References

Grow Taller 4 Idiots

How to Grow Taller

Get Instant Access

1. AGA technical review on short bowel syndrome and intestinal transplantation. Gastroenterology 2003;124:1111-1134.

2. Vanderhoof JA, Langnas AN. Short-bowel syndrome in children and adults. Gastroenterology 1997;113:1767-1778.

3. Dabney A, Thompson J, DiBaise J, et al. Short bowel syndrome after trauma. Am J Surg 2004;188:792-5.

4. Jeppesen PB, Mortensen PB. Intestinal failure defined by measurements of intestinal energy and wet weight absorption. Gut 2000;46:701-706.

5. Messing B, Crenn P, Beau P, et al. Long-term survival and parenteral nutrition dependence in adult patients with the short bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 1999;117:1043-50.

6. Vanderhoof JA, Young RJ, Thompson JS. New and emerging therapies for short bowel syndrome in children. Paediatr Drugs 2003;5(8):525.

7. Van Gossum A, Bakker H, Bozetti F, et al. Home parenteral nutrition in adults: a European multicenter study in 1997. Clin Nutr 1999;18:135-140.

8. Howard L, Ament M, Fleming CR, et al. Current use and clinical outcome of home parenteral and enteral nutrition therapies in the United States. Gastroenterology 1995;109:355-365.

9. Jeppesen PB, Langholz, Mortensen PB. Quality of life in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition. Gut 1999;44:844-852.

10. Howard L, Ashley C. Management of complications in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition. Gastroenterology 2003;124:1651-1661.

11. Scolapio JS, Fleming CR, Kelly DG, et al. Survival of home parenteral nutrition-treated patients: 20 years of experience at the Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clin Proc 1999;74:217-222.

12. Messing B, Lemann M, Landais P, et al. Prognosis of patients with nonma-lignant chronic intestinal failure receiving long-term home parenteral nutrition. Gastroenterology 1995;108:1005-1010.

13. Carbonnel F, Cosnes J, Chevret S, et al. The role of anatomic factors in nutritional autonomy after extensive small bowel resection. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1996;20:275-80.

14. Borgstrom B, Daalq A, Lundh G, Sjovall J. Studies of intestinal digestion and absorption in the human. J Clin Invest 1957;36:1521-1536.

15. Fordtran JS, Rector FC Jr., Carter NW. The mechanisms of sodium absorption in the human small intestine. J Clin Invest 1968;47:884-900.

16. Nightingale JM, Kamm MA, van der Sijp JR, et al. Gastrointestinal hormones in short bowel syndrome. Peptide YY may be the 'colonic brake' to gastric emptying. Gut 1996;39:267-272.

17. Fich A, Steadman CJ, Phillips SF, et al. Ileocolonic transit does not change after right hemicolectomy. Gastroenterology 1992;103:794-799.

18. Singleton AO, Redmond DC, McMurray JE. Ileocecal resection and small bowel transit and absorption. Ann Surg 1964;159:690-694.

19. Debongnie JC, Phillips SF. Capacity of the colon to absorb fluid. Gastroen-terology. 1978;74:698-703.

20. Pironi L, Stanghellini V, Miglioli, et al. Fat-induced ileal brake in humans: a dose-dependent phenomenon correlated to plasma levels of peptide YY. Gastroenterology 1993;105:733-739.

21. Jorgensen JR, Fitch MD, Mortensen PB, Fleming SE. In vivo absorption of medium-chain fatty acids by the rat colon exceeds that of short-chain fatty acids. Gastroenterology 2001;120:1152-61.

22. Nordgaard I, Hansen BS, Mortensen PB. Importance of colonic support for energy absorption as small bowel failure proceeds. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;64:222-231.

23. Nightingale JM, Bartram CI, Lennard-Jones JE. Length of residual small bowel after partial resection: correlation between radiographic and surgical measurements. Gastrointest Radiol 1991;16:305-306.

24. Siebert JR. Small-intestine length in infants and children. Am J Dis Child 1980;134(6):593.

25. Dowling RH, Booth CC. Structural and functional changes following small intestinal resection in the rat. Clin Sci 1967;32:139-149.

