M

MacArthur, Robert, 403 macromolecules, 53 macronucleus, 507/ 508 macronutrients, 590, 59 If macrophages, 96/ 490, 490/ 960,

960/ 963, 964/ 970 mad cow disease, 494, 494/ madreporite, 765/ 766 magnesium, 591/ 983, 983/ 1076f magnetic resonance imaging

(MRI), 923 malaria, 509, 519, 519/ male reproductive system, 1049-1051, 1049/ 1050/ 1051/

Malpighian tubules, 731/ 732,

747, 747/ Malthus, Thomas, 300 mammals, 861-885 development, 867 digestive systems, 864/

865-866 endothermy, 864-865, 864/ evolution of, 780, 780/

862-863, 862/ 863/ 868/ major characteristics, 861, 884-885

modern humans, 876-877, 876/

placental, 863, 867, 870-874, 874f primates, 871, 875-878, 875/

876/ 877/ 878/-879Z threatened or extinct species, 443f mammary glands, 861 manatees, 873, 873/ mandibles, 728, 728/ 746, 746/ manganese, 591/ 1076f Mangold, Hilde, 662 mantle, 706, 706/ mantle cavity, 706, 706/ manual dexterity, 875/ map unit, 238 Marfan syndrome, 246f Margulis, Lynn, 505, 505/ Mars, 38

marsupials, 776/ 860/ 863, 867, 869

mass, 31, 1071

mass extinctions, 820-821, 820/ mass number, 32, 283 mastax, 698, 698/ mastigophorans, 502/ 508-509,

508/ 520, 520/ matrix, 908 matter, 31, 35, 35/ maxillae, 728, 728/ 746, 746/ maxillipeds, 728, 728/ Mayr, Ernst, 327 McArthur, Robert H., 370, 370/ McClintock, Barbara, 179, 179/ mechanoreceptors, 1020 medicines. See drugs medulla oblongata, 792, 792/ 808, 808/ 1012, 1012/ medusa, 676-677, 676/ megagametophytes, 612, 614/615 megasporangia, 612 megaspore mother cells, 614, 614/

megaspores, 611, 611/ 614, 614/ meiosis, 155, 161-164, 162/ 163/ 164/ 1053 crossing-over in, 162, 162/ formation of gametes, 163-164, 164/

melanin, 242, 924 melatonin, 1040 membrane potentials,

1005-1009, 1007/ membranes. See also plasma membrane around human embryos, 1058,

1058/ diffusion across, 98 ion pumps across, 103-104, 104/ 1007-1008, 1007/ mucous, 958, 958/ nictitating, 809,816 thylakoid, 114, 116-118, 116/

117/ 118/ tympanic, 809 water purification, 102 memory cells, 965-966, 965/ Mendel, Gregor, 173-178, 174/ 175/ 176/ 177/ 178/ 181

menopause, 1055 menstrual cycle, 1054-1055, 1054/ menstruation, 1055 meristems, 586, 586t merozoites, 519, 519/ mesentery, 807, 807/ mesoderm, 664 mesoglea, 676, 676/ mesohyl, 673, 674/ mesophiles, 470 mesophyll, 600, 601/ mesothorax, 745, 745/ Mesozoic era, 819, 820/, 1085t messenger RNA (mRNA), 205, 205/, 208-210, 208/, 209/, 287/

metabolism, 8, 36 metamorphosis, 748-749, 748/, 749/ 811, 811/ 1046-1047 metaphase, 156/, 157, 162-163,

162/ 163/ metastasis, 226 metathorax, 745, 745/ meteorites, 285

methanogens, 288-289, 289/, 462,

470, 1080 metric system, 23, 23t, 1070-1071,

1070t, 1071t microarrays, 254/, 264 microbiologists, 464, 464/ microevolution, 317 microfilaments, 74/, 84, 84t microgametophytes, 612 micronucleus, 507/, 508 micronutrients, 590, 591t micropyle, 612, 614, 614/ microscopes, 21-22, 21/, 69, 69/,

280, 1072-1073, 1072/ microspheres, 286, 286/, 288,

294-295 microsporangia, 612, 615, 615/ microspores, 611, 611/, 615, 615/ microtubules, 74/, 84, 84/, 84t,

