Daily water needs for patients are based on maintenance needs plus losses through urine, stool, emesis and wound output. However, there are "quickie" methods for determining water needs that are reliable for most patients as noted below:
30 cc H20/kg body weight/day or
1 ml H20/kcal delivered of tube feeding
*** Add 300 cc for every average degree of centigrade temperature elevation in 24 h
*** Patients with significant stool, emesis, wound or urine output may require more volume *** Patients on fluid restriction may require less volume
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WHAT IT IS A three-phase plan that has been likened to the low-carbohydrate Atkins program because during the first two weeks, South Beach eliminates most carbs, including bread, pasta, potatoes, fruit and most dairy products. In PHASE 2, healthy carbs, including most fruits, whole grains and dairy products are gradually reintroduced, but processed carbs such as bagels, cookies, cornflakes, regular pasta and rice cakes remain on the list of foods to avoid or eat rarely.