Chapter Review

uSING vOCABULARY

1. Name the male and female gamete-producing organs.

2. Explain the differences between sperm and semen.

3. Explain the relationships between the following terms: menstrual cycle, menstruation, and menopause.

4. Word Roots and Origins The word blastocyst is derived from the Greek blastos, which means "bud," and kustis, which means "liquid-filled sac." Using this information, explain why the term blas-tocyst is a good name for the biological structure that the term describes.

Understanding Key Concepts

5. Name the sac of skin that houses the testes.

6. Identify the organ that deposits sperm in the female reproductive system.

7. Explain how semen is formed.

8. Describe the structure of a mature human sperm cell.

9. Sequence the path that sperm follow in leaving the body.

10. Identify four major parts of the female reproductive system.

11. Identify the function of the uterus.

12. State where eggs are produced.

13. Compare the formation of sperm to the formation of eggs.

14. Describe the function of the labia.

15. Predict in which period of the ovarian cycle that fertilization is most likely to occur.

16. Identify the part of the menstrual cycle that does not occur if implantation takes place.

17. Explain how a sperm penetrates an egg during fertilization.

18. Describe the processes of cleavage and implantation.

19. Discuss how the developing fetus receives nourishment.

20. List the differences between an embryo and a fetus.

21. Summarize the effects of drug use on development.

22. Outline fetal development during the second trimester.

23. State the changes the cervix undergoes during childbirth.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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