Backyard Composting

Organic Gardeners Composting

Organic Gardeners Composting

Have you always wanted to grow your own vegetables but didn't know what to do? Here are the best tips on how to become a true and envied organic gardner.

Get My Free Ebook

The Keys to a Great Compost

This informative eBook demonstrates the best ways to compost in order to improve your garden, make your vegetables and fruits taste better, and help save the soil and the environment. Over 20% of landfills are simply kitchen waste that could easily be recycled Why waste what you already produce? You have an easy source of organic health for your own garden at home, without having to spend large amounts of money in order to make really healthy soil. With today's composting technology, you can compost as much as suits your needs! If that is a little compost for a small home garden or a large plot that you grow food for your family or business, composting will be an easy and cheap way to improve the quality of your soil and thus your vegetables as well! This guide shows you every method of composting; from free methods you can do with no extra money all the way to elaborate by easy to set up composting rigs. Improve the environment, and get better tasting food!

The Keys to a Great Compost Summary


4.6 stars out of 11 votes

Contents: Ebook
Author: Duane Palmer
Price: $28.00

My The Keys to a Great Compost Review

Highly Recommended

This book comes with the great features it has and offers you a totally simple steps explaining everything in detail with a very understandable language for all those who are interested.

I personally recommend to buy this ebook. The quality is excellent and for this low price and 100% Money back guarantee, you have nothing to lose.

Download Now

Worlds Best Compost

What you'll discover in The Worlds Best Compost e-book: The method of feeding plants in a totally natural way that results in the tastiest, most divine food you and your family will ever have. Why youll use much less water in your garden using colloidal humus compost (and how youll be saving time, money, effort and even the environment!) The secret to healthy soil through massive microbial action. (If you could see these microscopic guys at work there's more action than a Schwarzenegger movie on crack!) The shameful, sheep mentality almost all agriculture and garden advisors suffer from that costs you time and money using dangerous, toxic gardening and horticulture practices (and is murdering our planet in the process!) How to develop a soil that.

Worlds Best Compost Summary

Contents: Ebook
Author: Rod Turner
Official Website:

Microbiology of Solid Waste Treatment

Commercial and Backyard Composting Alternative to Landfills Commercial and home composting programs are becoming popular in many areas and are succeeding in reducing the amount of organic waste added to landfills. Composting is the natural decomposition of organic solid material. Backyard composting involves mixing garden debris with kitchen organic waste, excluding meats and fats (figure 31.8). If proper amounts of warmth, water, and air are provided to the mix, the bulk of the waste is reduced by two-thirds in a matter of months. The black organic material generated by composting can then be used to fertilize garden beds. This material is rich in organic compounds and improves the soil for growing plants. Figure 31.9 shows the steps involved in composting. A backyard compost pile usually starts with a supply of organic material such as leaves and grass clippings, as well as kitchen wastes. Often, some soil and water are added. In a few days, the inside of the pile heats up. At 55 C...

Alpf Medical Research - Mushroom

Schisler, L.C., Biochemical and mycological aspects of mushroom composting, in Penn State Mushroom Shortcourse Manual, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1982, pp. 3-10. Weil, J., The Effect of Phase II Pasteurization on Populations of Select Human Pathogenic Bacteria in Mushroom Compost, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 2004. Sharma, H.S.S., Kilpatrick, M., and Ward, F., Colonisation of phase II compost by biotypes of Trichoderma harzianum and their effect on mushroom yield and quality, Appl. Microbiol. Biotech., 51, 572-578, 1999. Mumpuni, A., Sharma, H.S.S., and Brown, A.E., Effect of metabolites produced by Trichoderma harzianum biotypes and Agaricus bisporus on their respective growth radii in culture, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 64, 5053-5056, 1998. Visscher, H.R., Fructification of Agaricus bisporus (Lge.) Imb in relation to the relevant microflora in the casing soil, Mushroom Sci., 10, 641-655, 1978. Reddy, M.S. and Patrick, Z.A., Effect of...