85t, 88 microvilli, 990 midbrain, 1012, 1012/ midgut, 746, 746/ migration in birds, 365, 434/, 849-850, 850/

in butterflies, 898, 898/ of early humans, 880

milestones in bacterial disease treatment, 475/

in blood transfusions, 945/ in cell biology, 71 / in classification of organisms, 340/

in developmental biology, 662/ in environmental protection, 445/

in medicinal uses of plants, 553/ in recent DNA research, 227/ in vaccine development, 967/ milk, 134, 134/ 803, 853, 861

fermentation products of, 476 Miller-Urey experiment, 285, 285/ millipedes, 734, 734/ mimicry, 357/, 400, 401/, 750,

750/, 896 mineral nutrients, 590-591, 5911, 982-983, 983t mites, 733

apoptosis and, 141, 141/ chemiosmosis in, 139-140,

140/; 142 electron transport chain in,

139-140, 140/; 142 Krebs cycle in, 137-139, 137f, 138/

origin of, 290, 290f, 505, 505/ roles in disease and aging, 141 mitochondrial DNA, 80, 141 mitochondrial matrix, 137-140,

137/; 138/; 143 mitosis, 155-159, 156/; 157/; 158/;

159/; 168-169 mitral valve, 933/; 934 models, 17, 360, 370, 386-387, 386/ Molasses Reef, 426, 426/ molds, 527, 534-535, 535t 1081 molecular clock hypothesis, 344 molecular genetics, 178 molecules, 33, 33/; 39, 39/ moles, 871

mollusks, 659, 705-711 body plan, 706, 706/ classes, 707-711, 707/; 707t 708/; 709/; 710/; 711/ molting, 724, 724/; 844 molybdenum, 5911 1076i monarch butterflies, 748-749, 749/; 898, 898/

monocots dicots compared with, 576, 576t germination, 621-622, 622/ roots, 587, 587/; 589, 589/ seeds, 620, 620/ stems, 593-594, 594/ stomata, 602, 602/ Monod, Jacques, 217-218 monogamy, 895 monogeneans, 691-693, 692/ monohybrid crosses, 182-184, 182/; 183/; 184/; 190-191 monomers, 53, 53/ monosaccharides, 55, 55/; 64-65, 980

monosomy, 253

monotremes, 863, 867, 869, 869/ Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 235,

237-238 morphogenesis, 223 mosquitoes, 489, 518, 746/; 752 mosses, 567-568, 567/; 568/ characteristics, 1082 club, 564t 571, 571/; 571t 1083 life cycle, 609-610, 609/ peat moss, 568, 568/ motility. See movement motor neurons,1013-1015 mouth, 986, 986/ mouthparts, 706-707, 706/; 728,

728/; 746, 746/ mouth pore, 507/; 508 movable joints, 915-916, 915/;

916/ movement amoeboid, 506, 506/; 517, 517/ amphibians, 802

animals, 652, 652/ bipedal, 876, 876/ crustaceans, 728-729, 728/ earthworms, 714 flight, 842-843, 843/ insects, 745 mollusks, 707 nastic, 638-639, 638/; 639/ prokaryotes, 469 protists, 503, 506, 506/; 508, 517, 517/ MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), 923 mRNA. See messenger RNA mucous glands, 804 mucous membranes, 958, 958/ Muir, John, 445 Mullerian mimicry, 400, 750 multicellular organisms, 7, 76,

503, 651 multiple alleles, 244, 244/ multiple fission, 504 multiple impact hypothesis, 821 multiple sclerosis, 969 multiregional hypothesis, 880 muscles, 907, 908/; 917-922, 917/;

918/; 919/; 920/; 921/; 922/ mushrooms, 458/; 531, 531/; 536, 536/

mussels, 407, 407/; 446/; 447 mutations antibiotic resistance and, 473, 473/

cancer from, 228 chromosome, 239, 239/ in DNA replication, 202-203,

203/ gene, 240, 240/ genetic equilibrium and, 318, 321

of HIV virus, 970, 972 in homeotic genes, 224, 224/ mutualism, 403-404, 404/ mycology, 527

mycorrhizae, 533, 555, 588, 1082 myelin sheaths, 1005, 1006/ myofibrils, 919, 919/ myosin, 919-920, 919/; 920/ myriapods, 734, 734/

Sleeping Sound

Sleeping Sound

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Sleeping Well. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Getting The Rest You Need For Good Health.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment