Part B

Tracing the Source of the Disease

9. If you are an infected person, give your name to your teacher. As names of infected people are written on the chalkboard or on the overhead projector, record them in your lab report in a table similar to Table B shown above.

10. Try to trace the original source of the infection, and then determine the transmission route of the disease. In your table, cross out the names of all the uninfected partners in Rounds 1, 2, and 3. There should be only two people in Round 1 who were infected. One of these people was the original carrier.

11. Draw a diagram that shows the transmission route of the disease through all three rounds. Your diagram may look something like the chart below. Include your diagram in your lab report.

Transmission Route

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3

12. In your diagram, insert the names of the two people in Round 1 who were infected and the names of their partners in Rounds 2 and 3.

13. To test whether a person was the original disease carrier, pour a sample from his or her dropper bottle into a clean test tube, and add indophenol indicator.

14. Jjt^ ¿fa Clean up your materials, and wash your ^^ ^r hands before leaving the lab.

Analysis and Conclusions

1. What might the clear fluid in each student's dropper bottle represent?

2. Does the simulated disease have any apparent symptoms?

3. What chemical is added to the test tubes when the rounds are completed?

4. What color indicates a positive result?

5. What color indicates a negative result?

6. Who was the original disease carrier?

7. After the three rounds, how many students were infected? Express this as a percentage of the number of students in the class.

8. If an epidemic occurred in your community, how might public-health officials work to stop the spread of the disease?

Further Inquiry

A public-health official is sent to investigate an outbreak of a new disease. Devise an experiment to allow the official to determine whether the disease has been caused by the passing of pathogens from person to person or by environmental conditions.

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