Get Rid Of House Centipedes
Turnbo collected stories of large centipedes in the Ozarks in the mid-nineteenth century. An 18-inch centipede was said to have been captured alive by Bent Music on Jimmie's Creek in Marion County, Arkansas, in 1860. It was placed in a jar of alcohol in a drugstore in Yellville, but people lost track of it during the Civil War. Possible explanation The largest known species of centipede in North America is the Giant desert centipede (Scolopendra heros), a black-and-orange banded animal with yellow legs that grows to more than 8 inches. It is found in Mexico and the southern United States. Females guard their hatchlings closely for a few days after birth. A related species, the Galapagos centipede (S. galapagensis), is the largest in the world, growing to 17 inches. Sources Desmond Walls Allen, ed., Turnbo's Tales ofthe Ozarks Snakes, Birds and Insect Stories (Conway Arkansas Research, 1989) Silas Claiborn Turnbo, The White River Chronicles of S. C. Turnbo...
There are 25 different animal phyla each phylum represents a basic type of animal Figure 19-1). For example, annelids are composed of simple repeating body segments, whereas many mollusks are twisted or coiled (consider snails, for example). In terms of sheer numbers and diversity, the arthropods are the most successful animal phylum. They include sea creatures such as horseshoe crabs, lobsters and shrimp, as well as land animals including insects, centipedes, and spiders. Many members of this phylum can fly. Where did all this evolutionary diversity come from We are just starting to get some answers.
Arthropods embrace live groups trilobites (sadly extinct , hexapods (such as insects , crustaceans (shrimp, lobsters, crabs, and so on), myr-iapods (centipedes and millipedes), and chelicerates (horseshoe crabs, spiders, and scorpions). The success of the arthropods derives, in part, from their modular architecture. These organisms are composed of a series of repeating body segments that can be modified in seemingly limitless ways. Some segments carry wings, whereas others have antennae, legs, jaws, or specialized mating devices. We know more about the evolutionary processes responsible for the diversification of arthropods than for my other group of animals.
In the Phylum Cnidaria (corals and jellyfish) are the Giant JELLYHSH and the CUEIO (which may also be an octopus). The Phyl um Arthropoda (animal s with jointed l egs) includes the sea spiders (DEEP-SEA Spider), myr-iapods (Giant Centipede), arachnids (Giant Spider), insects (Golden ANTand giant MadaGASCAN Hawk Moth), and crustaceans (MagGOT and Specs). The Phyl um Annel ida (segmented worms) may be appropriate for the Mongolian Death Worm (more likely a snake or lizard) and The Thing (a polychaete worm). Acorn Worms (Giant) Cuero Deep-Sea Spider Giant Centipede Giant Jellyfish Giant Spider Golden Ant Lophenterop-neust Madagascan Hawk Moth (Giant) Maggot Mongolian Death Worm Specs The Thing
The arthropods play a major role in the transmission of disease-producing agents such as protozoa and helminths, and of course of bacteria, viruses, and rickettsiae. Although their roles as vectors are important, it must be remembered that arthropods may also parasitize man. The bites of ticks and mosquitoes and of a large number of other insects are unfortunately familiar to us. Forty-five different arthropods belonging to five classes are of global medical importance, including centipedes (Chilopoda), crabs, crayfish and copepods (Crustaceas), insects (Hexopoda), and tongueworms (Pentastomida). For further details of arthropods indigenous to the North, see Chapters 3-7.
The subphylum Myriapoda (MIR-ee-AHP-uh-duh), includes the class Diplopoda (duh-PLAH-puh-duh), which consists of millipedes, and the class Chilopoda (KIE-LAHP-uh-duh), which consists of centipedes. Myriapoda means many feet, and is so named because myriapods have many body segments, most of which have one or two pairs of legs each. Unlike crustaceans, myriapods have one pair of unbranched antennae. They are terrestrial but lack a waxy exoskeleton. They avoid drying out by living in damp areas. Class Chilopoda Centipedes are members of the class Chilopoda. Centipedes may have as few as 15 or as many as 175 pairs of legs. In tropical regions centipedes reach lengths of 30 cm (12 in.). Their bodies are more flattened than those of millipedes, and their legs are longer relative to their body, as Figure 36-13b shows. Each body segment behind the head, except the first segment and the last two segments, has one pair of jointed legs. The appendages on the first segment are modified into a...