Opportunistic infections

These infections occur in immunocompromised patients. Certain types of immunological deficiency tend to be associated with specific forms of infection.

T cell ¡macrophage deficiency

B cell immunoglobulin deficiency

Granulocyte deficiency

Causes: e.g. AIDS

Chronic lymphatic leukaemia

Marrow infiltration

Lymphoreticular

Primary hypogammaglobulinemia

Aplastic anaemia

tumours

Immunosuppressant

Splenectomy

Chemotherapy/

drugs

radiotherapy

Organisms:

Viruses — Cytomegalovirus

Measles

Herpes simplex/zoster

Enteroviruses

JC virus

Bacteria — Listeria

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Enterobacteria

Nocardia

Haemophilus influenzae

Staphylococcus aureus

Mycobacterium, etc.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc.

P. aeruginosa, etc.

Fungi - Aspergillus

Aspergillus

Candida

Candida

Mucoraceae

Mucoraceae

Parasites - Toxoplasmosis

CLINICAL SYNDROMES, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT Clinical Diagnosis Treatment

CLINICAL SYNDROMES, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT Clinical Diagnosis Treatment

Other viral infections are dealt with in the appropriate section (pages 484-486).

Other viral infections are dealt with in the appropriate section (pages 484-486).

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