Ethical considerations for studying drugs in lactating women must be tended to in the study design and when conducting studies. Since clinical lactation studies that do not expose the breast-fed infant to drug can be done, usually the ethical hurdles are not as problematic as with pregnancy. In general, if breast-fed infants are included in clinical lactation studies, women should already have made the decision to use the particular drug of interest to treat a medical condition during breastfeeding and have made the decision to continue to breastfeed in order for a study to proceed. The patient should not, ordinarily, be making the decision to take the study medication in order to participate in the study.
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For many years, scientists have been playing out the ingredients that make breast milk the perfect food for babies. They've discovered to day over 200 close compounds to fight infection, help the immune system mature, aid in digestion, and support brain growth - nature made properties that science simply cannot copy. The important long term benefits of breast feeding include reduced risk of asthma, allergies, obesity, and some forms of childhood cancer. The more that scientists continue to learn, the better breast milk looks.