Section 1

Development of Behavior

• Behavior is an action or series of actions performed by an animal in response to a stimulus.

• Ethologists seek to learn the cause, genetic development, evolutionary history, and reproductive advantage of a behavior.

• Innate behaviors are instinctive behaviors that do not vary despite an animal's environment or experience. A fixed action pattern (FAP) is an example of an innate behavior.

• Learned behavior is a behavior that is based on experience.

• The four types of learned behavior are habituation, operant conditioning, classical conditioning, and problem solving.

• In some cases, such as with imprinting, genes and learning can interact to affect behavior.

Vocabulary ethologist (p. 887) behavior (p. 887) innate behavior (p. 888)

fixed action pattern (p. 888) learning (p. 889) habituation (p. 889)

operant conditioning (p. 889) classical conditioning (p. 890) reasoning (p. 890)

imprinting (p. B91) sensitive period (p. B91)

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