Contents

The conceptual framework

1

Dimension

82

A priori

3

Dopamine

84

Acetylcholine

4

Drosophila melanogaster

85

Acquisition

6

Engram

87

Algorithm

8

Enigma

89

Amnesia

10

Episodic memory

91

Amygdala

12

Experimental extinction

94

Anthropomorphism

14

False memory

95

Aplysia

15

Fear conditioning

97

Artefact

17

Flashbulb memory

99

Assay

19

Forgetting

100

Associative learning

20

Functional neuroimaging

102

Attention

22

Generalization

106

Behaviourism

24

Glutamate

108

Bias

25

Habit

110

Binding

26

Habituation

112

Birdsong

28

Hippocampus

114

Calcium

30

Homeostasis

117

Capacity

31

Homo sapiens sapiens

119

Cell assembly

33

Homunculus

121

Cerebellum

34

Honeybee

122

Cerebral cortex

38

Immediate early genes

124

Classic

41

Imprinting

125

Classical conditioning

44

Infantile amnesia

127

Clever Hans

47

Insight

128

Coincidence detector

49

Instrumental conditioning

130

Collective memory

51

Internal representation

133

Conditioned taste aversion

52

Intracellular signal transduction cascade

135

Confabulation

54

Ion channel

137

Conscious awareness

57

Late response genes

139

Consolidation

59

Learning

140

Context

61

Learning set

143

Controls

63

Level

145

CREB

65

Limbic system

146

Criterion

68

Long-term potentiation

148

Cue

69

Lotus

151

Culture

71

Map

152

Declarative memory

73

Maze

155

Delay task

75

Memory

157

Dementia

77

Metamemory

158

Development

79

Metaphor

160

Metaplasticity

161

Rat

208

Method

163

Real-life memory

209

Mnemonics

165

Recall

210

Model

168

Receptor

212

Monkey

169

Recognition

214

Mouse

171

Red herring

216

Neurogenetics

172

Reduction

217

Neurotransmitter

174

Reinforcer

219

Nootropics

176

Retrieval

221

Noradrenaline

178

Scoopophobia

224

Nutrients

179

Sensitization

225

Observational learning

180

Simple system

227

Ockham's razor

182

Skill

229

Palimpsest

184

Spaced training

232

Paradigm

185

State-dependent learning

233

Percept

187

Stimulus

234

Performance

189

Subject

237

Persistence

190

Surprise

238

Phase

192

Synapse

240

Phrenology

194

System

242

Planning

196

Taxonomy

244

Plasticity

198

Transfer

247

Priming

200

Working memory

249

Prospective memory

202

Zeitgeist

251

Protein kinase

203

References

253

Protein synthesis

206

Subject index

321

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