With the help of the electrostatic spinning technology, biopolymers can be formed into nanofibrous structures which have great potential for medical applications. Due to their small size, the electrospun fibers provide a large surface-to-volume ratio and could be used for drug delivery, scaffolds for tissue engineering, or provide support for bone repair. Due to the relative ease of the electrospinning technique a large number of different polymeric materials including natural fibers have already been explored or will be in the near future. Carefully tailored surface chemistries of these micro- and nanofibers will continue to expand their applications in the medical field.


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