26. Thompson JS, Ferguson DC. Effect of the distal remnant on ileal adaptation. J Gastrointest Surg 2000;4:430-434.

27. Nightingale JMD, Lennard-Jones JE, Gertner DJ, et al. Colonic preservation reduces the need for parenteral therapy, increases the incidence of renal stones but does not change the high prevalence of gallstones in patients with a short bowel. Gut 1992;33:1493-1497.

28. Pullan JM. Massive intestinal resection. Proc R Soc Med 1959;52:31-37.

29. Williamson RCN, Chir M. Intestinal adaptation: mechanisms of control. N Engl J Med 1978;298:1444-1450.

30. Williamson RCN, Chir M. Intestinal adaptation: structural, functional and cytokinetic changes. N Engl J Med 1978;298:1393-1402.

31. Thiesen A, Drozdowski L, Iordache C, et al. Adaptation following intestinal resection: mechanisms and signals. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2003;17:981-995.

32. Dowling FH, Booth CC. Functional compensation after small bowel resection in man: demonstration by direct measurement. Lancet 1966;2:146-147.

33. Crenn P, Coudray-Lucas C, Thuillier F, et al. Postabsorptive plasma citrulline concentration is a marker of absorptive enterocyte mass and intestinal failure in humans. Gastroenterology. 2000 Dec;119:1496-1505.

34. Seguy D, Vahedi K, Kapel N, et al. Low-dose growth hormone in adult home parenteral nutrition-dependent short bowel syndrome patients: a positive study. Gastroenterology 2003;124:293-302.

35. Brown CR, DiBaise JK. Intestinal rehabilitation: a management program for short-bowel syndrome. Prog Transplant 2004;14:290-6; quiz 297-8.

36. McIntyre PB, Fitchew M, Lennard-Jones JE. Patients with a high jejunostomy do not need a special diet. Gastroenterology 1986;91:25-33.

37. Norgaard I, Hansen BS, Mortensen PB. Colon as a digestive organ in patients with short bowel. Lancet 1994;343:373-376.

38. Woolf GM, Miller C, Kurian R, Jeejeebhoy KN. Nutritional absorption in short bowel syndrome. Evaluation of fluid, calorie, and divalent cation requirements. Dig Dis Sci 1987;32:8-15.

39. Byrne TA, Veglia L, Camelio M, et al. Beyond the prescription: optimizing the diet of patients with short bowel syndrome. Nutr Clin Pract 2000;15:306-311.

40. Weiming Z, Ning L, Jieshou L. Effect of recombinant human growth hormone and enteral nutrition on short bowel syndrome. J Parenter Enter Nutr 2004;28: 377-281.

41. Sladen GE, Dawson AM. Inter-relationships between the absorptions of glucose, sodium and water by the normal human jejunum. Clin Sci 1969;36:119-132.

42. Rodrigues Ca, Lennard-Jones JE, Thompson DG, Farthing MJG. What is the ideal sodium concentration of oral rehydration solutions for short bowel patients. Clin Sci 1988;74:69.

43. Nightingale JM, Lennard-Jones JE, Walker ER, Farthing MJ. Oral salt supplements to compensate for jejunostomy losses: comparison of sodium chloride capsules, glucose electrolyte solution, and glucose polymer electrolyte solution. Gut 1992;33:759-761.

44. Marteau P, Messing B, Arrigoni E, et al. Do short bowel patients need a lactose-free diet? Nutrition 1997;13:13-16.

45. Jeppesen PB, Mortensen PB. The influence of a preserved colon on the absorption of medium chain fat in patients with small bowel resection. Gut 1998;43:478-483.

46. Jeppesen PB, Howy CE, Mortensen PB. Deficiencies of essential fatty acids, vitamin A and E and changes in plasma lipoproteins in patients with reduced fat absorption or intestinal failure. Eur J Clin Nutr 2000;54:632-642.

