Section 1

Carbon Compounds

• Organic compounds contain carbon atoms and are found in living things. Most inorganic compounds do not contain carbon atoms.

• Carbon atoms can readily form four covalent bonds with other atoms including other carbon atoms. The carbon bonds allow the carbon atoms to form a wide variety of simple and complex organic compounds.

• Functional groups are groups of atoms that influence the properties of molecules and the chemical reactions in

• Condensation reactions join monomers (small simple molecules) to form polymers. A condensation reaction releases water as a by-product. In a hydrolysis reaction, water is used to split polymers into monomers.

• Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) stores and releases energy during cell processes enabling organisms to function.

Vocabulary organic compound (p. 51) functional group (p. 52) monomer (p. 53)

polymer (p. 53) macromolecule (p. 53)

condensation reaction (p. 53) hydrolysis (p. 53)

adenosine triphosphate (ATP) (p. 54)

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