The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is a rapid and reliable tool for evaluating the nutritional status of the elderly (Table 1.3). It is composed of 18 items and takes approximately 15 min to complete . The assessment includes an evaluation of a patient's health, mobility, diet, anthropometrics and a subject self assessment. A developmental study demonstrated that the MNA was as accurate as a nutrition assessment by two expert nutrition physicians . A second validation study determined that the MNA was as accurate as a physician-performed nutrition assessment combined with the addition of biochemical markers . An MNA score of > 24 indicates no nutritional risk, while a score of 17-23 indicates a potential risk of malnutrition and a score < 17 indicates definitive malnutrition.
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WHAT IT IS A three-phase plan that has been likened to the low-carbohydrate Atkins program because during the first two weeks, South Beach eliminates most carbs, including bread, pasta, potatoes, fruit and most dairy products. In PHASE 2, healthy carbs, including most fruits, whole grains and dairy products are gradually reintroduced, but processed carbs such as bagels, cookies, cornflakes, regular pasta and rice cakes remain on the list of foods to avoid or eat rarely.