Cranial Nerve Examination

Optic fundus (Ophthalmoscopy)

Ask the patient to fixate on a distant object away from any bright light. Use the right eye to examine the patient's right eye and the left eye to examine the patient's left eye.

Note clarity of the disc edge

Look for haemorrhages or white patches of exudate

Adjust the ophthalmoscope lens until the retinal vessels are in focus and trace these back to the optic disc

Ask the patient to look at the light of the ophthalmoscope. This brings N the macula into view

Note width of blood vessels and look for arteriovenous nipping at cross-over points.

If small pupil size prevents fundal examination, then dilate pupil with homatropine. This is contraindicated if either an acute expanding lesion or glaucoma is suspected.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

This guide will help millions of people understand this condition so that they can take control of their lives and make informed decisions. The ebook covers information on a vast number of different types of neuropathy. In addition, it will be a useful resource for their families, caregivers, and health care providers.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment