Multiple factors contribute to the weight loss observed in cancer patients [50, 51]. Weight loss can be attributed to the physiologic abnormalities associated with the tumor, such as malabsorption, obstruction, diarrhea and vomiting; these mechanisms are especially significant in patients with GI cancers. Host responses to the presence of a tumor, particularly through the generation of cytokines, can cause anorexia and altered metabolism. Side effects of anti-cancer treatments also contribute to anorexia and GI symptoms [50, 51]. For example, patients receiving radiation to the abdomen or pelvis can develop acute or chronic radiation enteritis, with resultant diarrhea and/or obstructive symptoms. Oral and gastrointestinal symptoms can cause changes in weight early in the course of cancer [52, 53]. Fatigue, depression, anxiety and pain may result in weight loss as well [50].

Was this article helpful?

0 0
10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment