Causative organisms

In neonates - Gram -ve bacilli, e.g. E. coli, Klebsiella.

Haemophilus influenzae. In children - Haemophilus influenzae. Pneumococcus (Strep, pneumoniae).

Meningococcus. (Neisseria meningitidis). In adults - Pneumococcus. Meningococcus.

Other bacteria - Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus - are occasionally responsible.

Host factors (congenital or acquired immune deficiency, hyposplenism and alcoholism) predispose to infection, as do environmental factors (overcrowding and poverty).

Infections of mixed aetiology (two or more bacteria) may occur following head injury, mastoiditis or iatrogenically after lumbar puncture.

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Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Alcoholism is something that can't be formed in easy terms. Alcoholism as a whole refers to the circumstance whereby there's an obsession in man to keep ingesting beverages with alcohol content which is injurious to health. The circumstance of alcoholism doesn't let the person addicted have any command over ingestion despite being cognizant of the damaging consequences ensuing from it.

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