Advantages and Disadvantages of Application

With the exploding demand for fresh fruits and vegetables by consumers in North America comes the necessary importation of produce from areas of the world where crops can be grown and harvested all year round. For example, the Produce Marketing Association stated that imports of fresh produce increased from 13.8 billion pounds in 1993 to 20.2 billion pounds in 2000. The quality of fruit in winter is now nearly equivalent to fruit sold in the warmer months due to significant improvements in storage, transportation, and distribution. Unfortunately, the incidence of foodborne illness also coincides with this increased bounty of fresh fruits and vegetables (both domestic and imported). For example, in the marketplace the most dangerous food related to acute illness is not derived from meat, milk, eggs, or seafood, but is a plant product sprouts 1 . In fact, while meat is the most regulated and monitored food commodity, in comparison fruits and vegetables receive only a fraction of...

Molecular Detection of Functional Gene Signatures for Detecting Pathogens in Soil

Detection of pathogens and assessment of their activity in the environment is important for ecological studies as well as for public health. A variety of microbial pathogens that infect humans and animals are known to survive in soil, e.g. enteric pathogens such as Salmonella sp., Vibrio cholerae, Shigella sp., Campylobacter jejuni, Yersinia sp., Escherichia coli O157 h7 (Santamaria and Toranzos 2003) and other pathogens such as Mycobacterium bovis (Young et al. 2005). Pathogens enter the soil via excreta of infected wild and domesticated animals, and animal and human waste applied to agricultural land as fertiliser. Landfill leachates present an additional route for human and animal pathogens to enter the soil in 1993, the US generated 156 million tons of waste, which was sequestered in landfills. Household waste can contain pathogens present in human and animal faeces, food waste and sewage sludge (Santamaria and Toranzos 2003). The use of microarrays for the detection of pathogens...

Contamination By Human Pathogens

Soil amendments are commonly but not always incorporated into agricultural soils used for fruit and vegetable production to add organic and inorganic nutrients to the soil as well as to reduce soil compaction. Human pathogens may persist in animal manures for weeks or even months 24,25 . Proper composting via thermal treatment will reduce the risk of potential foodborne illness. However, the persistence of many human pathogens in untreated agricultural soils is currently unknown and under extensive investigation 26-28 .

Research Needs

Identification of better methods to determine the food safety risk associated with a particular lot of composted manure to be used as a soil amendment is warranted. Identification of indicator microorganisms that correlate well with the presence absence of viable human pathogens is needed. Determination of the time temperature history and other composting variables that affect the survival of human pathogens in compost is also needed.


HACCP (hazard analysis critical control point) is increasingly being adopted by mushroom growers as a system to enhance the safety of fresh mushrooms. Studies at Penn State have been conducted to validate critical control points to ensure the safety of irrigation water 29,30 and the mushroom compost substrate 8 . Since heat pasteurization is not a practical method to disinfect the casing layer, research is needed to understand the microbial ecology of this material and thereby identify and validate other practical casing or mushroom disinfection procedures.

Valuable Worm

C. elegans is a type of worm called a nematode, or roundworm. According to journalist Andrew Brown's book about research on C. elegans, In the Beginning Was the Worm, nematodes are overwhelmingly the most numerous animals on Earth. They are also among the planet's oldest multicelled creatures. Some nematodes are parasites, living on or in a variety of other living things, including humans, but C. elegans lives harmlessly in soil or compost heaps and eats mostly bacteria. The worm has a smooth, cylindrical body that tapers to a point at each end.


The sexual forms of Zygomycetes are characterized by thick-walled spinous zygospores the asexual forms are characterized by sporangia. Spores of this group generally are not prominent in the air, but can be found in abundance in damp basements and around composting vegetation. The order Mucorales includes the allergenic species Rhizopus nigricans and Mucor racemosus. Rhizopus nigricans is the black bread mold whose hyphae are colorless but whose sporangia (visible to the naked eye) are black.

Organic Amendments

In general, recent additions of organic residues can stimulate enzyme activities as the result of microbial proliferation or enzyme induction in response to the amendment, if inhibitory substances are not present in organic residues such as heavy metals in municipal solid waste (MSW) compost. Indeed the ratios between acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, a-glucosidase, arylsulfatase, or urease activity and microbial biomass were significantly increased by manure regardless of crop type in historic Sanborn field (Missouri) soil under various cropping and management practices since 1888 (Eivazi et al. 2003). However, repeated annual organic fertilisation can usually lead to lower levels of enzyme activity (Perucci 1992 Marcote et al. 2001) even if constant values were found in some long-term experiments because constant and regular organic addition balanced stimulation and suppression of enzyme activity (Martens et al. 1992). The activities of 3-glucosidase, nitrate reductase,...