing this attachment process [114], but degradation of the cuticle and fungal hyphae germ tube formation is important [113]. Studies of the survival of gastrointestinal viruses in water, soil, fruits, and vegetables have been reported [115], but there is no definitive information about the mechanisms of virus attachment to plants. A recent report on the specific attachment of cucumber necrosis virus (CNV) to fungal zoospores and invasion of cucumbers may be relevant to the introduction of foodborne gastrointestinal viruses in produce by similar mechanisms [116].

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