E

EcO157, 58

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL), 271 Electrolyzed oxidizing (EO) water, 514-516 Employee hygiene, 16 Enterobacter, 49, 314, 447, 450, 452 Enterococcus faecalis, 440 mundtii, 446 Enterohemorrhagic E. coli, 216-217 Enterovirus, 7

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 533 Enzymatic and molecular mechanism of tissue maceration by soft-rot bacteria, 122-125

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

(ELISA), 285, 575-576 Equilibrated internal atmosphere (EMA),

438-439, 449 Equipment high hydrostatic pressure processing

(HPP), 500 packinghouse facility, 16-17 rapid methods, 579-582 washing, 383-387 Erwinia, 45-46, 84, 314, 426, 450 carotovora, 366 chlorine dioxide and, 381 hot water treatments for, 464 microscopy of, 613 pectolytic, 119

production of pectin lyase (PNL) by, 122-123, 123

Escherichia coli, 7, 314, 426-427 acetic acid and, 424-425 in acidified vegetables, 320-322 acid stress and, 104 chlorine dioxide and, 381, 409-413 chlorine washing and, 378 detergent formulations and, 380 effects of organic acids on, 323-327 and efficacy of washers, 385-387 electrolyzed oxidizing (EO) water and, 515-516

in fresh-cut vegetables, 260, 390, 392 in fresh juices, 216-217, 222-223 general stress response and, 97 genetic regulation of acid resistance in,

325-327 GFP and, 597

good agricultural practices (GAPs) and, 367 high hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP)

of, 503-504 hot water treatment for, 240-241 in imported and domestic produce, 8, 9, 10 interactions between soft-rot and, 125-126 in lettuce, 52-53, 89-90 in melons, 58, 232, 233-234, 237-239, 240,

245, 2424 membrane integrity, 606-607 microscopy of, 613

modified atmosphere packaging of fresh produce and, 19, 443, 444, 453-454 osmotic stress and, 102 oxidative stress and, 105 ozone and, 381-382, 415, 417, 418-421 peroxyacetic acid and, 383 preharvest stress and, 100 pressure-driven infiltration and, 84-85 pulsed electric field (PEF) processing of, 511 sample selection, 549 soft-rot and, 121 spatial distribution, 600-602 in sprouts, 54-55, 188-190, 192, 195-197,

198, 200 superatmospheric O2 and, 440 surface pasteurization and, 481, 485-486 ultraviolet radiation and, 101 USDA Microbiological Data Program (MDP) measurements of, 11-12 Eugenol, 425

Exopolysaccharide (EPS), 40-41, 43-44 F

Fasciola hepatica, 505 Feces-associated pathogenic bacteria, 7

Fermentation of vegetables, 314, 318-319 Films edible and biodegradable, 443-444 permeability, 441-442 synthetic polymer, 442-443 Flavobacterium, 450

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), 611-612

Fluorescent conjugates, 598-600 Fluorescent proteins, 596-597 Food and Drug Administration (FDA). See also Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) definition of juice, 212 domestic produce survey, 9-10 good agricultural practices (GAPs)

guidelines, 22-23, 366-367 imported produce survey, 8-9 Model Food Code, 20-21 outbreak alerts issued by, 271 washing guidelines established by, 377, 388, 391-392 Foodborne illnesses associated with sprouts, 188-190 microorganisms of concern, 7-8 produce contamination and, 5-7 risk of contracting, 4-5, 6-7 Foodservice stores handling of produce,

20-21, 391-394 Fresh-cut vegetables cabbage, 255-256 carrots, 254-255

interactions between microorganisms and plant tissues in, 259-262 lettuce, 256-257 microorganisms on, 253-254 occurrence and behavior of human pathogens in, 257-259 popularity of, 499 Fruit attachment structures, 79 Fumigation, biological, 528 Fungi and viruses on plants, 48, 288-289 high hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP) of, 501-504 Fusarium, 450, 464-465, 465

Organic Gardeners Composting

Organic Gardeners Composting

Have you always wanted to grow your own vegetables but didn't know what to do? Here are the best tips on how to become a true and envied organic gardner.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment