Mark H DeLegge Md Facg Agaf Fasge and Luke M Drake MD

Contents

1 Introduction

2 Nutrition Assessment

3 Weight History

4 Anthropometrics

5 Plasma Proteins

6 Direct Measurements of Body Physiologic Function

7 Clinical Scoring Systems

8 Other Bedside Technologies

9 Research Laboratory Methods of Nutritional Assessment

10 Calorimetry in Nutrition

11 Nutritional Intervention

12 Calorie Needs

13 Protein/Nitrogen Needs

14 Twenty-four-Hour Nitrogen Calculation

15 Quickie Formulas for Protein and Calorie Needs

16 Daily Water Needs

17 Conclusion

From: Clinical Gastroenterology: Nutrition and Gastrointestinal Disease Edited by: M.H. DeLegge © Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ

Summary

Protein calorie malnutrition leads to poor clinical outcomes. In order to effectively treat patients with protein calorie malnutrition, a process must be in place to identify patients at nutrition risk. A nutrition assessment tool must be incorporated into clinical practice to identify malnourished patients. Nutrition assessment tools include those focusing on physical examination, laboratory testing, physiologic function testing, clinical scoring systems and measurements of body energy and protein expenditure.

KeyWords: Nutrition assessment, Malnutrition, Anthropometrics, Usual body weight, Body weight, Calorimetry, Bioelectric impedence, Nutrition screening tools, Plasma proteins, Muscle function

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Good Carb Diet

Good Carb Diet

WHAT IT IS A three-phase plan that has been likened to the low-carbohydrate Atkins program because during the first two weeks, South Beach eliminates most carbs, including bread, pasta, potatoes, fruit and most dairy products. In PHASE 2, healthy carbs, including most fruits, whole grains and dairy products are gradually reintroduced, but processed carbs such as bagels, cookies, cornflakes, regular pasta and rice cakes remain on the list of foods to avoid or eat rarely.

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