Info

egg

oogenesis: gamete formation in female diploid organisms

-oma

swelling

carcinoma: cancerous tumor

org-

living

organism: living thing

orth-

straight

orthodontics: the practice of straightening teeth

pachy-

thick

pachyderm: thick-skinned animal, such as an elephant

para-

near, on

parasite: organism that lives on and gets nutrients from another organism

path-

disease

pathogen: disease-causing agent

peri-

around

pericardium: membrane around the heart

photo-

light

phototropism: bending of plants toward light

phyto-

plants

phytoplankton: plankton that consists of plants

-pod

foot

pseudopod: false foot that projects from the main part of an amoeboid cell

poly-

many

polypeptide: sequence of many amino acids joined together to form a protein

pre-

before

prediction: a forecast of events before they take place

-scope

instrument used to see something

microscope: instrument used to see very small objects

semi-

partially

semipermeable: allowing some particles to move through

some

body

chromosome: structure found in eukaryotic cells that contains DNA

sub-

under

substrate: molecule on which an enzyme acts

super-, supra-

above

superficial: on or near the surface of a tissue or organ

syn-

with

synapse: junction of a neuron with another cell

-tomy

to cut

appendectomy: operation in which the appendix is removed

trans-

across

transformation: the transfer of genetic material from one organism to another

ur-

referring to urine

urology: study of the urinary tract

visc-

organ

viscera: internal organs of the body

Reference a biologist's guide to the periodic table

Hydrogen is a component of all organic molecules and water. As an ion, hydrogen influences the pH of cellular and body fluids.
A BIOLOGIST'S GUIDE TO THE PERIODIC TABLE

Boron is used by plants during photosynthesis.

Nitrogen is a component of amino acids, hormones, and coenzymes.

Oxygen is needed for aerobic respiration and is a component of all organic compounds.

Zinc is required by plants to make chlorophyll and by humans to maintain a healthy digestive system.

Copper is needed to metabolize iron.

Carbon forms the backbone of all organic molecules.

Croup 13

Nickel is an important cofactor for plants to help them metabolize nitrogenous foods.

Copper is needed to metabolize iron.

Carbon forms the backbone of all organic molecules.

Croup 13

Nickel is an important cofactor for plants to help them metabolize nitrogenous foods.

A team at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories reported the discovery of elements 116 and 118 in June 1999.

The same team retracted the discovery in July 2001. The discovery of elements 113,114, and 115 has been reported but not confirmed.

Fluorine maintains bone structure.

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