After determination of an individual's nutritional status and/or degree of malnutrition, then appropriate intervention can be initiated. Nutritional intervention can include dietary advice, enteral supplementation, appetite stimulation, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition. Specialized nutritional intervention may include the use of anabolic agents, immune-stimulating enteral formulations, medium-chain triglycerides, probiotics or other novel approaches. In order to begin intervention, clinicians must first attempt to determine the patient's caloric, protein and water requirements.
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