Symptoms And Signs Of Cerebellar Dysfunction

Disturbance of speech

Scanning dysarthria may occur with speech occasionally delivered with sudden unexpected force - explosive speech. Whether dysarthria results from hemisphere or midline vermis disease remains debatable.

Dysarthria, like nystagmus, is an inconsistent finding in cerebellar disease.

Titubation

Titubation is a rhythmic 'nodding' tremor of the head from side to side or to and fro, usually associated with distal limb tremor. It appears to be of little localising value.

Head tilt

Abnormal head tilt suggests a lesion of the anterior vermis. Note that a IV (trochlear) cranial nerve palsy and tonsillar herniation also produce this abnormal posture.

Involuntary movements

Myoclonic jerks and choreiform involuntary movements occur with extensive cerebellar disease involving the deep nuclei.

ASSOCIATED NON-CEREBELLAR SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS: These arise from:

(Extensor spasms from brain stem damage may be wrongly described as 'cerebellar fits'.)

- obstructive hydrocephalus

- cranial nerve involvement

- brain stem involvement.

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