Standardized Test Preparation

DIRECTIONS: Choose the letter of the answer choice that best answers the question or completes the sentence.

1. A certain tropical tree has a fruit that is eaten by only one species of bats. As the bat digests the fruit, the seeds are made ready to sprout. When the bat excretes the wastes of the fruit, it drops seeds in new locations. Which of the following is the correct term for the relationship between the bat and the tree?

A. predation

B. mutualism

C. competition

D. commensalism

2. Which of the following is a parasite?

F. a lion hunting a zebra

G. a deer grazing on grass

H. a tick sucking blood from a dog J. a snake swallowing a bird's egg

3. Three species of birds forage for insects in the same tree. However, each species tends to forage in different parts of the tree. This pattern of foraging is best explained as an adaptation to which of the following relationships?

A. predation

B. mutualism

C. competition

D. commensalism

INTERPRETING GRAPHICS: The map below shows two islands. Use the map to answer the question that follows.

4. What can you infer about the number of species on each of these islands?

F. Island A has more species.

G. Island B has more species.

H. Island A and Island B will have the same number of species.

J. Both islands will have fewer species than islands that are located farther north.

DIRECTIONS: Complete the following analogy.

A. carnivore

B. plant

C. parasite

D. predation

INTERPRETING GRAPHICS: The shading in the graph below indicates the frequency with which a certain bird species obtains prey, by prey size and location. Use the graph to answer the question that follows.

Prey Size and Location

Prey Size and Location

6. Which of the following statements is best supported by this graph?

F. Most often, the bird eats insects.

G. Most often, the bird nests above ground.

H. Most often, the bird finds prey at ground level. J. Most often, the bird eats prey that is between 3 and 5 mm long.

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