Cause and Incidence of Pancreatic Ischemia

Some authors have described the various causes of pancreatic ischemia or infarct, such as periarteritis nodosa, malignant essential hypertension, embolism, and splenic or superior mesenteric arterial thrombosis [2]. Recently our investigations revealed pancreatic ischemia caused by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and cholesterol emboli [5, 6]. McKay et al. suggested that cardiac failure with hypotension or shock can cause pancreatic ischemia [3]. The incidence of pancreatic ischemia is unclear. McKay described that pancreatic infarcts were found in only 0.19% of 21,481 consecutive necropsies at the Mayo Clinic [3]. Our study revealed that fresh ischemic lesions were found in 20% (7/35) of cases of DIC and in 12% (2/17) of cases of cholesterol emboli [5, 6].

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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