A person who is susceptible to a nosocomial infection is one who has a compromised immune system. Compared to the general public, patients in hospitals have a lowered resistance to disease, thus making them more susceptible to infections. Many of these patients are said to be "compromised hosts"—they have breaks in their skin due to accidental or surgical wounds (lesions, bedsores, or burns). Others may have compromised mucous membranes that line the respiratory tract, the digestive tract, or the urinary and reproductive system, making them more susceptible to disease-causing pathogens.
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