47. Nordgaard I, Hansen BS, Mortensen PB. Importance of colonic support for energy absorption as small-bowel failure proceeds. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;64:222-231.

48. Finkel Y, Brown G, Smith HL, et al. The effects of a pectin-supplemented elemental diet in a boy with short gut syndrome. Acta Paediatr Scan 1990;79: 983-986.

49. Byrne TA, Morrisey TB, Nattakom TV, et al. Growth hormone, glutamine and a modified diet enhance nutrient absorption in patients with severe short bowel syndrome. J Parenter Enter Nutr 1995;222:296-302.

50. Fuse K, Bamba T, Hosoda S. Effects of pectin on fatty acid and glucose absorption and on the thickness of the unstirred water layer in rat and human intestine. Dig Dis Sci 1989;34:1109-1116.

51. Williams NS, Evans P, King RFGJ. Gastric acid secretion and gastrin production in the short bowel syndrome. Gut 1985;26:914-919.

52. Cortot A, Fleming CR, Malagelada JR. Improved nutrient absorption after cimetidine in short-bowel syndrome with gastric hypersecretion. N Engl J Med. 1979 11;300:79-80.

53. Fried M, Siegrist H, Frei R, et al. Duodenal bacterial overgrowth during treatment in outpatients with omeprazole. Gut 1994;35:23-26.

54. Cooper JC, Williams NS, King RF, et al. Effects of a long-acting somatostatin analogue inpatients with severe ileostomy diarrhea. Br J Surg 1986;73:128-131.

55. Ladefofed K, Christensen KC, Hegnhoj J, Jarnum S. Effect of a long-acting somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 on jejunostomy effluents in patients with severe short bowel syndrome. Gut 1989;30:943-949.

56. Nehra V, Camilleri M, Burton D, et al. An open trial of octreotide long-acting release in the management of short bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol 2001;96:1494-1498.

57. O'Keefe SJD, Haymond MW, Bennet WM, et al. Long-acting somatostatin analogue therapy and protein metabolism in patients with jejunostomies. Gastroenterology 1994;107:379-388.

58. Sukhotnik I, Khateeb K, Krausz MM, et al. Sandostatin impairs postresection intestinal adaptation in a rat model of short bowel syndrome. Dig Dis Sci 2002;47:2095-2102.

59. Vanderhoof JA, Kollman KA. Lack of inhibitory effect of octreotide on intestinal adaptation in short bowel syndrome in the rat. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1998;26:241-244.

60. King RFGJ, Norton T, Hill GL. A double-blind crossover study of the effect of loperamide hydrochloride and codeine phosphate on ileostomy output. Aust NZ J Surg 1982;52:121-124.

61. Rovera G, Furukawa H, Reyes J, et al. The use of clonidine for the treatment of high intestinal output following small bowel transplantation. Transplant Proceed 1997;29:1853-1854.

62. Buchman AL, Wallin A, Fryer J, Polensky S. Clonidine reduces fecal weight and sodium losses modestly in some patients with proximal jejunostomy. Gastroenterology 2005;128:A399 (abstract).

63. Little KH, Schiller LR, Bilhartz LE, Fordtran JS. Treatment of severe steatorrhea with ox bile in an ileectomy patient with residual colon. Dig Dis Sci 1992;37: 929-933.

64. Heydorn S, Jeppesen PB, Mortensen PB. Bile acid replacement therapy with cholylsarcosine for short-bowel syndrome. Scand J Gastroenterol 1999;34: 818-823.

65. Hoffman AF, Poley R. Role of bile acid malabsorption in pathogenesis of diarrhea and steatorrhea in patients with ileal resection. Gastroenterology 1972;62: 918-934.

66. Kotler DP, Levine GM. Reversible gastric and pancreatic hyposecretion after long-term total parenteral nutrition. N Engl J Med 1979;300:241-242.

67. DiBaise JK, Young RJ, Vanderhoof JA. Enteric microbial flora, bacterial overgrowth and short bowel syndrome. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006;4: 11-20.

