Info

<¿y Standardized Test Preparation

DIRECTIONS: Choose the letter of the answer choice that best answers the question.

1. What is the term for the idea that geologic processes occurring now on Earth are much the same as those that occurred long ago?

A. catastrophism

B. uniformitarianism

C. adaptive radiation

D. convergent evolution

2. What is the term for the biological process by which the kinds of organisms on Earth change over time?

F. evolution

G. superposition

H. biogeography

J. uniformitarianism

3. When the internal structures of two species are very similar, what can be inferred about both species?

A. They share similar environments.

B. They evolved in similar environments.

C. They have similar external structures.

D. They evolved from a common ancestor.

INTERPRETING GRAPHICS: The graph below shows the variation in average beak size in a group of finches in the Galápagos Islands over time. These finches eat mostly seeds. Use the graph to answer the question that follows.

Average Beak Size in Galápagos Finches

4. Beak size in these finches is correlated to the size of seeds they can eat. What can be inferred from the graph?

F. In wet years, the finches that survive are mostly those that can eat larger seeds.

G. In dry years, the finches that survive are mostly those that can eat larger seeds.

H. In all years, the finches that survive are mostly those that can eat larger seeds.

J. In all years, the finches that survive are mostly those that can eat smaller seeds.

DIRECTIONS: Complete the following analogy.

5. vestigial : functional :: vacated :

A. used

B. visceral

C. broken

D. occupied

INTERPRETING GRAPHICS: The diagram below shows possible evolutionary relationships between some organisms. Use the diagram to answer the question that follows.

Woodpecker finch

Warbler finch tod

Glyptodont

Armadillo

Warbler finch tod

Glyptodont

Armadillo

I Early vertebrate i

I Early vertebrate i

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Sirens Sleep Solution

Sirens Sleep Solution

Discover How To Sleep In Peace And Harmony In A World Full Of Uncertainty And Dramatically Improve Your Quality Of Life Today! Finally You Can Fully Equip Yourself With These “Must Have” Tools For Achieving Peace And Calmness And Live A Life Of Comfort That You Deserve!

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment