References

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2 Ariyama J, Suyama M, Satoh K, Wakabayashi K: Endoscopic ultrasound and intraductal ultrasound in the diagnosis of small pancreatic tumors. Abdom Imaging 1998;23:380-386.

3 Ariyama J, Suyama M, Satoh K, Sai J: Imaging of small pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Pancreas 1998;16:396-401.

4 Ariyama J, Suyama M, Ogawa K, Ikari T, Nagaiwa J, Fujii D, Tsuchida A: The detection and prognosis of small pancreatic carcinoma. Int J Pathol 1990;7:37-47.

5 Kozuka S, Sassa R, Taki T, Masamoto K, Nagasawa S, Saga S, Hasegawa K, Takeuchi M: Relation of pancreatic duct hyperplasia to carcinoma. Cancer Res 1979;43:1418-1428.

6 Klimstra DS, Longnecker DS: K-ras mutations in pancreatic ductal proliferative lesions. Am J Pathol 1994;145:1547-1550.

7 Hruban RH, Adsay NV Albores-Saavedra J, Compton C, Garrett ES, Goodman SN, Kern SE, Klimstra DS, Klöppel G, Longnecker DS, Lüttges J, Offerhasus JA: Pancreatic intraepithelial neo-plasia: a new nomenclature and classification system for pancreatic duct lesions. Am J Surg Pathol 2001;25:579-583.

8 Hruban RH, Takaori K, Klimstra DS, Adsay NV Albores-Saavedra J, Fukushima N, Furukawa T, Goggins M, Kato Y, Klöppel G, Longnecker DS, Lüttges J, Maitra A, Offerhaus JA, Shimizu M, Yonezawa S: An illustrated consensus on classification of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. Am J Surg Pathol 2004;28:977-987.

9 Yamano M, Fujii H, Takagi T, Kadowaki N, Watanabe H, Shirai T: Genetic progression and divergence in pancreatic carcinoma. Am J Pathol 2000;156:2123-2133.

10 Yamasaki S, Suda K, Nobukawa B, Sonoue H: Intraductal spread of pancreatic cancer. Pancreatology 2002;2:407-412.

11 Tanase H, Suda K, Yamasaki S, Nobukawa B: Intraductal low papillary histological pattern of carcinoma component shows intraductal spread in invasive carcinoma of the pancreas. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2006;13:235-238.

12 Hara H, Suda K, Oyama T: Two cytologic patterns in invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Acta Cytol 2005;49:611-620.

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14 Ohhashi K, Yamao K, Watanabe Y, Furukawa T, Yasui K, MorimotoT, Shimizu Y, Hirooka Y, Naito Y, Hayakawa T: EUS and IDUS diagnosis of ts1 pancreatic carcinoma (in Japanese). J Gastroenterol Imaging 1999;1:803-807.

15 Kawahira H, Hasebe T, Kinoshita T, Sasaki S, Konishi M, Nakagori T, Inoue K, Oda T, Takahashi S, Ochiai T, Ochiai A: The intraductal carcinoma component is a significant prognostic parameter in patient with invasive ductal carcinoma of the pancreas. Jpn J Cancer Res 2002;93:1138-1144.

16 Longnecker DS, Adsay NV, Castillo CF, Hruban RH, Kasugai T, Klimstra DS, Klöppel G, Lüttges J, Memoli VA, Tosteson D, Yanagisawa A, Wilentz R, Zomboni G: Histopathological diagnosis of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia and intraductal papillary-mucous neoplasms: Interobserver agreement. Pancreas 2005;31:344-349.

Bunsei Nobukawa, MD, PhD

Department of Human Pathology, Juntendo University School of Medicine 2-1-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 113-8421 (Japan)

Tel. +81 3 5802 1037, Fax +81 3 3812 1056, E-Mail [email protected]

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