68. Toskes PP, Giannella RA, Jervis HR, et al. Small intestinal mucosal injury in the experimental blind loop syndrome. Light- and electron-microscopic and histochemical studies. Gastroenterology 1975;68:193-203.

69. Giannella RA, Rout WR, Toskes PP. Jejunal brush border injury and impaired sugar and amino acid uptake in the blind loop syndrome. Gastroenterology 1974;67:965-974.

70. Lin HC. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth: a framework for understanding irritable bowel syndrome. JAMA 2004;292:852-8.

71. Byrne TA, Persinger RL, Young LS, et al. A new treatment for patients with short-bowel syndrome: growth hormone, glutamine, and a modified diet. Ann Surg 1995;222:243-254.

72. Wilmore DW, Lacey JM, Soultanakis RP, et al. Factors predicting a successful outcome after pharmacologic bowel compensation. Ann Surg 1997;226: 288-293.

73. Byrne TA, Cox S, Karimbakas M, et al. Bowel rehabilitation: an alternative to long-term parenteral nutrition and intestinal transplantation for some patients with short bowel syndrome. Transplant Proc 2002;34:887-890.

74. Zhu W, Li N, Ren J, et al. Rehabilitation therapy for short bowel syndrome. Chin Med J 2002;115:776-778.

75. Scolapio JS, Camilleri M, Fleming CR, et al. Effect of growth hormone, glutamine, and diet on adaptation in short bowel syndrome: a randomized, controlled study. Gastroenterology 1997;113:1074-1081.

76. Szkudlarek J, Jeppesen PB, Mortensen PB. Effect of high dose growth hormone with glutamine and no change in diet on intestinal absorption in short bowel patients: a randomized, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled study. Gut 2000;47:199-205.

77. Jeppesen PB, Mortensen PB. Experimental approaches: dietary and hormone therapy. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2003;17:1041-1054.

78. Scolapio JS. Tales from the crypt. Gastroenterology. 2003;124:561-564.

79. Byrne TA, Wilmore DW, Iyer K, et al. Growth hormone, glutamine and an optimal diet reduces parenteral nutrition in patients with short bowel syndrome. A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Ann Surg 2005;242:655-661.

80. DiBaise JK, Somatropin in short bowel syndrome: opening the door to trophic factor use. Therapy 2006;3:55-67

81. Litvak DA, Hellmich MR, Evers BM, et al. Glucagon-like peptide 2 is a potent growth factor for small intestine and colon. J Gastrointest Surg 1998;2:146-150.

82. Drucker DJ, Erlich P, Asa SL, Brubaker PL. Induction of intestinal epithelial proliferation by glucagon-like peptide 2. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1996;93:7911-7916.

83. Ghatei MA, Goodlad RA, Taheri S, et al. Proglucagon-derived peptides in intestinal epithelial proliferation. Glucagon-like peptide-2 is a major mediator of intestinal epithelial proliferation in rats. Dig Dis Sci 2001;46: 1255-1263.

84. Scott RB, Kirk D, MacNaughton WK, Meddings JB. GLP-2 augments the adaptive response to massive intestinal resection in rat. Am J Physiol 1998;275:G911-G921.

85. Wojdemann M, Wettergren A, Hartmann B, Holst JJ. Glucagon-like peptide-2 inhibits centrally induced antral motility in pigs. Scand J Gastroenterol 1998;33:828-832.

86. Wojdemann M, Wettergren A, Hartmann B, et al. Inhibition of sham feeding-stimulated human gastric acid secretion by glucagon-like peptide-2. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1999;84:2513-2517.

87. Jeppesen PB, Hartmann B, Thulesen J, et al. Glucagon-like peptide 2 improves nutrient absorption and nutritional status in short-bowel patients with no colon. Gastroenterology 2001;120:806-815.

88. Jeppesen PB, Sanguinetti EL, Buchman A, et al. Teduglutide (ALX-0600), a dipeptidyl peptidase IV resistant glucagon-like peptide analogue, improves intestinal function in short bowel syndrome patients. Gut 2005;54:1224-1231.

