Introduction

Nowadays, the goods produced from cellulose fibers have the largest share in the textile market due to the excellent exploitation properties of these fibers. Cotton is breathable, moisture and heat conductor, drawing moisture and heat away from the body, thereby providing coolness at wearing and thus overall consumers' comfort. Cotton fibers are soft, hypoallergenic (do not irritate sensitive skin or cause allergies) and anti-static, which is why they are particularly favored for underwear and garments that get close to the skin, bandages and gauzes. Furthermore, the cellulose fibers can be easily blended with other fibers such as synthetics like polyester or lycra to combine the good mechanical properties of the synthetic polymers with the benefits of using natural-based materials in specific applications, e.g., medical textiles, easy-care fabrics, non-woven, composites, etc.

However, chemical modification of cellulose fibers by introducing new functional groups or compounds is still needed in order to improve their performance characteristics, e.g., dye fixation, water and soil-repellence, crease-resistance, handle, flame-retardance, and others. For this purpose, a large number of chemical compounds are used depending on the specific application of the fibers. This chapter refers to two distinct functional finishes for cellulose fibers, namely crease resistant and flame retardant.

J. V. Edwards et al. (eds.), Modified Fibers with Medical and Specialty Applications, 159-180. © 2006 Springer. Printed in the Netherlands.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Anti Ageing And Skincare Made Easy

Anti Ageing And Skincare Made Easy

Not Too Happy With Your Dull, Lifeless Skin? Do You Get Self-Conscious About Your Looks Especially The Evening You Need To Attend A Party? Are You Frustrated With Your Futile Attempts To Get Back Your Once-Glowing Skin? Fret Not Finally Discover How You Can Bring In A Natural Glow To Your Skin And Uncover Super Effective Tips And Strategies To Enliven Your Looks Once Again Enjoy A Perfectly Healthy Skin That Breathes With HappinessAnd Make Every Head Turn To Take A Second Look At You

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment