The most rapid and simplest measure of nutritional status is the Instant Nutritional Assessment (INA) (Table 1.8). A serum albumin and the total lymphocyte count form the basis of this evaluation . Significant correlations among depressed levels of these parameters and morbidity and mortality have been previously noted. Not surprisingly, abnormalities of these same parameters are even more significant in critically ill patients . Although not designed to replace more extensive assessment measures, this technique allows for quick identification and early intervention in those individuals in greatest danger of developing complications of malnutrition.
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WHAT IT IS A three-phase plan that has been likened to the low-carbohydrate Atkins program because during the first two weeks, South Beach eliminates most carbs, including bread, pasta, potatoes, fruit and most dairy products. In PHASE 2, healthy carbs, including most fruits, whole grains and dairy products are gradually reintroduced, but processed carbs such as bagels, cookies, cornflakes, regular pasta and rice cakes remain on the list of foods to avoid or eat rarely.