1. Pallor not associated with tachycardia or signs of hypovolemia suggests chronic excessive blood loss secondary to anovulatory bleeding, adenomyosis, uterine myomas, or blood dyscrasia.
2. Signs of impending shock indicate that the blood loss is related to pregnancy (including ectopic), trauma, sepsis, or neoplasia.
3. Pelvic masses may represent pregnancy, uterine or ovarian neoplasia, or a pelvic abscess or hematoma.
4. Fever, leukocytosis, and pelvic tenderness suggests PID.
6. Ecchymoses or multiple bruises may indicate trauma, coagulation defects, medication use, or dietary extremes.
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