Taxonomy organizes large amounts of information about organisms whose members of a particular group share many characteristics. Taxonomy lets scientists make predictions and design a hypothesis for future research on the knowledge of similar organisms. A hypothesis is a possible explanation for an observation that needs experimentation and testing.
If a relative of an organism has the same properties, the organism may also have the same characteristics. Taxonomy puts microorganisms into groups with precise names, enabling microbiologists to communicate with each other in an efficient manner. Taxonomy is indispensable for the accurate identification of microorganisms. For example, once a microbiologist or epidemiologist identifies a pathogen that infects a patient, physicians know the proper treatment that will cure the patient.
Was this article helpful?