89. Andrews NJ, Irving MH. Human gut hormone profiles in patients with short-bowel syndrome. Dig Dis Sci 1992;37:729-732.

90. Litvak DA, Iseki H, Evers M, et al. Characterization of two novel proab-sorptive polypeptide YY analogs, BIM-43073D and BIM-43004C. Dig Dis Sci 1999;44:643-648.

91. van der Hulst RR, van Kreel BK, von Meyenfeldt MF, et al. Glutamine and the preservation of gut integrity. Lancet 1993;341:1363-1365.

92. Beaugererie L, Carbonnel F, Hecketsweiler B, et al. Effects of an isotonic oral rehydration solution, enriched with glutamine, on fluid and sodium absorption in patients with a short bowel. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1997;11:741-747.

93. Scolapio JS, McGreevy K, Tennyson GS, Burnett OL. Effect of glutamine in short-bowel syndrome. Clin Nutr 2001;20:319-323.

94. Zhou X, Li YX, Li N, Li JS. Glutamine enhances the gut trophic effect of growth hormone in rat after massive small bowel resection. J Surg Res 2001;99:47-52.

95. Biolo G, Iscra F, Bosutti A, et al. Growth hormone decreases muscle glutamine production and stimulates protein syntheses in hypercatabolic patients. Am J Physiol 2000;279:E323-E332.

96. Thompson JS. Reoperation in patients with the short bowel syndrome. Am J Surg 1992;164:453-457.

97. Thompson JS. Strategies for preserving intestinal length in the short bowel syndrome. Dis Col Rectum 1987;30:208-213.

98. Sudan D, DiBaise J, Torres C, et al. A multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of intestinal failure. J Gastrointest Surg. 2005;9:165-76; discussion 176-7.

99. Fishbein TM, Gondolesi GE, Kaufman SS. Intestinal transplantation for gut failure. Gastroenterology 2003;124:1615-1628.

100. Grant D, Abu-Elmagd K, Reyes J, et al., on behalf of the Intestine Transplant Registry. 2003 report of the intestine transplant registry: a new era has dawned. Ann Surg. 2005;241:607-13.

101. Rovera GM, Schoen RE, Goldbach B, et al. Intestinal and multivisceral transplantation: dynamics of nutritional management and functional autonomy. J Parenter Enter Nutr 2003;27:252-259.

102. DiBaise JK, Young RJ, Vanderhoof JA. Intestinal rehabilitation and the short bowel syndrome: part 2. Am J Gastroenterol 2004;99:1823-1832.

103. Crenn P, Coudray-Lucas C, Thuillier F, et al. Postabsorptive plasma citrulline concentration is a marker of absorptive enterocyte mass and intestinal failure in humans. Gastroenterology 2000;119:1496-1505.

104. Weseman R, DiBaise JK, Sudan D, et al. Successful restoration of nutritional autonomy in short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients with very low plasma citrulline concentration. Nutr Clin Prac 2004;19:86-87 (abstract).

105. DiBaise JK, Matarese LE, Messing B, Steiger E. Strategies for weaning parenteral nutrition in adult patients with short bowel syndrome. J Clin Gastroenterol 2006;40(suppl):S94-98.

106. Booth CC. The effects of intestinal resection in man. Postgrad Med J 1961;37:725-739.

107. Fleming CR, George L, Stoner GL, et al. The importance of urinary magnesium values in patients with gut failure. Mayo Clin Proc 1996;71:21-24.

108. Anast CS, Winnacker JL, Forte LR, Burns TW. Impaired release of parathyroid hormone in magnesium deficiency. Clin Endocrinol Metab 1976;42:707-717.

109. Fukumoto S, Matsumoto T, Tanaka Y, et al. Renal magnesium wasting in a patient with short bowel syndrome with magnesium deficiency: effect of 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 treatment. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1987;65: 1201-1204.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Healthy Weight Loss For Teens

Healthy Weight Loss For Teens

Help your Teen Lose Weight Easily And In A Healthy Way. You Are About to Discover What psychological issues overweight teens are facing and how do you go about parenting an overweight teen without creating more problems?

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment